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NCSES GSS 2012 DST 14 SAS Output
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Table 14. Female graduate students in science, engineering, and health in all institutions, by field, citizenship, ethnicity, and race: 2006–12

Field 2006 2007olda 2007newa 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
All surveyed fields 297,825 299,671 307,490 311,179 303,120 297,171 291,550 291,056
   U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 246,041 245,526 252,309 252,329 242,387 235,235 228,370 224,797
      Hispanic or Latino 17,829 18,106 18,527 18,379 18,140 18,364 19,081 19,440
      Not Hispanic or Latino                
         American Indian or Alaska Native 1,593 1,651 1,713 1,946 1,749 1,647 1,559 1,440
         Asianc 18,663 18,631 18,885 18,536 18,518 18,014 17,993 17,916
         Black or African American 23,416 23,274 24,013 24,595 24,539 24,844 25,025 24,401
         Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 697 856 863 799 752 754 768 677
         White 162,059 160,001 164,684 163,522 155,553 149,137 143,442 140,494
         More than one racec 370 372 375 900 1,535 3,197 3,745 4,760
      Unknown ethnicity and race 21,414 22,635 23,249 23,652 21,601 19,278 16,757 15,669
   Temporary visa holders 51,784 54,145 55,181 58,850 60,733 61,936 63,180 66,259
   Science and engineering 211,106 218,295 227,273 231,997 237,749 240,481 242,732 242,548
      U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 163,820 168,644 176,449 177,792 181,700 182,995 183,760 180,507
         Hispanic or Latino 12,839 13,361 13,848 14,025 14,235 14,813 15,924 16,133
         Not Hispanic or Latino                
            American Indian or Alaska Native 1,133 1,167 1,235 1,431 1,370 1,351 1,297 1,212
            Asianc 13,289 13,754 14,118 13,954 14,504 14,386 14,896 14,796
            Black or African American 15,884 16,371 17,162 17,706 18,519 19,160 19,760 19,009
            Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 477 622 644 573 578 554 520 471
            White 104,515 106,672 111,932 112,046 114,287 114,557 114,603 112,255
            More than one racec 290 275 281 709 1,267 2,578 3,126 3,865
         Unknown ethnicity and race 15,393 16,422 17,229 17,348 16,940 15,596 13,634 12,766
      Temporary visa holders 47,286 49,651 50,824 54,205 56,049 57,486 58,972 62,041
      Science 183,162 188,321 196,801 200,460 204,431 206,028 208,991 207,997
         U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 148,354 152,294 159,749 160,796 163,806 164,531 166,337 163,502
            Hispanic or Latino 11,644 12,119 12,592 12,775 12,884 13,352 14,454 14,617
            Not Hispanic or Latino                
               American Indian or Alaska Native 1,061 1,105 1,170 1,334 1,292 1,266 1,215 1,132
               Asianc 10,736 11,164 11,484 11,379 11,863 11,648 12,169 12,171
               Black or African American 14,755 15,160 15,908 16,423 17,204 17,860 18,543 17,880
               Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 434 546 568 525 536 507 475 440
               White 95,514 97,161 102,213 101,981 103,682 103,553 104,427 102,266
               More than one racec 270 261 266 663 1,169 2,332 2,825 3,471
            Unknown ethnicity and race 13,940 14,778 15,548 15,716 15,176 14,013 12,229 11,525
         Temporary visa holders 34,808 36,027 37,052 39,664 40,625 41,497 42,654 44,495
         Agricultural sciences 6,299 6,444 6,627 6,891 7,485 7,819 8,026 8,229
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 5,157 5,258 5,357 5,488 5,965 6,253 6,338 6,456
               Hispanic or Latino 277 301 316 322 373 412 450 452
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 46 48 48 77 77 87 58 63
                  Asianc 168 171 176 214 204 199 215 227
                  Black or African American 301 283 282 289 244 277 288 281
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 5 7 7 15 19 20 18 16
                  White 4,070 4,136 4,220 4,184 4,602 4,835 4,923 4,976
                  More than one racec 14 7 7 34 46 71 77 104
               Unknown ethnicity and race 276 305 301 353 400 352 309 337
            Temporary visa holders 1,142 1,186 1,270 1,403 1,520 1,566 1,688 1,773
         Biological sciences 39,369 40,651 40,754 41,334 41,818 42,571 42,833 43,206
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 30,304 31,494 31,725 31,762 32,283 33,041 33,189 33,424
               Hispanic or Latino 1,926 2,074 2,070 2,093 2,254 2,447 2,566 2,642
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 182 166 167 187 194 213 198 172
                  Asianc 3,216 3,350 3,387 3,264 3,438 3,546 3,758 3,765
                  Black or African American 2,123 2,261 2,271 2,301 2,456 2,474 2,422 2,495
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 139 157 166 162 170 129 121 91
                  White 20,772 21,115 21,136 21,173 21,086 21,473 21,574 21,648
                  More than one racec 44 39 42 103 155 395 497 620
               Unknown ethnicity and race 1,902 2,332 2,486 2,479 2,530 2,364 2,053 1,991
            Temporary visa holders 9,065 9,157 9,029 9,572 9,535 9,530 9,644 9,782
         Communicationa ne ne 4,647 5,381 6,029 6,353 7,041 7,168
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb ne ne 3,927 4,517 4,991 5,307 5,911 5,894
               Hispanic or Latino ne ne 270 302 295 367 452 491
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native ne ne 19 35 36 45 40 28
                  Asianc ne ne 162 191 217 221 259 244
                  Black or African American ne ne 375 436 459 541 711 732
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc ne ne 3 4 20 12 9 17
                  White ne ne 2,733 3,060 3,490 3,662 4,018 3,882
                  More than one racec ne ne 1 10 57 81 103 154
               Unknown ethnicity and race ne ne 364 479 417 378 319 346
            Temporary visa holders ne ne 720 864 1,038 1,046 1,130 1,274
         Computer sciences 12,062 12,206 12,017 12,545 13,053 12,807 12,607 13,223
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 6,741 6,169 6,020 6,015 6,300 6,048 5,799 5,914
               Hispanic or Latino 271 286 282 287 293 334 371 372
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 27 16 15 34 28 31 30 34
                  Asianc 1,283 1,145 1,109 1,087 1,170 980 974 1,020
                  Black or African American 722 704 695 708 799 822 780 748
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 17 9 8 16 16 13 9 14
                  White 3,581 3,091 3,012 3,064 3,192 3,133 3,041 3,040
                  More than one racec 4 1 1 9 34 81 85 118
               Unknown ethnicity and race 836 917 898 810 768 654 509 568
            Temporary visa holders 5,321 6,037 5,997 6,530 6,753 6,759 6,808 7,309
         Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 7,004 6,951 6,650 6,621 6,815 7,200 7,175 7,386
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 5,898 5,853 5,593 5,477 5,717 6,015 5,923 6,060
               Hispanic or Latino 311 303 283 280 308 336 355 381
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 26 35 31 35 29 46 52 38
                  Asianc 200 210 187 192 212 215 205 224
                  Black or African American 145 155 151 161 158 158 153 147
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 16 10 9 8 16 13 10 9
                  White 4,830 4,748 4,564 4,383 4,491 4,731 4,675 4,714
                  More than one racec 12 8 8 20 32 83 85 140
               Unknown ethnicity and race 358 384 360 398 471 433 388 407
            Temporary visa holders 1,106 1,098 1,057 1,144 1,098 1,185 1,252 1,326
         Family and consumer sciences and human sciencesa ne ne 2,327 2,958 3,203 3,461 3,721 3,385
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb ne ne 2,127 2,687 2,925 3,157 3,370 3,036
               Hispanic or Latino ne ne 71 112 129 166 207 235
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native ne ne 17 14 18 20 20 13
                  Asianc ne ne 79 124 120 123 121 118
                  Black or African American ne ne 272 345 461 511 586 525
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc ne ne 0 0 0 1 7 11
                  White ne ne 1,573 1,866 2,024 2,099 2,212 1,981
                  More than one racec ne ne 2 5 3 29 37 54
               Unknown ethnicity and race ne ne 113 221 170 208 180 99
            Temporary visa holders ne ne 200 271 278 304 351 349
         Mathematical sciences 7,693 7,781 7,678 7,751 7,979 8,127 8,360 8,618
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 4,857 4,969 4,930 4,723 4,860 4,937 4,928 4,887
               Hispanic or Latino 246 269 268 243 265 277 286 294
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 22 14 14 18 16 19 14 5
                  Asianc 611 613 605 571 613 617 655 630
                  Black or African American 347 331 329 311 321 319 306 277
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 18 18 18 28 32 16 6 12
                  White 3,260 3,276 3,252 3,129 3,149 3,125 3,232 3,253
                  More than one racec 6 4 4 8 57 97 64 76
               Unknown ethnicity and race 347 444 440 415 407 467 365 340
            Temporary visa holders 2,836 2,812 2,748 3,028 3,119 3,190 3,432 3,731
         Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studiesa ne ne 2,560 3,234 3,809 4,493 3,431 3,067
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb ne ne 2,211 2,781 3,283 3,877 2,956 2,589
               Hispanic or Latino ne ne 169 230 253 390 273 258
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native ne ne 39 41 38 29 25 28
                  Asianc ne ne 115 144 169 200 151 136
                  Black or African American ne ne 219 264 326 381 304 255
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc ne ne 8 8 10 8 8 8
                  White ne ne 1,378 1,711 1,954 2,329 1,839 1,571
                  More than one racec ne ne 0 3 25 51 50 61
               Unknown ethnicity and race ne ne 283 380 508 489 306 272
            Temporary visa holders ne ne 349 453 526 616 475 478
         Neurosciencea na na 863 1,097 1,264 1,474 2,199 2,371
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb na na 687 897 1,038 1,225 1,861 1,997
               Hispanic or Latino na na 49 62 64 97 158 167
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native na na 4 4 3 4 11 9
                  Asianc na na 78 106 112 128 213 210
                  Black or African American na na 35 36 52 51 82 94
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc na na 2 3 1 2 5 4
                  White na na 482 625 714 857 1,249 1,361
                  More than one racec na na 0 2 1 7 32 38
               Unknown ethnicity and race na na 37 59 91 79 111 114
            Temporary visa holders na na 176 200 226 249 338 374
          Physical sciences 12,005 12,253 12,109 12,333 12,691 12,826 13,112 13,216
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 7,370 7,605 7,489 7,448 7,671 7,721 7,890 7,917
               Hispanic or Latino 490 509 503 494 495 506 525 532
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 49 49 48 50 48 37 36 35
                  Asianc 711 803 792 726 768 738 791 801
                  Black or African American 506 501 498 491 493 514 515 495
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 20 21 21 18 23 16 17 14
                  White 5,092 5,175 5,085 5,102 5,252 5,267 5,402 5,385
                  More than one racec 10 13 13 25 32 98 119 165
               Unknown ethnicity and race 492 534 529 542 560 545 485 490
            Temporary visa holders 4,635 4,648 4,620 4,885 5,020 5,105 5,222 5,299
         Psychologyd 43,703 45,594 45,116 44,615 42,536 40,238 40,921 40,585
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 41,648 43,328 42,890 42,389 40,409 37,958 38,664 38,324
               Hispanic or Latino 4,030 4,216 4,204 4,271 3,852 3,720 4,102 4,111
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 261 309 309 298 287 266 278 260
                  Asianc 1,949 2,147 2,128 2,100 2,000 1,868 1,859 1,900
                  Black or African American 4,164 4,198 4,165 4,341 4,440 4,478 4,722 4,491
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 88 95 98 79 66 92 90 87
                  White 26,132 27,588 27,237 26,497 25,646 23,716 23,834 23,710
                  More than one racec 52 55 55 137 303 506 609 762
               Unknown ethnicity and race 4,972 4,720 4,694 4,666 3,815 3,312 3,170 3,003
            Temporary visa holders 2,055 2,266 2,226 2,226 2,127 2,280 2,257 2,261
         Social sciences 55,027 56,441 55,453 55,700 57,749 58,659 59,565 57,543
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 46,379 47,618 46,793 46,612 48,364 48,992 49,508 47,004
               Hispanic or Latino 4,093 4,161 4,107 4,079 4,303 4,300 4,709 4,682
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 448 468 459 541 518 469 453 447
                  Asianc 2,598 2,725 2,666 2,660 2,840 2,813 2,968 2,896
                  Black or African American 6,447 6,727 6,616 6,740 6,995 7,334 7,674 7,340
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 131 229 228 184 163 185 175 157
                  White 27,777 28,032 27,541 27,187 28,082 28,326 28,428 26,745
                  More than one racec 128 134 133 307 424 833 1,067 1,179
               Unknown ethnicity and race 4,757 5,142 5,043 4,914 5,039 4,732 4,034 3,558
            Temporary visa holders 8,648 8,823 8,660 9,088 9,385 9,667 10,057 10,539
      Engineering 27,944 29,974 30,472 31,537 33,318 34,453 33,741 34,551
         U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 15,466 16,350 16,700 16,996 17,894 18,464 17,423 17,005
            Hispanic or Latino 1,195 1,242 1,256 1,250 1,351 1,461 1,470 1,516
            Not Hispanic or Latino                
               American Indian or Alaska Native 72 62 65 97 78 85 82 80
               Asianc 2,553 2,590 2,634 2,575 2,641 2,738 2,727 2,625
               Black or African American 1,129 1,211 1,254 1,283 1,315 1,300 1,217 1,129
               Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 43 76 76 48 42 47 45 31
               White 9,001 9,511 9,719 10,065 10,605 11,004 10,176 9,989
               More than one racec 20 14 15 46 98 246 301 394
            Unknown ethnicity and race 1,453 1,644 1,681 1,632 1,764 1,583 1,405 1,241
         Temporary visa holders 12,478 13,624 13,772 14,541 15,424 15,989 16,318 17,546
         Aerospace engineering 709 700 700 722 734 784 782 705
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 493 486 486 487 497 551 566 523
               Hispanic or Latino 24 22 22 25 25 36 48 54
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 1 4 4 7 5 4 4 2
                  Asianc 61 62 62 66 57 56 69 64
                  Black or African American 18 21 21 24 20 17 15 16
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 1 0 0 0 1 2 1 2
                  White 326 338 338 296 332 375 376 332
                  More than one racec 0 1 1 1 5 12 10 12
               Unknown ethnicity and race 62 38 38 68 52 49 43 41
            Temporary visa holders 216 214 214 235 237 233 216 182
         Agricultural engineering 350 366 366 398 437 509 618 590
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 183 172 172 166 198 206 248 227
               Hispanic or Latino 12 5 5 6 9 10 14 12
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 3 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
                  Asianc 10 12 12 10 11 16 21 16
                  Black or African American 13 10 10 9 12 16 23 14
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 1 2 2 0 0 0 1 1
                  White 140 130 130 132 152 145 173 165
                  More than one racec 1 2 2 0 1 4 6 7
               Unknown ethnicity and race 3 10 10 8 12 12 9 11
            Temporary visa holders 167 194 194 232 239 303 370 363
         Architecturea na na 1,974 2,612 2,997 3,044 1,443 1,116
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb na na 1,567 2,085 2,368 2,396 1,050 740
               Hispanic or Latino na na 86 170 191 182 103 59
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native na na 3 26 13 15 7 5
                  Asianc na na 118 157 176 206 106 58
                  Black or African American na na 94 126 123 121 58 60
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc na na 2 4 1 3 1 1
                  White na na 1,117 1,403 1,625 1,641 652 493
                  More than one racec na na 1 7 11 43 30 19
               Unknown ethnicity and race na na 146 192 228 185 93 45
            Temporary visa holders na na 407 527 629 648 393 376
         Biomedical engineering 2,486 2,610 2,621 2,761 2,979 3,133 3,459 3,503
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 1,702 1,775 1,784 1,805 1,983 2,102 2,331 2,328
               Hispanic or Latino 97 86 86 91 110 120 135 169
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 5 5 5 7 7 7 5 7
                  Asianc 366 394 394 371 422 437 553 511
                  Black or African American 107 117 117 118 139 129 129 126
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 7 7 7 10 6 5 4 2
                  White 991 991 1,000 1,058 1,141 1,227 1,320 1,325
                  More than one racec 5 3 3 5 19 28 44 52
               Unknown ethnicity and race 124 172 172 145 139 149 141 136
            Temporary visa holders 784 835 837 956 996 1,031 1,128 1,175
         Chemical engineering 2,159 2,235 2,266 2,409 2,616 2,722 2,850 2,937
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 1,117 1,105 1,129 1,143 1,206 1,230 1,279 1,299
               Hispanic or Latino 123 107 106 90 86 104 108 101
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 5 2 2 3 2 2 4 7
                  Asianc 198 190 195 203 215 219 221 223
                  Black or African American 56 50 52 51 66 65 70 69
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 8 9 9 2 1 4 4 2
                  White 671 675 692 716 760 753 778 797
                  More than one racec 2 1 1 8 7 10 20 22
               Unknown ethnicity and race 54 71 72 70 69 73 74 78
            Temporary visa holders 1,042 1,130 1,137 1,266 1,410 1,492 1,571 1,638
         Civil engineeringa 5,423 6,348 4,736 4,765 5,301 5,571 5,589 5,805
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 3,659 4,402 3,117 3,069 3,423 3,554 3,457 3,494
               Hispanic or Latino 331 404 327 263 302 370 377 391
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 19 16 15 16 18 22 26 18
                  Asianc 361 395 303 325 382 404 377 375
                  Black or African American 181 231 178 168 205 206 167 166
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 8 11 9 11 8 14 16 5
                  White 2,460 2,961 2,021 2,019 2,155 2,235 2,208 2,203
                  More than one racec 3 2 2 4 15 59 72 108
               Unknown ethnicity and race 296 382 262 263 338 244 214 228
            Temporary visa holders 1,764 1,946 1,619 1,696 1,878 2,017 2,132 2,311
         Electrical engineering 7,026 7,367 7,439 7,340 7,174 7,193 7,430 7,773
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,315 2,182 2,241 2,119 2,014 2,007 2,059 1,942
               Hispanic or Latino 179 161 164 159 153 151 164 166
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 4 2 3 4 6 4 8 15
                  Asianc 709 597 615 568 548 548 558 528
                  Black or African American 180 180 183 172 172 174 190 129
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 5 9 9 3 8 6 5 5
                  White 906 910 939 872 850 851 862 865
                  More than one racec 4 2 2 6 8 21 27 35
               Unknown ethnicity and race 328 321 326 335 269 252 245 199
            Temporary visa holders 4,711 5,185 5,198 5,221 5,160 5,186 5,371 5,831
         Engineering science 451 412 409 471 478 438 434 452
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 250 211 208 244 237 209 206 229
               Hispanic or Latino 3 5 6 12 16 12 13 16
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 3 3 3 3 1 0 0 0
                  Asianc 45 41 37 31 27 31 23 25
                  Black or African American 11 7 7 12 12 9 10 8
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 2 2 1 0 0 1 1
                  White 168 134 135 163 148 132 122 131
                  More than one racec 1 0 0 1 0 2 6 6
               Unknown ethnicity and race 19 19 18 21 33 23 31 42
            Temporary visa holders 201 201 201 227 241 229 228 223
         Industrial engineering 3,466 3,520 3,544 3,714 3,800 3,684 3,610 3,699
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,326 2,288 2,291 2,253 2,182 2,029 1,967 1,859
               Hispanic or Latino 214 210 212 201 221 190 173 174
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 17 14 15 18 14 8 9 9
                  Asianc 292 305 311 287 254 253 218 216
                  Black or African American 296 290 291 304 283 231 234 230
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 3 2 2 2 5 3 3 2
                  White 1,248 1,180 1,171 1,183 1,087 1,033 1,019 990
                  More than one racec 0 1 1 8 11 16 23 29
               Unknown ethnicity and race 256 286 288 250 307 295 288 209
            Temporary visa holders 1,140 1,232 1,253 1,461 1,618 1,655 1,643 1,840
         Mechanical engineering 2,485 2,615 2,614 2,749 2,990 3,186 3,163 3,465
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 1,498 1,597 1,596 1,647 1,709 1,833 1,823 1,923
               Hispanic or Latino 117 129 129 118 121 132 155 180
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 4 6 6 6 5 7 7 5
                  Asianc 191 256 256 257 237 251 244 276
                  Black or African American 75 93 93 99 94 109 109 98
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 5 6 6 4 7 5 4 4
                  White 970 967 966 1,010 1,086 1,160 1,163 1,178
                  More than one racec 1 0 0 0 11 25 27 58
               Unknown ethnicity and race 135 140 140 153 148 144 114 124
            Temporary visa holders 987 1,018 1,018 1,102 1,281 1,353 1,340 1,542
         Metallurgical and materials engineering 1,390 1,460 1,473 1,533 1,589 1,754 1,876 1,977
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 731 766 769 775 783 880 910 927
               Hispanic or Latino 34 38 40 44 42 55 64 79
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 4 3 3 3 3 5 3 3
                  Asianc 97 120 119 137 136 143 155 145
                  Black or African American 61 59 58 59 48 57 47 47
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 2 6 6 5 0 0 3 5
                  White 483 493 495 497 500 570 572 575
                  More than one racec 1 1 1 4 8 11 10 18
               Unknown ethnicity and race 49 46 47 26 46 39 56 55
            Temporary visa holders 659 694 704 758 806 874 966 1,050
         Mining engineering 43 51 37 49 55 77 93 61
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 27 29 22 24 31 39 41 29
               Hispanic or Latino 0 1 0 0 2 2 3 0
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  Asianc 0 0 0 3 2 0 0 0
                  Black or African American 0 1 0 2 3 4 2 0
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  White 26 26 22 19 23 30 34 23
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
               Unknown ethnicity and race 1 1 0 0 1 2 2 4
            Temporary visa holders 16 22 15 25 24 38 52 32
         Nuclear engineering 214 226 221 214 198 228 225 225
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 146 157 153 165 148 181 177 173
               Hispanic or Latino 7 9 9 10 5 13 9 7
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  Asianc 12 7 7 11 14 16 20 15
                  Black or African American 8 11 11 12 10 9 8 7
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0
                  White 110 113 109 120 108 126 124 126
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 0 0 3 7 6
               Unknown ethnicity and race 9 17 17 10 11 13 9 12
            Temporary visa holders 68 69 68 49 50 47 48 52
         Petroleum engineering 135 183 183 191 209 235 229 287
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 34 37 37 40 45 50 49 64
               Hispanic or Latino 7 8 8 4 5 7 6 7
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  Asianc 2 2 2 4 3 4 8 14
                  Black or African American 3 7 7 6 6 6 7 9
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  White 19 18 18 25 30 31 25 32
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
               Unknown ethnicity and race 3 2 2 1 1 1 3 2
            Temporary visa holders 101 146 146 151 164 185 180 223
         Engineering nec 1,607 1,881 1,889 1,609 1,761 1,895 1,940 1,956
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 985 1,143 1,128 974 1,070 1,197 1,260 1,248
               Hispanic or Latino 47 57 56 57 63 77 98 101
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 7 6 5 3 3 8 8 8
                  Asianc 209 209 203 145 157 154 154 159
                  Black or African American 120 134 132 121 122 147 148 150
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 3 22 22 4 5 4 2 1
                  White 483 575 566 552 608 695 748 754
                  More than one racec 2 1 1 2 2 10 19 20
               Unknown ethnicity and race 114 139 143 90 110 102 83 55
            Temporary visa holders 622 738 761 635 691 698 680 708
   Healtha, d 86,719 81,376 80,217 79,182 65,371 56,690 48,818 48,508
      U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 82,221 76,882 75,860 74,537 60,687 52,240 44,610 44,290
         Hispanic or Latino 4,990 4,745 4,679 4,354 3,905 3,551 3,157 3,307
         Not Hispanic or Latino                
            American Indian or Alaska Native 460 484 478 515 379 296 262 228
            Asianc 5,374 4,877 4,767 4,582 4,014 3,628 3,097 3,120
            Black or African American 7,532 6,903 6,851 6,889 6,020 5,684 5,265 5,392
            Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 220 234 219 226 174 200 248 206
            White 57,544 53,329 52,752 51,476 41,266 34,580 28,839 28,239
            More than one racec 80 97 94 191 268 619 619 895
         Unknown ethnicity and race 6,021 6,213 6,020 6,304 4,661 3,682 3,123 2,903
      Temporary visa holders 4,498 4,494 4,357 4,645 4,684 4,450 4,208 4,218

na = not applicable; data were not collected at this level of detail. ne = not eligible; data were not collected for this field prior to 2007.
nec = not elsewhere classified.
a In 2007, eligible fields were reclassified, newly eligible fields were added, and the survey was redesigned to improve coverage and coding of eligible units. “2007new” presents data as collected in 2007; “2007old” shows data as they would have been collected in prior years. The science fields Communication and Family and consumer sciences and human sciences were newly eligible in 2007; data for these two fields begin in 2007new. The science field Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies was also added to the code list in 2007; some data reported in this field were reported under other fields before 2007 and are included in those fields in 2007old. Neuroscience is reported as a separate field of science in 2007new; data were reported under health field Neurology in 2007old and previous years. Architecture is reported as a separate field of engineering in 2007new; data were reported under Civil engineering in 2007old and previous years. See appendix A in http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf10307/ for more detail.
b Ethnicity and race data are available only for U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
c Reporting of ethnicity and race in 2008–12 has been affected by changes in the reporting of ethnicity and race in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). Starting in 2008, IPEDS respondents were asked to use a new classification that included a category for two or more races (see http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/reic/resource.asp) and separate reporting of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders from Asians. The new classification was optional in 2008 and 2009 IPEDS but mandatory beginning in 2010 and may have contributed to a significant increase in the reporting of Not Hispanic or Latino, More than one race.
d Beginning with 2008, more rigorous follow-up was done with institutions regarding the exclusion of practitioner-oriented graduate degree programs in Psychology and in Other health (a subfield of health). This change may affect interpretation of trends in these fields.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF-NIH Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering.
Data from survey cycle Fall 2012, as of December 2013.