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NCSES GSS 2012 GSS2012 48 SAS Output
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Table 48. Postdoctoral appointees in science, engineering, and health in all institutions, by detailed field and origin of doctoral degree: 2012

Field Total United Statesa Foreign country Degree origin
unknown
All surveyed fields 62,851 23,248 18,159 21,444
   Science and engineering 43,841 16,326 12,350 15,165
      Science 36,738 13,910 10,660 12,168
         Agricultural sciences 1,290 482 206 602
         Biological sciences 20,086 7,210 6,470 6,406
            Anatomy 287 100 101 86
            Biochemistry 2,232 795 698 739
            Biology 2,268 1,055 733 480
            Biometry and epidemiology 536 236 99 201
            Biophysics 185 100 69 16
            Botany 596 130 103 363
            Cell biology 2,574 794 793 987
            Ecology 205 88 16 101
            Entomology and parasitology 266 130 48 88
            Genetics 1,407 496 452 459
            Microbiology, immunology, and virology 2,437 879 836 722
            Nutrition 224 85 32 107
            Pathology 1,582 509 609 464
            Pharmacology 1,383 555 524 304
            Physiology 1,399 500 452 447
            Zoology 87 36 13 38
            Biological sciences nec 2,418 722 892 804
         Communicationb 58 22 12 24
         Computer sciences 760 305 205 250
         Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 1,956 795 508 653
            Atmospheric sciences 209 79 64 66
            Geosciences 637 257 194 186
            Oceanography 446 280 124 42
            Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences nec 664 179 126 359
         Family and consumer sciences and human sciencesb 58 32 2 24
         Mathematical sciences 902 480 167 255
            Mathematics and applied mathematics 782 425 142 215
            Statistics 120 55 25 40
         Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studiesb 742 261 112 369
         Neuroscienceb 1,525 550 472 503
         Physical sciences 7,430 2,678 2,183 2,569
            Astronomy 509 173 137 199
            Chemistry 4,016 1,421 1,264 1,331
            Physics 2,651 1,039 752 860
            Physical sciences nec 254 45 30 179
         Psychology 1,132 672 211 249
            Clinical psychology 104 79 9 16
            Psychology, general 613 340 121 152
            Psychology nec 415 253 81 81
         Social sciences 799 423 112 264
            Agricultural economics 60 26 4 30
            Anthropology (cultural and social) 96 46 16 34
            Economics (except agricultural) 50 24 12 14
            Geography 69 31 16 22
            History and philosophy of science 14 2 6 6
            Linguistics 31 19 3 9
            Political science 176 103 20 53
            Sociology 97 65 10 22
            Sociology and anthropology 2 2 0 0
            Social sciences nec 204 105 25 74
      Engineering 7,103 2,416 1,690 2,997
         Aerospace engineering 170 66 29 75
         Agricultural engineering 133 49 40 44
         Architectureb 6 1 1 4
         Biomedical engineering 1,161 446 256 459
         Chemical engineering 1,098 349 257 492
         Civil engineeringb 590 235 121 234
         Electrical engineering 1,152 352 291 509
         Engineering science 292 128 95 69
         Industrial engineering 127 47 21 59
         Mechanical engineering 985 326 242 417
         Metallurgical and materials engineering 854 240 216 398
         Mining engineering 5 0 4 1
         Nuclear engineering 120 51 29 40
         Petroleum engineering 53 19 24 10
         Engineering nec 357 107 64 186
   Health 19,010 6,922 5,809 6,279
      Clinical medicine 16,361 5,991 5,218 5,152
         Anesthesiology 436 134 140 162
         Cardiology 787 263 334 190
         Endocrinology 473 202 232 39
         Gastroenterology 319 129 138 52
         Hematology 367 114 109 144
         Neurologyb 952 314 303 335
         Obstetrics and gynecology 307 113 107 87
         Oncology and cancer research 1,923 687 677 559
         Ophthalmology 518 156 247 115
         Otorhinolaryngology 144 48 74 22
         Pediatrics 1,583 733 501 349
         Preventive medicine and community health 730 317 124 289
         Psychiatry 1,089 543 220 326
         Pulmonary disease 279 153 79 47
         Radiology 979 314 316 349
         Surgery 1,373 421 443 509
         Clinical medicine nec 4,102 1,350 1,174 1,578
      Other health 2,649 931 591 1,127
         Dental sciences 343 97 108 138
         Nursing 76 51 2 23
         Pharmaceutical sciences 982 342 270 370
         Speech pathology and audiology 59 23 5 31
         Veterinary sciences 534 191 88 255
         Other health nec 655 227 118 310

nec = not elsewhere classified.
a United States includes Puerto Rico and U.S. territories.
b In 2007, eligible fields were reclassified, newly eligible fields were added, and the survey was redesigned to improve coverage and coding of eligible units. “2007new” presents data as collected in 2007; “2007old” shows data as they would have been collected in prior years. The science fields Communication and Family and consumer sciences and human sciences were newly eligible in 2007; data for these two fields begin in 2007new. The science field Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies was also added to the code list in 2007; some data reported in this field were reported under other fields before 2007 and are included in those fields in 2007old. Neuroscience is reported as a separate field of science in 2007new; data were reported under health field Neurology in 2007old and previous years. Architecture is reported as a separate field of engineering in 2007new; data were reported under Civil engineering in 2007old and previous years. See appendix A in http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf10307/ for more detail.
NOTES: “Field” refers to the field of the unit that reports postdocs to the GSS.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF-NIH Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering, 2012.
Data from survey cycle Fall 2012, as of December 2013.