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Table 40. Postdoctoral appointees in science, engineering, and health in all institutions, by detailed field and primary mechanism of support: 2012

Field Total Fellowships Research grants Traineeships Other types
of support
All surveyed fields 62,851 6,702 40,760 4,184 11,205
    Science and engineering 43,841 4,324 30,734 1,770 7,013
        Science 36,738 3,888 25,121 1,693 6,036
            Agricultural sciences 1,290 61 935 15 279
            Biological sciences 20,086 2,033 13,528 1,198 3,327
                Anatomy 287 27 226 6 28
                Biochemistry 2,232 154 1,569 82 427
                Biology 2,268 321 1,589 68 290
                Biometry and epidemiology 536 54 276 112 94
                Biophysics 185 17 111 4 53
                Botany 596 17 414 4 161
                Cell biology 2,574 446 1,590 128 410
                Ecology 205 22 129 18 36
                Entomology and parasitology 266 19 201 3 43
                Genetics 1,407 136 914 91 266
                Microbiology, immunology, and virology 2,437 218 1,619 205 395
                Nutrition 224 16 161 20 27
                Pathology 1,582 186 933 107 356
                Pharmacology 1,383 133 920 138 192
                Physiology 1,399 117 915 139 228
                Zoology 87 11 64 0 12
                Biological sciences nec 2,418 139 1,897 73 309
            Communicationa 58 19 31 0 8
            Computer sciences 760 65 605 2 88
            Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 1,956 311 1,348 25 272
                Atmospheric sciences 209 31 136 0 42
                Geosciences 637 107 387 19 124
                Oceanography 446 76 333 6 31
                Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences nec 664 97 492 0 75
            Family and consumer sciences and human sciencesa 58 10 26 4 18
            Mathematical sciences 902 131 376 107 288
                Mathematics and applied mathematics 782 108 305 96 273
                Statistics 120 23 71 11 15
            Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studiesa 742 96 491 55 100
            Neurosciencea 1,525 182 959 113 271
            Physical sciences 7,430 658 5,734 52 986
                Astronomy 509 79 389 1 40
                Chemistry 4,016 413 2,991 36 576
                Physics 2,651 159 2,131 15 346
                Physical sciences nec 254 7 223 0 24
            Psychology 1,132 169 733 85 145
                Clinical psychology 104 45 28 3 28
                Psychology, general 613 63 411 53 86
                Psychology nec 415 61 294 29 31
            Social sciences 799 153 355 37 254
                Agricultural economics 60 6 42 0 12
                Anthropology (cultural and social) 96 21 35 1 39
                Economics (except agricultural) 50 16 17 0 17
                Geography 69 5 52 0 12
                History and philosophy of science 14 6 0 0 8
                Linguistics 31 5 17 4 5
                Political science 176 18 74 12 72
                Sociology 97 26 25 17 29
                Sociology and anthropology 2 0 0 0 2
                Social sciences nec 204 50 93 3 58
        Engineering 7,103 436 5,613 77 977
            Aerospace engineering 170 13 121 0 36
            Agricultural engineering 133 0 104 0 29
            Architecturea 6 0 5 0 1
            Biomedical engineering 1,161 99 895 35 132
            Chemical engineering 1,098 59 854 17 168
            Civil engineeringa 590 39 442 0 109
            Electrical engineering 1,152 93 919 3 137
            Engineering science 292 37 242 0 13
            Industrial engineering 127 4 84 10 29
            Mechanical engineering 985 55 787 4 139
            Metallurgical and materials engineering 854 25 703 7 119
            Mining engineering 5 0 3 0 2
            Nuclear engineering 120 4 100 0 16
            Petroleum engineering 53 0 50 0 3
            Engineering nec 357 8 304 1 44
    Health 19,010 2,378 10,026 2,414 4,192
        Clinical medicine 16,361 2,111 8,402 2,136 3,712
            Anesthesiology 436 48 273 41 74
            Cardiology 787 139 370 163 115
            Endocrinology 473 80 206 79 108
            Gastroenterology 319 32 157 51 79
            Hematology 367 66 160 49 92
            Neurologya 952 123 540 96 193
            Obstetrics and gynecology 307 47 128 22 110
            Oncology and cancer research 1,923 203 1,029 148 543
            Ophthalmology 518 37 344 30 107
            Otorhinolaryngology 144 13 84 22 25
            Pediatrics 1,583 327 740 149 367
            Preventive medicine and community health 730 88 358 141 143
            Psychiatry 1,089 122 496 220 251
            Pulmonary disease 279 70 101 51 57
            Radiology 979 151 542 89 197
            Surgery 1,373 128 592 144 509
            Clinical medicine nec 4,102 437 2,282 641 742
        Other health 2,649 267 1,624 278 480
            Dental sciences 343 19 202 45 77
            Nursing 76 17 28 17 14
            Pharmaceutical sciences 982 115 629 91 147
            Speech pathology and audiology 59 1 43 9 6
            Veterinary sciences 534 69 263 41 161
            Other health nec 655 46 459 75 75

nec = not elsewhere classified.
a In 2007, eligible fields were reclassified, newly eligible fields were added, and the survey was redesigned to improve coverage and coding of eligible units. “2007new” presents data as collected in 2007; “2007old” shows data as they would have been collected in prior years. The science fields Communication and Family and consumer sciences and human sciences were newly eligible in 2007; data for these two fields begin in 2007new. The science field Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies was also added to the code list in 2007; some data reported in this field were reported under other fields before 2007 and are included in those fields in 2007old. Neuroscience is reported as a separate field of science in 2007new; data were reported under health field Neurology in 2007old and previous years. Architecture is reported as a separate field of engineering in 2007new; data were reported under Civil engineering in 2007old and previous years. See appendix A in http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf10307/ for more detail.
NOTES: “Field” refers to the field of the unit that reports postdocs to the GSS.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF-NIH Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering, 2012.
Data from survey cycle Fall 2012, as of December 2013.