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NCSES GSS 2012 GSS2012 22 SAS Output
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Table 22. Female graduate students in science, engineering, and health in all institutions, by detailed field, citizenship, ethnicity, and race: 2012

  U.S. citizens and permanent residentsa  
  Not Hispanic or Latino  
Field Total Hispanic or
Latino
American
Indian or
Alaska Native
Asianb Black or
African
American
Native Hawaiian
or Other Pacific
Islanderb
White More than
one raceb
Unknown
ethnicity
and race
Temporary
visa holders
All surveyed fields 291,056 19,440 1,440 17,916 24,401 677 140,494 4,760 15,669 66,259
   Science and engineering 242,548 16,133 1,212 14,796 19,009 471 112,255 3,865 12,766 62,041
      Science 207,997 14,617 1,132 12,171 17,880 440 102,266 3,471 11,525 44,495
         Agricultural sciences 8,229 452 63 227 281 16 4,976 104 337 1,773
         Biological sciences 43,206 2,642 172 3,765 2,495 91 21,648 620 1,991 9,782
            Anatomy 353 23 2 22 23 0 192 4 21 66
            Biochemistry 2,574 130 11 233 106 6 1,004 32 130 922
            Biology 9,096 654 33 600 561 15 4,736 147 436 1,914
            Biometry and epidemiology 4,549 212 12 595 342 19 1,963 97 218 1,091
            Biophysics 344 16 1 35 9 0 153 5 9 116
            Botany 913 41 4 45 10 1 429 20 31 332
            Cell biology 3,702 212 9 353 150 11 1,627 55 152 1,133
            Ecology 913 44 6 29 6 2 639 12 66 109
            Entomology and parasitology 571 24 3 21 7 0 352 10 24 130
            Genetics 1,356 65 11 100 58 5 741 8 45 323
            Microbiology, immunology, and virology 2,826 202 23 244 154 0 1,480 36 111 576
            Nutrition 4,348 252 14 346 225 6 2,643 59 168 635
            Pathology 722 39 2 48 42 2 401 3 29 156
            Pharmacology 1,733 84 5 166 153 7 753 19 62 484
            Physiology 1,515 77 6 156 95 3 747 22 49 360
            Zoology 654 16 2 21 9 2 482 16 40 66
            Biological sciences nec 7,037 551 28 751 545 12 3,306 75 400 1,369
         Communication 7,168 491 28 244 732 17 3,882 154 346 1,274
         Computer sciences 13,223 372 34 1,020 748 14 3,040 118 568 7,309
         Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 7,386 381 38 224 147 9 4,714 140 407 1,326
            Atmospheric sciences 509 28 2 12 10 0 290 3 13 151
            Geosciences 3,679 169 27 93 54 3 2,329 88 200 716
            Oceanography 1,481 101 4 50 15 1 1,014 24 70 202
            Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences nec 1,717 83 5 69 68 5 1,081 25 124 257
         Family and consumer sciences and human sciences 3,385 235 13 118 525 11 1,981 54 99 349
         Mathematical sciences 8,618 294 5 630 277 12 3,253 76 340 3,731
            Mathematics and applied mathematics 6,028 246 5 404 225 10 2,653 65 260 2,160
            Statistics 2,590 48 0 226 52 2 600 11 80 1,571
         Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies 3,067 258 28 136 255 8 1,571 61 272 478
         Neuroscience 2,371 167 9 210 94 4 1,361 38 114 374
         Physical sciences 13,216 532 35 801 495 14 5,385 165 490 5,299
            Astronomy 423 6 1 24 2 0 244 9 28 109
            Chemistry 9,575 448 25 629 424 10 3,878 121 347 3,693
            Physics 2,992 69 7 140 49 4 1,146 29 105 1,443
            Physical sciences nec 226 9 2 8 20 0 117 6 10 54
         Psychologyc 40,585 4,111 260 1,900 4,491 87 23,710 762 3,003 2,261
            Clinical psychology 7,792 1,010 58 476 596 26 4,570 114 686 256
            Psychology, general 12,338 1,084 82 571 1,738 20 6,975 292 915 661
            Psychology nec 20,455 2,017 120 853 2,157 41 12,165 356 1,402 1,344
         Social sciences 57,543 4,682 447 2,896 7,340 157 26,745 1,179 3,558 10,539
            Agricultural economics 888 28 2 52 24 1 308 11 28 434
            Anthropology (cultural and social) 5,287 381 73 168 159 11 3,345 156 435 559
            Economics (except agricultural) 5,560 126 8 292 171 6 1,305 52 188 3,412
            Geography 2,150 101 22 82 71 2 1,316 35 127 394
            History and philosophy of science 243 11 1 3 6 2 159 4 14 43
            Linguistics 1,974 139 17 140 46 0 842 31 120 639
            Political science 25,811 2,220 167 1,451 4,389 68 11,888 494 1,838 3,296
            Sociology 5,634 544 38 253 731 10 2,918 145 259 736
            Sociology and anthropology 185 19 1 3 50 0 90 1 17 4
            Social sciences nec 9,811 1,113 118 452 1,693 57 4,574 250 532 1,022
      Engineering 34,551 1,516 80 2,625 1,129 31 9,989 394 1,241 17,546
         Aerospace engineering 705 54 2 64 16 2 332 12 41 182
         Agricultural engineering 590 12 1 16 14 1 165 7 11 363
         Architecture 1,116 59 5 58 60 1 493 19 45 376
         Biomedical engineering 3,503 169 7 511 126 2 1,325 52 136 1,175
         Chemical engineering 2,937 101 7 223 69 2 797 22 78 1,638
         Civil engineering 5,805 391 18 375 166 5 2,203 108 228 2,311
         Electrical engineering 7,773 166 15 528 129 5 865 35 199 5,831
         Engineering science 452 16 0 25 8 1 131 6 42 223
         Industrial engineering 3,699 174 9 216 230 2 990 29 209 1,840
         Mechanical engineering 3,465 180 5 276 98 4 1,178 58 124 1,542
         Metallurgical and materials engineering 1,977 79 3 145 47 5 575 18 55 1,050
         Mining engineering 61 0 0 0 0 0 23 2 4 32
         Nuclear engineering 225 7 0 15 7 0 126 6 12 52
         Petroleum engineering 287 7 0 14 9 0 32 0 2 223
         Engineering nec 1,956 101 8 159 150 1 754 20 55 708
   Health 48,508 3,307 228 3,120 5,392 206 28,239 895 2,903 4,218
      Clinical medicine 18,838 1,442 115 1,716 3,493 56 8,748 397 1,227 1,644
         Anesthesiology 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Cardiology 17 0 0 0 1 0 7 0 0 9
         Endocrinology 31 3 0 2 6 1 11 0 2 6
         Gastroenterology 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
         Hematology 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
         Neurology 89 5 0 11 6 1 49 0 4 13
         Obstetrics and gynecology 70 2 1 13 6 0 35 0 1 12
         Oncology and cancer research 142 3 1 8 9 0 77 3 6 35
         Ophthalmology 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
         Otorhinolaryngology 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
         Pediatrics 75 3 0 2 2 0 39 2 7 20
         Preventive medicine and community health 17,084 1,355 109 1,516 3,319 52 7,826 374 1,134 1,399
         Psychiatry 87 2 0 7 37 0 35 0 0 6
         Pulmonary disease 5 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 0
         Radiology 105 2 0 8 2 0 59 2 1 31
         Surgery 7 0 0 0 1 0 4 0 1 1
         Clinical medicine nec 1,119 67 4 147 103 2 601 16 71 108
      Other healthc 29,670 1,865 113 1,404 1,899 150 19,491 498 1,676 2,574
         Dental sciences 802 42 2 101 20 3 317 5 39 273
         Nursing 6,666 334 46 329 730 31 4,277 172 499 248
         Pharmaceutical sciences 2,302 87 12 199 145 2 807 5 68 977
         Speech pathology and audiology 13,059 917 31 434 494 82 9,884 182 712 323
         Veterinary sciences 1,129 39 3 33 50 2 671 13 66 252
         Other health nec 5,712 446 19 308 460 30 3,535 121 292 501

nec = not elsewhere classified.
a Ethnicity and race data are available only for U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
b Reporting of ethnicity and race in 2008–12 has been affected by changes in the reporting of ethnicity and race in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). Starting in 2008, IPEDS respondents were asked to use a new classification that included a category for two or more races (see http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/reic/resource.asp) and separate reporting of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders from Asians. The new classification was optional in 2008 and 2009 IPEDS but mandatory beginning in 2010 and may have contributed to a significant increase in the reporting of Not Hispanic or Latino, More than one race.
c Beginning with 2008, more rigorous follow-up was done with institutions regarding the exclusion of practitioner-oriented graduate degree programs in Psychology and in Other health (a subfield of health). This change may affect interpretation of trends in these fields.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF-NIH Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering, 2012.
Data from survey cycle Fall 2012, as of December 2013.