Health occupations, except postsecondary teachers and managers
Postsecondary teachers, health and related sciences
S&E managers, including health
S&E precollege teachers
S&E technicians and technologists
Other S&E-related occupations
Non-S&E postsecondary teachers
Non-S&E precollege/other teachers
Social service–related occupations
Other non-S&E occupations
Codes used in data tables: * = suppressed when population estimate < 25. D = suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information. S = suppressed for reliability; coefficient of variation exceeds publication standards.
S&E = science and engineering; SE = standard error.
NOTES: Involuntarily out-of-field rate is the percentage of employed individuals who reported, for their principal job, working in an area not related to their first doctoral degree at least partially because a job in their doctoral degree field was not available. Residence location is based on reported living location on 1 February 2015.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 2015.