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NCSES GSS 2012 DST 15 SAS Output
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Table 15. Full-time graduate students in science, engineering, and health in all institutions, by field, citizenship, ethnicity, and race: 2006–12

Field 2006 2007olda 2007newa 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
All surveyed fields 419,015 430,860 437,365 449,613 456,115 461,185 457,292 459,498
   U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 287,684 294,556 299,716 304,912 307,192 309,475 302,034 297,497
      Hispanic or Latino 19,441 19,991 20,264 20,310 21,195 22,068 22,789 23,408
      Not Hispanic or Latino                
         American Indian or Alaska Native 1,778 1,834 1,874 2,140 2,028 1,933 1,810 1,660
         Asianc 24,426 25,192 25,395 24,570 25,492 25,954 26,107 25,899
         Black or African American 19,936 19,625 20,078 21,903 22,362 22,611 22,427 21,845
         Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 815 988 996 955 896 859 890 740
         White 197,195 200,044 203,760 206,023 206,533 207,055 201,601 197,661
         More than one racec 507 467 470 975 1,799 4,239 5,003 6,311
      Unknown ethnicity and race 23,586 26,415 26,879 28,036 26,887 24,756 21,407 19,973
   Temporary visa holders 131,331 136,304 137,649 144,701 148,923 151,710 155,258 162,001
   Science and engineering 349,802 362,976 371,542 383,560 398,498 409,107 411,168 414,384
      U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 225,338 233,343 240,319 245,691 256,503 263,871 262,043 258,477
         Hispanic or Latino 15,381 15,994 16,378 16,622 17,755 18,870 19,883 20,343
         Not Hispanic or Latino                
            American Indian or Alaska Native 1,443 1,445 1,492 1,733 1,716 1,690 1,601 1,481
            Asianc 19,360 20,481 20,851 20,383 21,714 22,436 23,035 22,890
            Black or African American 14,858 15,003 15,528 16,839 17,779 18,194 18,097 17,544
            Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 639 772 813 764 765 696 655 562
            White 153,827 157,463 162,261 165,333 172,067 176,626 175,588 172,599
            More than one racec 417 398 403 816 1,557 3,639 4,423 5,474
         Unknown ethnicity and race 19,413 21,787 22,593 23,201 23,150 21,720 18,761 17,584
      Temporary visa holders 124,464 129,633 131,223 137,869 141,995 145,236 149,125 155,907
      Science 261,984 269,821 277,229 285,305 293,561 299,315 303,015 304,795
         U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 185,004 191,167 197,473 201,142 207,858 211,598 212,624 211,116
            Hispanic or Latino 12,855 13,352 13,705 13,930 14,653 15,344 16,255 16,728
            Not Hispanic or Latino                
               American Indian or Alaska Native 1,257 1,267 1,310 1,520 1,507 1,483 1,404 1,317
               Asianc 14,023 14,780 15,092 14,561 15,565 15,681 16,406 16,493
               Black or African American 12,718 12,834 13,308 14,556 15,407 15,725 15,816 15,454
               Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 567 649 687 665 675 594 552 483
               White 127,836 130,378 134,711 136,236 140,148 142,596 143,712 141,905
               More than one racec 374 360 364 730 1,294 2,866 3,507 4,420
            Unknown ethnicity and race 15,374 17,547 18,296 18,944 18,609 17,309 14,972 14,316
         Temporary visa holders 76,980 78,654 79,756 84,163 85,703 87,717 90,391 93,679
         Agricultural sciences 9,478 9,634 9,822 10,132 10,823 11,087 11,448 11,375
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 7,097 7,188 7,230 7,413 8,032 8,260 8,427 8,381
               Hispanic or Latino 397 426 443 435 535 522 585 571
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 59 60 61 82 84 90 57 66
                  Asianc 217 231 225 231 260 248 253 275
                  Black or African American 307 283 285 311 274 332 349 300
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 12 13 11 17 23 20 16 16
                  White 5,717 5,726 5,775 5,798 6,282 6,510 6,642 6,608
                  More than one racec 19 13 13 49 59 73 92 142
               Unknown ethnicity and race 369 436 417 490 515 465 433 403
            Temporary visa holders 2,381 2,446 2,592 2,719 2,791 2,827 3,021 2,994
         Biological sciences 58,918 60,093 60,428 60,662 61,466 62,770 62,773 63,921
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 43,257 44,525 45,085 44,606 45,548 46,587 46,527 47,527
               Hispanic or Latino 2,725 2,879 2,890 2,921 3,116 3,292 3,496 3,702
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 266 248 250 271 275 312 283 262
                  Asianc 4,631 4,867 4,921 4,581 4,955 5,136 5,401 5,523
                  Black or African American 2,418 2,486 2,509 2,645 2,831 2,858 2,725 2,854
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 218 219 246 243 226 194 161 141
                  White 30,331 30,750 30,900 30,493 30,541 31,225 31,095 31,498
                  More than one racec 84 73 75 152 219 542 648 817
               Unknown ethnicity and race 2,584 3,003 3,294 3,300 3,385 3,028 2,718 2,730
            Temporary visa holders 15,661 15,568 15,343 16,056 15,918 16,183 16,246 16,394
         Communicationa ne ne 4,528 5,224 6,091 6,274 6,913 6,978
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb ne ne 3,549 4,058 4,757 5,001 5,501 5,428
               Hispanic or Latino ne ne 196 253 264 326 408 457
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native ne ne 21 31 35 42 37 29
                  Asianc ne ne 149 185 210 207 239 231
                  Black or African American ne ne 279 335 366 401 563 502
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc ne ne 3 11 22 10 13 13
                  White ne ne 2,608 2,909 3,390 3,601 3,877 3,743
                  More than one racec ne ne 0 7 63 90 100 144
               Unknown ethnicity and race ne ne 293 327 407 324 264 309
            Temporary visa holders ne ne 979 1,166 1,334 1,273 1,412 1,550
         Computer sciences 28,760 30,511 30,082 31,338 32,198 32,782 32,861 34,108
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 11,959 12,037 11,814 11,684 12,113 12,072 11,579 11,534
               Hispanic or Latino 529 483 480 498 580 564 641 666
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 48 43 41 65 61 61 45 38
                  Asianc 1,800 1,734 1,695 1,622 1,814 1,649 1,646 1,611
                  Black or African American 738 825 813 803 914 963 811 878
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 28 18 18 18 28 26 13 15
                  White 7,390 7,064 6,926 7,051 7,291 7,353 7,176 6,987
                  More than one racec 13 10 10 21 77 144 198 278
               Unknown ethnicity and race 1,413 1,860 1,831 1,606 1,348 1,312 1,049 1,061
            Temporary visa holders 16,801 18,474 18,268 19,654 20,085 20,710 21,282 22,574
         Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 11,431 11,376 10,892 11,171 11,589 12,318 12,404 12,617
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 8,924 8,926 8,547 8,668 9,060 9,670 9,568 9,687
               Hispanic or Latino 425 416 395 418 473 522 521 558
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 52 61 53 59 61 72 75 58
                  Asianc 294 323 303 295 309 315 327 346
                  Black or African American 186 196 191 207 223 228 222 206
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 17 11 9 12 18 11 15 12
                  White 7,356 7,312 7,026 6,989 7,243 7,735 7,663 7,690
                  More than one racec 12 11 11 25 43 119 146 200
               Unknown ethnicity and race 582 596 559 663 690 668 599 617
            Temporary visa holders 2,507 2,450 2,345 2,503 2,529 2,648 2,836 2,930
         Family and consumer sciences and human sciencesa ne ne 1,594 1,936 2,168 2,377 2,616 2,410
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb ne ne 1,396 1,659 1,891 2,054 2,256 2,046
               Hispanic or Latino ne ne 50 66 83 114 133 169
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native ne ne 14 13 11 14 8 11
                  Asianc ne ne 61 83 81 95 88 95
                  Black or African American ne ne 142 155 229 218 292 281
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc ne ne 0 0 1 1 6 8
                  White ne ne 1,046 1,198 1,377 1,443 1,590 1,379
                  More than one racec ne ne 2 3 3 20 26 35
               Unknown ethnicity and race ne ne 81 141 106 149 113 68
            Temporary visa holders ne ne 198 277 277 323 360 364
         Mathematical sciences 15,571 15,966 15,668 16,241 16,885 17,606 18,303 18,990
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 8,749 9,063 8,943 8,942 9,283 9,766 9,949 10,008
               Hispanic or Latino 419 459 455 429 484 532 543 609
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 40 31 29 37 32 38 39 30
                  Asianc 865 855 829 820 882 941 1,012 972
                  Black or African American 420 423 422 402 433 425 434 413
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 22 25 25 29 40 18 12 19
                  White 6,259 6,423 6,352 6,465 6,636 6,882 7,101 7,055
                  More than one racec 10 10 10 19 62 134 124 173
               Unknown ethnicity and race 714 837 821 741 714 796 684 737
            Temporary visa holders 6,822 6,903 6,725 7,299 7,602 7,840 8,354 8,982
         Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studiesa ne ne 2,398 3,110 3,957 5,063 4,103 3,987
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb ne ne 1,830 2,344 3,087 3,995 3,223 3,042
               Hispanic or Latino ne ne 110 167 190 349 286 265
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native ne ne 23 34 33 34 34 30
                  Asianc ne ne 110 129 170 222 188 173
                  Black or African American ne ne 131 169 233 320 259 205
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc ne ne 8 7 11 5 6 3
                  White ne ne 1,159 1,472 1,904 2,546 2,132 2,031
                  More than one racec ne ne 1 6 9 47 58 63
               Unknown ethnicity and race ne ne 288 360 537 472 260 272
            Temporary visa holders ne ne 568 766 870 1,068 880 945
         Neurosciencea na na 1,530 1,909 2,261 2,682 3,911 4,333
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb na na 1,203 1,544 1,864 2,222 3,283 3,636
               Hispanic or Latino na na 75 96 116 162 252 283
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native na na 7 11 12 10 17 16
                  Asianc na na 132 168 205 223 355 369
                  Black or African American na na 55 60 81 82 125 143
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc na na 4 6 4 5 9 5
                  White na na 865 1,091 1,284 1,579 2,270 2,534
                  More than one racec na na 0 2 7 11 49 77
               Unknown ethnicity and race na na 65 110 155 150 206 209
            Temporary visa holders na na 327 365 397 460 628 697
          Physical sciences 32,841 33,091 32,857 33,254 34,181 34,856 35,643 35,868
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 18,979 19,460 19,288 19,360 19,996 20,511 20,985 21,217
               Hispanic or Latino 1,032 1,061 1,057 1,047 1,105 1,164 1,221 1,228
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 102 91 89 89 96 83 84 89
                  Asianc 1,405 1,576 1,564 1,454 1,512 1,515 1,696 1,705
                  Black or African American 785 772 770 786 800 820 796 772
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 32 36 35 30 45 31 37 27
                  White 14,245 14,544 14,404 14,439 14,904 15,224 15,524 15,736
                  More than one racec 22 24 24 59 74 244 299 364
               Unknown ethnicity and race 1,356 1,356 1,345 1,456 1,460 1,430 1,328 1,296
            Temporary visa holders 13,862 13,631 13,569 13,894 14,185 14,345 14,658 14,651
         Psychologyd 38,994 41,166 40,678 42,103 40,373 38,571 38,548 38,325
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 36,630 38,550 38,134 39,542 37,881 36,058 35,985 35,710
               Hispanic or Latino 3,527 3,670 3,652 3,807 3,451 3,392 3,660 3,582
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 243 246 246 280 256 250 238 241
                  Asianc 1,824 2,009 1,983 2,028 1,919 1,830 1,791 1,797
                  Black or African American 2,986 2,910 2,877 3,423 3,453 3,414 3,326 3,286
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 75 104 106 83 77 83 72 68
                  White 24,420 25,701 25,396 25,579 24,906 23,402 23,456 23,218
                  More than one racec 66 66 66 109 244 471 581 764
               Unknown ethnicity and race 3,489 3,844 3,808 4,233 3,575 3,216 2,861 2,754
            Temporary visa holders 2,364 2,616 2,544 2,561 2,492 2,513 2,563 2,615
         Social sciences 65,991 67,984 66,752 68,225 71,569 72,929 73,492 71,883
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 49,409 51,418 50,454 51,322 54,346 55,402 55,341 52,900
               Hispanic or Latino 3,801 3,958 3,902 3,793 4,256 4,405 4,509 4,638
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 447 487 476 548 551 477 487 447
                  Asianc 2,987 3,185 3,120 2,965 3,248 3,300 3,410 3,396
                  Black or African American 4,878 4,939 4,834 5,260 5,570 5,664 5,914 5,614
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 163 223 222 209 180 190 192 156
                  White 32,118 32,858 32,254 32,752 34,390 35,096 35,186 33,426
                  More than one racec 148 153 152 278 434 971 1,186 1,363
               Unknown ethnicity and race 4,867 5,615 5,494 5,517 5,717 5,299 4,457 3,860
            Temporary visa holders 16,582 16,566 16,298 16,903 17,223 17,527 18,151 18,983
      Engineering 87,818 93,155 94,313 98,255 104,937 109,792 108,153 109,589
         U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 40,334 42,176 42,846 44,549 48,645 52,273 49,419 47,361
            Hispanic or Latino 2,526 2,642 2,673 2,692 3,102 3,526 3,628 3,615
            Not Hispanic or Latino                
               American Indian or Alaska Native 186 178 182 213 209 207 197 164
               Asianc 5,337 5,701 5,759 5,822 6,149 6,755 6,629 6,397
               Black or African American 2,140 2,169 2,220 2,283 2,372 2,469 2,281 2,090
               Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 72 123 126 99 90 102 103 79
               White 25,991 27,085 27,550 29,097 31,919 34,030 31,876 30,694
               More than one racec 43 38 39 86 263 773 916 1,054
            Unknown ethnicity and race 4,039 4,240 4,297 4,257 4,541 4,411 3,789 3,268
         Temporary visa holders 47,484 50,979 51,467 53,706 56,292 57,519 58,734 62,228
         Aerospace engineering 3,374 3,482 3,482 3,691 3,974 4,211 4,251 3,813
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,047 2,116 2,116 2,264 2,454 2,721 2,756 2,507
               Hispanic or Latino 86 95 95 101 119 156 182 169
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 9 9 9 16 11 5 8 8
                  Asianc 203 216 216 233 241 301 295 228
                  Black or African American 49 57 57 83 70 55 58 51
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 1 0 0 3 7 2 5 3
                  White 1,322 1,486 1,486 1,560 1,697 1,877 1,923 1,785
                  More than one racec 0 1 1 1 18 40 43 47
               Unknown ethnicity and race 377 252 252 267 291 285 242 216
            Temporary visa holders 1,327 1,366 1,366 1,427 1,520 1,490 1,495 1,306
         Agricultural engineering 893 917 917 1,022 1,084 1,198 1,372 1,254
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 388 401 401 425 483 491 556 504
               Hispanic or Latino 13 9 9 17 22 22 27 29
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 3 1 1 0 0 3 2 2
                  Asianc 29 22 22 22 18 26 38 39
                  Black or African American 20 18 18 17 28 29 36 27
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 1 2 2 0 1 0 1 1
                  White 307 322 322 351 386 373 423 367
                  More than one racec 1 2 2 0 1 5 8 13
               Unknown ethnicity and race 14 25 25 18 27 33 21 26
            Temporary visa holders 505 516 516 597 601 707 816 750
         Architecturea na na 4,097 5,211 6,112 6,079 2,772 2,045
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb na na 3,259 4,230 4,996 4,916 2,049 1,371
               Hispanic or Latino na na 184 332 404 376 224 128
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native na na 15 32 32 35 14 8
                  Asianc na na 210 267 291 321 143 86
                  Black or African American na na 172 217 230 211 110 112
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc na na 4 6 5 7 3 2
                  White na na 2,382 3,008 3,546 3,509 1,338 936
                  More than one racec na na 1 10 31 88 51 32
               Unknown ethnicity and race na na 291 358 457 369 166 67
            Temporary visa holders na na 838 981 1,116 1,163 723 674
         Biomedical engineering 5,666 5,898 5,921 6,262 6,859 7,418 7,931 7,978
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 3,718 3,880 3,897 4,087 4,485 5,004 5,408 5,408
               Hispanic or Latino 199 219 219 183 244 270 313 364
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 17 18 18 19 17 13 15 15
                  Asianc 751 823 824 806 956 1,052 1,245 1,196
                  Black or African American 184 178 178 182 202 197 222 224
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 13 12 12 20 14 13 12 9
                  White 2,270 2,249 2,265 2,504 2,700 3,046 3,187 3,158
                  More than one racec 9 8 8 11 38 73 102 126
               Unknown ethnicity and race 275 373 373 362 314 340 312 316
            Temporary visa holders 1,948 2,018 2,024 2,175 2,374 2,414 2,523 2,570
         Chemical engineering 6,218 6,275 6,459 6,762 7,110 7,516 7,639 8,059
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,977 2,925 3,011 3,079 3,304 3,504 3,603 3,699
               Hispanic or Latino 223 207 207 191 189 230 242 250
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 16 13 13 13 13 17 12 12
                  Asianc 400 364 374 399 440 494 515 521
                  Black or African American 120 119 124 119 128 126 123 138
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 7 15 15 2 2 11 20 7
                  White 2,064 2,051 2,122 2,170 2,315 2,346 2,438 2,527
                  More than one racec 3 1 1 9 11 34 49 61
               Unknown ethnicity and race 144 155 155 176 206 246 204 183
            Temporary visa holders 3,241 3,350 3,448 3,683 3,806 4,012 4,036 4,360
         Civil engineeringa 13,074 14,691 11,336 11,909 13,503 14,191 14,363 14,580
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 7,520 8,863 6,175 6,378 7,543 7,989 7,809 7,518
               Hispanic or Latino 618 668 515 456 561 689 683 720
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 43 52 40 32 34 32 43 30
                  Asianc 570 689 519 545 694 783 765 683
                  Black or African American 308 409 286 266 313 341 299 299
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 10 16 15 10 14 22 21 12
                  White 5,337 6,275 4,288 4,524 5,083 5,317 5,285 5,030
                  More than one racec 4 5 5 12 37 232 263 290
               Unknown ethnicity and race 630 749 507 533 807 573 450 454
            Temporary visa holders 5,554 5,828 5,161 5,531 5,960 6,202 6,554 7,062
         Electrical engineering 27,379 28,934 29,076 29,212 29,282 29,977 30,735 31,526
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 8,696 8,421 8,448 8,486 8,362 8,904 8,802 8,278
               Hispanic or Latino 539 522 522 507 530 638 648 639
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 28 29 30 33 33 32 34 30
                  Asianc 1,823 1,623 1,625 1,666 1,656 1,677 1,620 1,577
                  Black or African American 497 467 470 468 481 532 500 391
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 8 40 40 25 14 15 9 10
                  White 4,785 4,777 4,798 4,674 4,737 5,016 4,903 4,758
                  More than one racec 15 11 11 13 38 102 128 140
               Unknown ethnicity and race 1,001 952 952 1,100 873 892 960 733
            Temporary visa holders 18,683 20,513 20,628 20,726 20,920 21,073 21,933 23,248
         Engineering science 1,656 1,454 1,432 1,486 1,490 1,502 1,574 1,705
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 861 763 743 784 754 773 783 845
               Hispanic or Latino 30 23 22 33 38 44 42 46
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 7 6 5 4 4 1 0 2
                  Asianc 123 128 117 109 95 108 88 96
                  Black or African American 34 23 23 24 24 26 28 22
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 1 2 2 3 0 0 1 1
                  White 600 524 522 532 502 502 528 547
                  More than one racec 3 1 1 1 4 13 17 18
               Unknown ethnicity and race 63 56 51 78 87 79 79 113
            Temporary visa holders 795 691 689 702 736 729 791 860
         Industrial engineering 6,421 7,036 7,422 8,216 8,362 8,371 8,251 8,115
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,796 2,657 2,882 3,144 3,251 3,314 3,253 2,902
               Hispanic or Latino 211 199 209 221 248 266 303 260
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 22 8 10 12 16 13 13 12
                  Asianc 327 354 403 363 341 381 353 360
                  Black or African American 276 270 271 348 322 270 243 217
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 7 3 4 1 9 4 3 2
                  White 1,511 1,400 1,487 1,779 1,836 1,819 1,876 1,757
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 7 27 27 45 55
               Unknown ethnicity and race 442 423 498 413 452 534 417 239
            Temporary visa holders 3,625 4,379 4,540 5,072 5,111 5,057 4,998 5,213
         Mechanical engineering 12,666 13,170 13,160 13,763 15,609 16,625 16,084 17,000
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 6,026 6,411 6,404 6,567 7,462 8,273 7,934 7,916
               Hispanic or Latino 371 417 417 402 447 502 579 605
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 23 25 25 24 28 32 31 27
                  Asianc 559 848 849 798 775 890 871 914
                  Black or African American 283 261 260 250 272 310 303 261
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 20 9 9 15 13 15 15 13
                  White 4,332 4,352 4,345 4,518 5,286 5,850 5,541 5,448
                  More than one racec 4 5 5 8 32 93 110 162
               Unknown ethnicity and race 434 494 494 552 609 581 484 486
            Temporary visa holders 6,640 6,759 6,756 7,196 8,147 8,352 8,150 9,084
         Metallurgical and materials engineering 4,627 4,667 4,613 4,811 5,181 5,551 5,877 6,126
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,237 2,257 2,235 2,302 2,475 2,660 2,714 2,798
               Hispanic or Latino 83 95 96 94 126 140 177 200
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 6 8 8 12 9 9 8 7
                  Asianc 289 282 279 300 309 353 349 357
                  Black or African American 114 114 110 98 85 102 104 107
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 1 9 9 5 1 2 6 17
                  White 1,592 1,583 1,558 1,635 1,780 1,873 1,866 1,901
                  More than one racec 3 2 2 7 14 30 38 47
               Unknown ethnicity and race 149 164 173 151 151 151 166 162
            Temporary visa holders 2,390 2,410 2,378 2,509 2,706 2,891 3,163 3,328
         Mining engineering 181 209 142 207 212 361 414 241
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 78 104 65 93 110 146 143 111
               Hispanic or Latino 3 5 3 7 9 4 5 4
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 1 0 0 2 1 1 0 0
                  Asianc 0 6 5 7 8 4 4 3
                  Black or African American 2 5 0 3 7 11 6 3
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  White 64 83 53 72 82 114 117 86
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 4
               Unknown ethnicity and race 8 5 4 2 3 10 10 11
            Temporary visa holders 103 105 77 114 102 215 271 130
         Nuclear engineering 910 960 951 941 968 1,123 1,165 1,162
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 610 706 704 691 702 846 882 864
               Hispanic or Latino 36 35 35 36 32 43 37 48
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 3
                  Asianc 31 42 42 41 45 59 59 39
                  Black or African American 15 15 15 19 16 13 12 8
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 0 5 1 2 2 1
                  White 478 516 514 536 541 638 682 664
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 1 0 12 21 16
               Unknown ethnicity and race 48 96 96 50 64 76 65 85
            Temporary visa holders 300 254 247 250 266 277 283 298
         Petroleum engineering 647 792 792 828 993 1,063 1,064 1,289
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 104 135 135 113 139 184 179 245
               Hispanic or Latino 10 10 10 6 9 12 12 19
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
                  Asianc 10 11 11 8 14 29 23 32
                  Black or African American 14 29 29 19 12 19 21 30
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  White 57 72 72 72 100 113 110 150
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0
               Unknown ethnicity and race 13 13 13 8 4 9 12 13
            Temporary visa holders 543 657 657 715 854 879 885 1,044
         Engineering nec 4,106 4,670 4,513 3,934 4,198 4,606 4,661 4,696
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,276 2,537 2,371 1,906 2,125 2,548 2,548 2,395
               Hispanic or Latino 104 138 130 106 124 134 154 134
               Not Hispanic or Latino                
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 9 7 6 11 8 11 13 7
                  Asianc 222 293 263 258 266 277 261 266
                  Black or African American 224 204 207 170 182 227 216 200
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 3 15 14 4 9 9 5 1
                  White 1,272 1,395 1,336 1,162 1,328 1,637 1,659 1,580
                  More than one racec 1 2 2 6 12 20 39 43
               Unknown ethnicity and race 441 483 413 189 196 233 201 164
            Temporary visa holders 1,830 2,133 2,142 2,028 2,073 2,058 2,113 2,301
   Healtha, d 69,213 67,884 65,823 66,053 57,617 52,078 46,124 45,114
      U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 62,346 61,213 59,397 59,221 50,689 45,604 39,991 39,020
         Hispanic or Latino 4,060 3,997 3,886 3,688 3,440 3,198 2,906 3,065
         Not Hispanic or Latino                
            American Indian or Alaska Native 335 389 382 407 312 243 209 179
            Asianc 5,066 4,711 4,544 4,187 3,778 3,518 3,072 3,009
            Black or African American 5,078 4,622 4,550 5,064 4,583 4,417 4,330 4,301
            Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 176 216 183 191 131 163 235 178
            White 43,368 42,581 41,499 40,690 34,466 30,429 26,013 25,062
            More than one racec 90 69 67 159 242 600 580 837
         Unknown ethnicity and race 4,173 4,628 4,286 4,835 3,737 3,036 2,646 2,389
      Temporary visa holders 6,867 6,671 6,426 6,832 6,928 6,474 6,133 6,094

na = not applicable; data were not collected at this level of detail. ne = not eligible; data were not collected for this field prior to 2007.
nec = not elsewhere classified.
a In 2007, eligible fields were reclassified, newly eligible fields were added, and the survey was redesigned to improve coverage and coding of eligible units. “2007new” presents data as collected in 2007; “2007old” shows data as they would have been collected in prior years. The science fields Communication and Family and consumer sciences and human sciences were newly eligible in 2007; data for these two fields begin in 2007new. The science field Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies was also added to the code list in 2007; some data reported in this field were reported under other fields before 2007 and are included in those fields in 2007old. Neuroscience is reported as a separate field of science in 2007new; data were reported under health field Neurology in 2007old and previous years. Architecture is reported as a separate field of engineering in 2007new; data were reported under Civil engineering in 2007old and previous years. See appendix A in http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf10307/ for more detail.
b Ethnicity and race data are available only for U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
c Reporting of ethnicity and race in 2008–12 has been affected by changes in the reporting of ethnicity and race in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). Starting in 2008, IPEDS respondents were asked to use a new classification that included a category for two or more races (see http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/reic/resource.asp) and separate reporting of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders from Asians. The new classification was optional in 2008 and 2009 IPEDS but mandatory beginning in 2010 and may have contributed to a significant increase in the reporting of Not Hispanic or Latino, More than one race.
d Beginning with 2008, more rigorous follow-up was done with institutions regarding the exclusion of practitioner-oriented graduate degree programs in Psychology and in Other health (a subfield of health). This change may affect interpretation of trends in these fields.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF-NIH Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering.
Data from survey cycle Fall 2012, as of December 2013.