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Table 13. Graduate students in science, engineering, and health in all institutions, by field, citizenship, ethnicity, and race: 2007–13
Field, citizenship, ethnicity, and race 2007a 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
All surveyed fields 619,499 631,489 631,645 632,652 626,820 627,243 633,010
   U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 460,294 463,450 459,648 458,492 450,523 443,697 436,296
      Hispanic or Latino 31,700 31,648 32,336 33,375 35,028 35,858 37,283
      Not Hispanic or Latino              
         American Indian or Alaska Native 2,862 3,286 3,042 2,884 2,741 2,507 2,517
         Asianc 37,297 36,579 37,310 37,228 37,516 37,119 37,137
         Black or African American 35,923 37,047 37,349 38,199 38,902 38,340 37,197
         Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 1,485 1,426 1,350 1,354 1,318 1,176 1,037
         White 306,001 306,989 302,677 299,993 293,640 287,786 281,354
         More than one racec 667 1,556 2,645 5,816 6,899 8,714 9,160
      Unknown ethnicity and race 44,359 44,919 42,939 39,643 34,479 32,197 30,611
   Temporary visa holders 159,205 168,039 171,997 174,160 176,297 183,546 196,714
   Science and engineering 516,199 529,275 545,685 556,532 560,941 561,418 570,300
      U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 365,091 369,781 382,342 390,403 392,160 385,343 381,225
         Hispanic or Latino 25,739 26,098 27,265 28,609 30,808 31,406 32,819
         Not Hispanic or Latino              
            American Indian or Alaska Native 2,262 2,618 2,549 2,500 2,392 2,188 2,198
            Asianc 30,697 30,356 31,754 32,185 33,147 32,700 32,917
            Black or African American 27,637 28,680 29,973 31,094 32,197 31,338 30,911
            Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 1,200 1,121 1,125 1,088 1,008 920 882
            White 240,204 242,623 250,443 255,256 256,096 250,783 246,518
            More than one racec 551 1,319 2,300 4,989 6,103 7,578 8,015
         Unknown ethnicity and race 36,801 36,966 36,933 34,682 30,409 28,430 26,965
      Temporary visa holders 151,108 159,494 163,343 166,129 168,781 176,075 189,075
      Science 384,523 391,419 401,008 407,291 414,440 413,033 417,251
         U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 293,792 295,530 303,700 308,108 312,846 308,042 305,563
            Hispanic or Latino 21,176 21,382 22,047 22,969 24,889 25,371 26,585
            Not Hispanic or Latino              
               American Indian or Alaska Native 1,972 2,272 2,205 2,171 2,075 1,910 1,939
               Asianc 21,261 20,808 21,976 21,915 23,000 22,878 23,108
               Black or African American 23,862 24,694 25,801 26,914 28,129 27,414 27,199
               Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 998 965 976 914 842 781 752
               White 194,875 195,037 200,047 202,386 205,437 201,326 198,105
               More than one racec 464 1,147 1,950 3,987 4,865 6,071 6,575
            Unknown ethnicity and race 29,184 29,225 28,698 26,852 23,609 22,291 21,300
         Temporary visa holders 90,731 95,889 97,308 99,183 101,594 104,991 111,688
         Agricultural sciences 13,528 14,153 15,200 15,656 16,129 16,234 16,429
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 10,631 11,047 11,938 12,416 12,702 12,676 12,773
               Hispanic or Latino 604 611 749 770 809 824 854
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 88 130 134 146 97 96 105
                  Asianc 320 352 366 340 364 381 417
                  Black or African American 434 470 406 482 499 491 485
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 20 32 33 37 27 26 26
                  White 8,572 8,725 9,421 9,867 10,142 10,031 10,026
                  More than one racec 15 53 66 109 141 193 235
               Unknown ethnicity and race 578 674 763 665 623 634 625
            Temporary visa holders 2,897 3,106 3,262 3,240 3,427 3,558 3,656
         Biological sciences 71,932 72,666 73,304 74,928 75,423 76,447 76,649
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 55,305 55,112 55,955 57,497 57,905 58,782 59,083
               Hispanic or Latino 3,474 3,498 3,719 3,970 4,224 4,463 4,698
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 302 335 330 361 330 314 315
                  Asianc 5,802 5,513 5,878 6,105 6,519 6,624 6,527
                  Black or African American 3,320 3,394 3,575 3,653 3,591 3,677 3,713
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 311 286 286 242 210 163 180
                  White 37,682 37,585 37,464 38,386 38,585 38,878 38,743
                  More than one racec 81 192 265 635 782 1,020 1,176
               Unknown ethnicity and race 4,333 4,309 4,438 4,145 3,664 3,643 3,731
            Temporary visa holders 16,627 17,554 17,349 17,431 17,518 17,665 17,566
         Communication 7,303 8,444 9,418 9,825 11,029 11,010 11,114
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 6,150 7,049 7,806 8,301 9,386 9,195 9,205
               Hispanic or Latino 386 437 443 563 707 753 843
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 32 50 52 63 60 44 46
                  Asianc 239 289 323 309 363 337 374
                  Black or African American 516 644 688 785 1,015 1,021 931
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 4 16 25 18 19 27 17
                  White 4,400 4,880 5,506 5,848 6,538 6,213 6,278
                  More than one racec 1 23 86 119 151 223 197
               Unknown ethnicity and race 572 710 683 596 533 577 519
            Temporary visa holders 1,153 1,395 1,612 1,524 1,643 1,815 1,909
         Computer sciences 48,246 49,553 51,161 51,546 51,234 51,789 56,339
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 25,441 25,316 26,325 26,170 25,656 24,962 24,191
               Hispanic or Latino 1,170 1,227 1,371 1,455 1,618 1,647 1,681
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 94 130 128 125 101 85 95
                  Asianc 3,685 3,578 3,854 3,543 3,475 3,337 3,547
                  Black or African American 1,834 1,889 2,088 2,228 2,134 2,179 2,169
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 47 40 62 59 45 58 44
                  White 14,811 14,930 15,533 15,604 15,417 14,765 13,972
                  More than one racec 14 48 121 298 363 459 428
               Unknown ethnicity and race 3,786 3,474 3,168 2,858 2,503 2,432 2,255
            Temporary visa holders 22,805 24,237 24,836 25,376 25,578 26,827 32,148
         Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 14,100 14,389 14,839 15,655 15,820 16,069 15,816
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 11,488 11,612 12,082 12,729 12,730 12,863 12,589
               Hispanic or Latino 522 525 585 669 698 737 765
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 80 74 75 102 109 88 70
                  Asianc 372 372 389 402 425 457 480
                  Black or African American 272 301 311 328 321 314 337
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 16 15 26 19 16 14 14
                  White 9,443 9,354 9,651 10,141 10,145 10,138 9,885
                  More than one racec 13 37 55 146 174 255 234
               Unknown ethnicity and race 770 934 990 922 842 860 804
            Temporary visa holders 2,612 2,777 2,757 2,926 3,090 3,206 3,227
         Family and consumer sciences and human sciences 2,780 3,549 3,794 4,191 4,509 4,110 4,014
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,534 3,214 3,452 3,804 4,075 3,673 3,552
               Hispanic or Latino 87 135 158 205 248 270 291
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 23 22 23 26 24 16 23
                  Asianc 90 145 136 147 145 138 148
                  Black or African American 322 397 538 595 687 636 590
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 1 2 9 13 8
                  White 1,870 2,247 2,390 2,548 2,700 2,418 2,252
                  More than one racec 3 9 5 37 46 63 68
               Unknown ethnicity and race 139 259 201 244 216 119 172
            Temporary visa holders 246 335 342 387 434 437 462
         Mathematical sciences 20,975 21,400 22,226 23,136 23,801 24,575 24,804
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 13,432 13,235 13,911 14,521 14,651 14,740 14,362
               Hispanic or Latino 758 710 788 794 892 956 971
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 45 58 47 51 54 35 38
                  Asianc 1,348 1,304 1,389 1,501 1,603 1,568 1,512
                  Black or African American 708 681 730 740 760 755 723
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 39 56 68 34 17 31 23
                  White 9,219 9,154 9,527 9,722 10,031 10,067 9,830
                  More than one racec 15 25 147 248 168 232 281
               Unknown ethnicity and race 1,300 1,247 1,215 1,431 1,126 1,096 984
            Temporary visa holders 7,543 8,165 8,315 8,615 9,150 9,835 10,442
         Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies 4,484 5,559 6,557 7,944 6,537 6,038 5,892
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 3,788 4,653 5,528 6,707 5,495 4,947 4,735
               Hispanic or Latino 253 360 401 617 461 402 393
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 52 55 54 50 43 41 30
                  Asianc 209 243 288 343 286 248 287
                  Black or African American 320 388 480 561 476 381 334
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 15 13 14 8 9 9 11
                  White 2,457 2,959 3,422 4,199 3,579 3,197 3,018
                  More than one racec 1 7 32 72 85 101 105
               Unknown ethnicity and race 481 628 837 857 556 568 557
            Temporary visa holders 696 906 1,029 1,237 1,042 1,091 1,157
         Neuroscience 1,584 2,012 2,356 2,798 4,117 4,547 4,795
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 1,253 1,634 1,949 2,332 3,469 3,810 4,035
               Hispanic or Latino 81 100 118 166 269 297 298
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 7 11 12 10 17 17 21
                  Asianc 137 180 218 244 380 388 454
                  Black or African American 61 67 88 86 132 154 156
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 4 6 4 5 10 5 11
                  White 893 1,153 1,326 1,650 2,385 2,637 2,779
                  More than one racec 0 2 7 13 51 79 93
               Unknown ethnicity and race 70 115 176 158 225 233 223
            Temporary visa holders 331 378 407 466 648 737 760
          Physical sciences 36,824 37,319 38,149 38,973 39,694 39,928 40,019
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 22,417 22,556 23,071 23,652 24,138 24,277 24,426
               Hispanic or Latino 1,264 1,268 1,282 1,364 1,405 1,450 1,548
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 103 111 119 102 104 100 94
                  Asianc 1,833 1,735 1,818 1,785 1,974 2,001 2,104
                  Black or African American 980 1,009 979 1,008 1,003 987 985
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 44 36 53 38 46 36 36
                  White 16,451 16,520 16,933 17,319 17,656 17,691 17,772
                  More than one racec 28 85 90 268 326 428 466
               Unknown ethnicity and race 1,714 1,792 1,797 1,768 1,624 1,584 1,421
            Temporary visa holders 14,407 14,763 15,078 15,321 15,556 15,651 15,593
         Psychologyd 59,617 58,991 56,184 53,419 54,486 54,117 54,102
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 56,574 55,912 53,246 50,332 51,398 51,016 51,042
               Hispanic or Latino 5,506 5,543 5,003 4,859 5,396 5,423 5,793
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 402 398 384 353 356 340 338
                  Asianc 2,741 2,687 2,562 2,429 2,430 2,443 2,430
                  Black or African American 5,100 5,358 5,393 5,442 5,806 5,516 5,545
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 128 123 97 122 119 104 109
                  White 36,519 35,530 34,342 32,043 32,350 32,276 31,962
                  More than one racec 73 173 387 658 808 1,023 1,163
               Unknown ethnicity and race 6,105 6,100 5,078 4,426 4,133 3,891 3,702
            Temporary visa holders 3,043 3,079 2,938 3,087 3,088 3,101 3,060
         Social sciences 103,150 103,384 107,820 109,220 111,661 108,169 107,278
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 84,779 84,190 88,437 89,647 91,241 87,101 85,570
               Hispanic or Latino 7,071 6,968 7,430 7,537 8,162 8,149 8,450
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 744 898 847 782 780 734 764
                  Asianc 4,485 4,410 4,755 4,767 5,036 4,956 4,828
                  Black or African American 9,995 10,096 10,525 11,006 11,705 11,303 11,231
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 370 342 307 330 315 295 273
                  White 52,558 52,000 54,532 55,059 55,909 53,015 51,588
                  More than one racec 220 493 689 1,384 1,770 1,995 2,129
               Unknown ethnicity and race 9,336 8,983 9,352 8,782 7,564 6,654 6,307
            Temporary visa holders 18,371 19,194 19,383 19,573 20,420 21,068 21,708
      Engineering 131,676 137,856 144,677 149,241 146,501 148,385 153,049
         U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 71,299 74,251 78,642 82,295 79,314 77,301 75,662
            Hispanic or Latino 4,563 4,716 5,218 5,640 5,919 6,035 6,234
            Not Hispanic or Latino              
               American Indian or Alaska Native 290 346 344 329 317 278 259
               Asianc 9,436 9,548 9,778 10,270 10,147 9,822 9,809
               Black or African American 3,775 3,986 4,172 4,180 4,068 3,924 3,712
               Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 202 156 149 174 166 139 130
               White 45,329 47,586 50,396 52,870 50,659 49,457 48,413
               More than one racec 87 172 350 1,002 1,238 1,507 1,440
            Unknown ethnicity and race 7,617 7,741 8,235 7,830 6,800 6,139 5,665
         Temporary visa holders 60,377 63,605 66,035 66,946 67,187 71,084 77,387
         Aerospace engineering 4,616 4,902 5,266 5,540 5,691 5,069 5,181
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 3,090 3,311 3,605 3,893 4,045 3,614 3,629
               Hispanic or Latino 145 159 195 240 290 263 276
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 13 18 16 11 15 13 11
                  Asianc 346 363 370 416 432 333 364
                  Black or African American 81 103 108 92 92 79 81
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 3 7 3 5 4 2
                  White 2,152 2,244 2,485 2,702 2,820 2,563 2,572
                  More than one racec 3 3 23 49 59 65 77
               Unknown ethnicity and race 350 418 401 380 332 294 246
            Temporary visa holders 1,526 1,591 1,661 1,647 1,646 1,455 1,552
         Agricultural engineering 1,126 1,233 1,303 1,457 1,656 1,552 1,642
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 542 566 630 681 769 683 715
               Hispanic or Latino 14 21 27 30 34 38 43
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 2 2 1 4 3 3 4
                  Asianc 32 27 23 38 53 46 68
                  Black or African American 22 20 30 33 50 32 33
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 2 0 1 0 2 1 0
                  White 439 473 513 528 587 513 512
                  More than one racec 2 0 1 6 10 16 17
               Unknown ethnicity and race 29 23 34 42 30 34 38
            Temporary visa holders 584 667 673 776 887 869 927
         Architecture 4,601 5,905 6,804 6,795 3,111 2,363 2,176
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 3,707 4,840 5,611 5,548 2,344 1,632 1,461
               Hispanic or Latino 208 385 454 420 249 153 143
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 15 42 32 36 17 11 7
                  Asianc 223 291 320 361 163 101 103
                  Black or African American 219 282 300 277 131 145 124
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 5 8 5 8 3 2 2
                  White 2,730 3,417 3,968 3,928 1,536 1,093 968
                  More than one racec 1 12 32 95 54 36 32
               Unknown ethnicity and race 306 403 500 423 191 91 82
            Temporary visa holders 894 1,065 1,193 1,247 767 731 715
         Biomedical engineering 6,904 7,339 7,904 8,497 9,175 9,157 9,198
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 4,541 4,772 5,237 5,803 6,359 6,313 6,361
               Hispanic or Latino 242 226 301 325 363 424 441
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 19 21 20 19 18 18 15
                  Asianc 940 919 1,101 1,185 1,442 1,371 1,364
                  Black or African American 206 224 245 240 271 265 238
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 12 20 15 17 13 12 21
                  White 2,662 2,932 3,142 3,526 3,741 3,704 3,697
                  More than one racec 8 14 43 77 109 132 182
               Unknown ethnicity and race 452 416 370 414 402 387 403
            Temporary visa holders 2,363 2,567 2,667 2,694 2,816 2,844 2,837
         Chemical engineering 7,584 7,892 8,188 8,668 8,828 9,222 9,698
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 3,744 3,821 4,022 4,272 4,402 4,473 4,630
               Hispanic or Latino 261 238 225 279 284 296 317
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 16 15 14 18 17 16 24
                  Asianc 465 492 533 588 627 626 672
                  Black or African American 155 150 172 164 169 171 190
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 20 2 3 16 22 7 5
                  White 2,601 2,672 2,809 2,872 2,955 3,032 3,117
                  More than one racec 1 9 12 40 60 73 70
               Unknown ethnicity and race 225 243 254 295 268 252 235
            Temporary visa holders 3,840 4,071 4,166 4,396 4,426 4,749 5,068
         Civil engineering 16,071 16,931 18,638 19,559 19,596 19,922 20,110
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 9,972 10,477 11,750 12,482 12,221 11,984 11,448
               Hispanic or Latino 892 796 915 1,091 1,136 1,177 1,235
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 58 50 59 55 63 49 58
                  Asianc 851 921 1,109 1,244 1,193 1,133 1,139
                  Black or African American 461 475 528 594 545 550 502
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 23 28 27 42 40 19 17
                  White 6,807 7,265 7,884 8,245 8,118 7,911 7,536
                  More than one racec 6 24 51 270 314 368 206
               Unknown ethnicity and race 874 918 1,177 941 812 777 755
            Temporary visa holders 6,099 6,454 6,888 7,077 7,375 7,938 8,662
         Electrical engineering 40,588 41,164 41,218 41,336 41,580 42,347 45,562
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 16,024 16,042 15,936 16,109 15,985 15,301 14,892
               Hispanic or Latino 996 1,007 1,072 1,157 1,196 1,219 1,268
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 48 61 54 48 51 56 41
                  Asianc 3,100 3,086 3,015 2,956 2,878 2,735 2,675
                  Black or African American 861 864 900 937 951 823 790
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 64 41 26 29 21 21 24
                  White 8,933 8,734 8,908 9,035 8,974 8,722 8,557
                  More than one racec 16 30 63 157 222 258 259
               Unknown ethnicity and race 2,006 2,219 1,898 1,790 1,692 1,467 1,278
            Temporary visa holders 24,564 25,122 25,282 25,227 25,595 27,046 30,670
         Engineering science 1,806 2,099 2,168 2,071 2,101 2,227 2,142
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 989 1,216 1,229 1,185 1,163 1,213 1,085
               Hispanic or Latino 32 63 69 65 66 65 65
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 7 7 6 3 2 3 5
                  Asianc 141 142 134 146 128 133 109
                  Black or African American 28 42 51 44 49 36 31
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 2 3 0 0 1 2 1
                  White 709 827 821 784 765 799 756
                  More than one racec 1 3 5 24 31 26 27
               Unknown ethnicity and race 69 129 143 119 121 149 91
            Temporary visa holders 817 883 939 886 938 1,014 1,057
         Industrial engineering 14,474 15,692 15,825 15,205 14,494 14,469 14,363
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 9,090 9,464 9,511 9,028 8,552 8,233 8,006
               Hispanic or Latino 664 703 717 677 716 692 690
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 47 51 61 43 39 35 31
                  Asianc 1,057 1,066 959 914 792 807 755
                  Black or African American 734 849 826 708 666 681 606
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 11 3 18 14 12 15 29
                  White 5,293 5,543 5,305 5,011 4,893 4,849 4,776
                  More than one racec 2 47 41 63 87 114 123
               Unknown ethnicity and race 1,282 1,202 1,584 1,598 1,347 1,040 996
            Temporary visa holders 5,384 6,228 6,314 6,177 5,942 6,236 6,357
         Mechanical engineering 18,347 19,585 21,243 22,509 21,883 23,088 24,087
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 10,481 11,075 11,893 12,986 12,635 12,859 12,791
               Hispanic or Latino 656 685 749 827 948 1,012 1,063
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 33 37 43 46 44 34 31
                  Asianc 1,225 1,258 1,197 1,328 1,361 1,447 1,466
                  Black or African American 408 425 431 456 463 431 435
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 18 22 28 24 24 21 14
                  White 7,213 7,591 8,334 9,135 8,779 8,745 8,687
                  More than one racec 41 12 48 129 159 243 256
               Unknown ethnicity and race 887 1,045 1,063 1,041 857 926 839
            Temporary visa holders 7,866 8,510 9,350 9,523 9,248 10,229 11,296
         Metallurgical and materials engineering 5,314 5,539 5,863 6,274 6,649 6,985 7,144
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,719 2,796 2,949 3,197 3,315 3,425 3,504
               Hispanic or Latino 117 118 145 170 213 240 228
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 9 13 11 12 10 9 3
                  Asianc 328 350 361 416 424 427 455
                  Black or African American 127 126 112 130 127 121 126
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 10 9 1 2 6 18 3
                  White 1,900 1,988 2,119 2,252 2,290 2,346 2,428
                  More than one racec 3 8 15 31 40 58 70
               Unknown ethnicity and race 225 184 185 184 205 206 191
            Temporary visa holders 2,595 2,743 2,914 3,077 3,334 3,560 3,640
         Mining engineering 222 290 312 419 500 356 357
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 130 165 197 197 218 195 171
               Hispanic or Latino 4 9 10 5 8 5 7
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 0 3 1 2 0 0 1
                  Asianc 8 7 9 4 7 8 7
                  Black or African American 0 4 8 12 10 7 4
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
                  White 111 133 156 160 175 154 137
                  More than one racec 0 0 2 2 1 5 0
               Unknown ethnicity and race 7 9 10 12 16 16 15
            Temporary visa holders 92 125 115 222 282 161 186
         Nuclear engineering 1,180 1,201 1,243 1,459 1,499 1,513 1,459
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 904 933 958 1,163 1,198 1,196 1,148
               Hispanic or Latino 48 47 42 53 54 68 75
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 2 4 4 4 4 3 4
                  Asianc 47 54 57 68 68 47 57
                  Black or African American 22 26 22 23 21 19 18
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 1 6 1 2 2 1 2
                  White 681 734 763 912 949 942 881
                  More than one racec 0 1 0 13 23 16 19
               Unknown ethnicity and race 103 61 69 88 77 100 92
            Temporary visa holders 276 268 285 296 301 317 311
         Petroleum engineering 1,014 1,009 1,190 1,295 1,301 1,525 1,609
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 258 217 252 293 313 389 440
               Hispanic or Latino 32 18 20 23 27 36 35
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 0 1 1 0 1 2 4
                  Asianc 17 20 25 42 41 52 65
                  Black or African American 43 29 23 29 35 49 44
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  White 150 138 176 184 192 234 270
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 2 1 0 0
               Unknown ethnicity and race 16 11 7 13 16 16 22
            Temporary visa holders 756 792 938 1,002 988 1,136 1,169
         Engineering nec 7,829 7,075 7,512 8,157 8,437 8,590 8,321
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 5,108 4,556 4,862 5,458 5,795 5,791 5,381
               Hispanic or Latino 252 241 277 278 335 347 348
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 21 21 21 28 33 26 20
                  Asianc 656 552 565 564 538 556 510
                  Black or African American 408 367 416 441 488 515 490
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 34 11 16 17 14 16 10
                  White 2,948 2,895 3,013 3,596 3,885 3,850 3,519
                  More than one racec 3 9 14 44 68 97 102
               Unknown ethnicity and race 786 460 540 490 434 384 382
            Temporary visa holders 2,721 2,519 2,650 2,699 2,642 2,799 2,940
   Healthd 103,300 102,214 85,960 76,120 65,879 65,825 62,710
      U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 95,203 93,669 77,306 68,089 58,363 58,354 55,071
         Hispanic or Latino 5,961 5,550 5,071 4,766 4,220 4,452 4,464
         Not Hispanic or Latino              
            American Indian or Alaska Native 600 668 493 384 349 319 319
            Asianc 6,600 6,223 5,556 5,043 4,369 4,419 4,220
            Black or African American 8,286 8,367 7,376 7,105 6,705 7,002 6,286
            Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 285 305 225 266 310 256 155
            White 65,797 64,366 52,234 44,737 37,544 37,003 34,836
            More than one racec 116 237 345 827 796 1,136 1,145
         Unknown ethnicity and race 7,558 7,953 6,006 4,961 4,070 3,767 3,646
      Temporary visa holders 8,097 8,545 8,654 8,031 7,516 7,471 7,639

nec = not elsewhere classified.
a In 2007, eligible fields were reclassified, newly eligible fields were added, and the survey was redesigned to improve coverage and coding of eligible units. 2007 data presented in this table are the data collected in 2007, which were labeled as "2007new" in the past publications. See appendix A in http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf10307/ for more detail on the changes made in 2007.
b Ethnicity and race data are available only for U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
c Reporting of ethnicity and race in 2008–13 has been affected by changes in the reporting of ethnicity and race in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). Starting in 2008, IPEDS respondents were asked to use a new classification that included a category for two or more races (see http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/reic/resource.asp) and separate reporting of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders from Asians. The new classification was optional in 2008 and 2009 IPEDS but mandatory beginning in 2010 and may have contributed to a significant increase in the reporting of Not Hispanic or Latino, More than one race.
d Beginning with 2008, more rigorous follow-up was done with institutions regarding the exclusion of practitioner-oriented graduate degree programs in Psychology and in Other health (a subfield of health). This change may affect interpretation of trends in these fields.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF-NIH Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering.
Data from survey cycle Fall 2013, as of 8 August 2014.