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Table 14. Female graduate students in science, engineering, and health in all institutions, by field, citizenship, ethnicity, and race: 2007–13
Field, citizenship, ethnicity, and race 2007a 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
All surveyed fields 307,490 311,179 303,120 297,171 291,550 291,056 291,380
   U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 252,309 252,329 242,387 235,235 228,370 224,797 220,623
      Hispanic or Latino 18,527 18,379 18,140 18,364 19,081 19,440 20,190
      Not Hispanic or Latino              
         American Indian or Alaska Native 1,713 1,946 1,749 1,647 1,559 1,440 1,415
         Asianc 18,885 18,536 18,518 18,014 17,993 17,916 17,738
         Black or African American 24,013 24,595 24,539 24,844 25,025 24,401 23,359
         Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 863 799 752 754 768 677 585
         White 164,684 163,522 155,553 149,137 143,442 140,494 137,274
         More than one racec 375 900 1,535 3,197 3,745 4,760 5,067
      Unknown ethnicity and race 23,249 23,652 21,601 19,278 16,757 15,669 14,995
   Temporary visa holders 55,181 58,850 60,733 61,936 63,180 66,259 70,757
   Science and engineering 227,273 231,997 237,749 240,481 242,732 242,548 245,387
      U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 176,449 177,792 181,700 182,995 183,760 180,507 178,954
         Hispanic or Latino 13,848 14,025 14,235 14,813 15,924 16,133 16,840
         Not Hispanic or Latino              
            American Indian or Alaska Native 1,235 1,431 1,370 1,351 1,297 1,212 1,185
            Asianc 14,118 13,954 14,504 14,386 14,896 14,796 14,773
            Black or African American 17,162 17,706 18,519 19,160 19,760 19,009 18,552
            Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 644 573 578 554 520 471 479
            White 111,932 112,046 114,287 114,557 114,603 112,255 110,721
            More than one racec 281 709 1,267 2,578 3,126 3,865 4,191
         Unknown ethnicity and race 17,229 17,348 16,940 15,596 13,634 12,766 12,213
      Temporary visa holders 50,824 54,205 56,049 57,486 58,972 62,041 66,433
      Science 196,801 200,460 204,431 206,028 208,991 207,997 208,989
         U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 159,749 160,796 163,806 164,531 166,337 163,502 161,972
            Hispanic or Latino 12,592 12,775 12,884 13,352 14,454 14,617 15,301
            Not Hispanic or Latino              
               American Indian or Alaska Native 1,170 1,334 1,292 1,266 1,215 1,132 1,112
               Asianc 11,484 11,379 11,863 11,648 12,169 12,171 12,159
               Black or African American 15,908 16,423 17,204 17,860 18,543 17,880 17,497
               Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 568 525 536 507 475 440 448
               White 102,213 101,981 103,682 103,553 104,427 102,266 100,623
               More than one racec 266 663 1,169 2,332 2,825 3,471 3,811
            Unknown ethnicity and race 15,548 15,716 15,176 14,013 12,229 11,525 11,021
         Temporary visa holders 37,052 39,664 40,625 41,497 42,654 44,495 47,017
         Agricultural sciences 6,627 6,891 7,485 7,819 8,026 8,229 8,334
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 5,357 5,488 5,965 6,253 6,338 6,456 6,559
               Hispanic or Latino 316 322 373 412 450 452 479
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 48 77 77 87 58 63 58
                  Asianc 176 214 204 199 215 227 240
                  Black or African American 282 289 244 277 288 281 281
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 7 15 19 20 18 16 17
                  White 4,220 4,184 4,602 4,835 4,923 4,976 5,014
                  More than one racec 7 34 46 71 77 104 135
               Unknown ethnicity and race 301 353 400 352 309 337 335
            Temporary visa holders 1,270 1,403 1,520 1,566 1,688 1,773 1,775
         Biological sciences 40,754 41,334 41,818 42,571 42,833 43,206 43,479
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 31,725 31,762 32,283 33,041 33,189 33,424 33,669
               Hispanic or Latino 2,070 2,093 2,254 2,447 2,566 2,642 2,771
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 167 187 194 213 198 172 174
                  Asianc 3,387 3,264 3,438 3,546 3,758 3,765 3,700
                  Black or African American 2,271 2,301 2,456 2,474 2,422 2,495 2,478
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 166 162 170 129 121 91 110
                  White 21,136 21,173 21,086 21,473 21,574 21,648 21,632
                  More than one racec 42 103 155 395 497 620 727
               Unknown ethnicity and race 2,486 2,479 2,530 2,364 2,053 1,991 2,077
            Temporary visa holders 9,029 9,572 9,535 9,530 9,644 9,782 9,810
         Communication 4,647 5,381 6,029 6,353 7,041 7,168 7,265
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 3,927 4,517 4,991 5,307 5,911 5,894 5,940
               Hispanic or Latino 270 302 295 367 452 491 552
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 19 35 36 45 40 28 29
                  Asianc 162 191 217 221 259 244 279
                  Black or African American 375 436 459 541 711 732 653
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 3 4 20 12 9 17 10
                  White 2,733 3,060 3,490 3,662 4,018 3,882 3,969
                  More than one racec 1 10 57 81 103 154 127
               Unknown ethnicity and race 364 479 417 378 319 346 321
            Temporary visa holders 720 864 1,038 1,046 1,130 1,274 1,325
         Computer sciences 12,017 12,545 13,053 12,807 12,607 13,223 14,688
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 6,020 6,015 6,300 6,048 5,799 5,914 5,492
               Hispanic or Latino 282 287 293 334 371 372 367
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 15 34 28 31 30 34 27
                  Asianc 1,109 1,087 1,170 980 974 1,020 1,099
                  Black or African American 695 708 799 822 780 748 727
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 8 16 16 13 9 14 9
                  White 3,012 3,064 3,192 3,133 3,041 3,040 2,621
                  More than one racec 1 9 34 81 85 118 107
               Unknown ethnicity and race 898 810 768 654 509 568 535
            Temporary visa holders 5,997 6,530 6,753 6,759 6,808 7,309 9,196
         Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 6,650 6,621 6,815 7,200 7,175 7,386 7,196
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 5,593 5,477 5,717 6,015 5,923 6,060 5,857
               Hispanic or Latino 283 280 308 336 355 381 406
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 31 35 29 46 52 38 39
                  Asianc 187 192 212 215 205 224 235
                  Black or African American 151 161 158 158 153 147 156
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 9 8 16 13 10 9 6
                  White 4,564 4,383 4,491 4,731 4,675 4,714 4,522
                  More than one racec 8 20 32 83 85 140 121
               Unknown ethnicity and race 360 398 471 433 388 407 372
            Temporary visa holders 1,057 1,144 1,098 1,185 1,252 1,326 1,339
         Family and consumer sciences and human sciences 2,327 2,958 3,203 3,461 3,721 3,385 3,342
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,127 2,687 2,925 3,157 3,370 3,036 2,963
               Hispanic or Latino 71 112 129 166 207 235 251
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 17 14 18 20 20 13 20
                  Asianc 79 124 120 123 121 118 123
                  Black or African American 272 345 461 511 586 525 486
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 0 1 7 11 5
                  White 1,573 1,866 2,024 2,099 2,212 1,981 1,883
                  More than one racec 2 5 3 29 37 54 55
               Unknown ethnicity and race 113 221 170 208 180 99 140
            Temporary visa holders 200 271 278 304 351 349 379
         Mathematical sciences 7,678 7,751 7,979 8,127 8,360 8,618 8,744
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 4,930 4,723 4,860 4,937 4,928 4,887 4,701
               Hispanic or Latino 268 243 265 277 286 294 301
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 14 18 16 19 14 5 9
                  Asianc 605 571 613 617 655 630 584
                  Black or African American 329 311 321 319 306 277 281
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 18 28 32 16 6 12 5
                  White 3,252 3,129 3,149 3,125 3,232 3,253 3,129
                  More than one racec 4 8 57 97 64 76 98
               Unknown ethnicity and race 440 415 407 467 365 340 294
            Temporary visa holders 2,748 3,028 3,119 3,190 3,432 3,731 4,043
         Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies 2,560 3,234 3,809 4,493 3,431 3,067 2,871
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,211 2,781 3,283 3,877 2,956 2,589 2,379
               Hispanic or Latino 169 230 253 390 273 258 224
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 39 41 38 29 25 28 17
                  Asianc 115 144 169 200 151 136 146
                  Black or African American 219 264 326 381 304 255 192
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 8 8 10 8 8 8 9
                  White 1,378 1,711 1,954 2,329 1,839 1,571 1,451
                  More than one racec 0 3 25 51 50 61 66
               Unknown ethnicity and race 283 380 508 489 306 272 274
            Temporary visa holders 349 453 526 616 475 478 492
         Neuroscience 863 1,097 1,264 1,474 2,199 2,371 2,484
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 687 897 1,038 1,225 1,861 1,997 2,109
               Hispanic or Latino 49 62 64 97 158 167 165
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 4 4 3 4 11 9 8
                  Asianc 78 106 112 128 213 210 256
                  Black or African American 35 36 52 51 82 94 93
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 2 3 1 2 5 4 8
                  White 482 625 714 857 1,249 1,361 1,421
                  More than one racec 0 2 1 7 32 38 45
               Unknown ethnicity and race 37 59 91 79 111 114 113
            Temporary visa holders 176 200 226 249 338 374 375
          Physical sciences 12,109 12,333 12,691 12,826 13,112 13,216 13,018
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 7,489 7,448 7,671 7,721 7,890 7,917 7,826
               Hispanic or Latino 503 494 495 506 525 532 549
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 48 50 48 37 36 35 34
                  Asianc 792 726 768 738 791 801 811
                  Black or African American 498 491 493 514 515 495 458
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 21 18 23 16 17 14 18
                  White 5,085 5,102 5,252 5,267 5,402 5,385 5,359
                  More than one racec 13 25 32 98 119 165 182
               Unknown ethnicity and race 529 542 560 545 485 490 415
            Temporary visa holders 4,620 4,885 5,020 5,105 5,222 5,299 5,192
         Psychologyd 45,116 44,615 42,536 40,238 40,921 40,585 40,570
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 42,890 42,389 40,409 37,958 38,664 38,324 38,304
               Hispanic or Latino 4,204 4,271 3,852 3,720 4,102 4,111 4,410
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 309 298 287 266 278 260 250
                  Asianc 2,128 2,100 2,000 1,868 1,859 1,900 1,859
                  Black or African American 4,165 4,341 4,440 4,478 4,722 4,491 4,487
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 98 79 66 92 90 87 89
                  White 27,237 26,497 25,646 23,716 23,834 23,710 23,498
                  More than one racec 55 137 303 506 609 762 881
               Unknown ethnicity and race 4,694 4,666 3,815 3,312 3,170 3,003 2,830
            Temporary visa holders 2,226 2,226 2,127 2,280 2,257 2,261 2,266
         Social sciences 55,453 55,700 57,749 58,659 59,565 57,543 56,998
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 46,793 46,612 48,364 48,992 49,508 47,004 46,173
               Hispanic or Latino 4,107 4,079 4,303 4,300 4,709 4,682 4,826
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 459 541 518 469 453 447 447
                  Asianc 2,666 2,660 2,840 2,813 2,968 2,896 2,827
                  Black or African American 6,616 6,740 6,995 7,334 7,674 7,340 7,205
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 228 184 163 185 175 157 162
                  White 27,541 27,187 28,082 28,326 28,428 26,745 26,124
                  More than one racec 133 307 424 833 1,067 1,179 1,267
               Unknown ethnicity and race 5,043 4,914 5,039 4,732 4,034 3,558 3,315
            Temporary visa holders 8,660 9,088 9,385 9,667 10,057 10,539 10,825
      Engineering 30,472 31,537 33,318 34,453 33,741 34,551 36,398
         U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 16,700 16,996 17,894 18,464 17,423 17,005 16,982
            Hispanic or Latino 1,256 1,250 1,351 1,461 1,470 1,516 1,539
            Not Hispanic or Latino              
               American Indian or Alaska Native 65 97 78 85 82 80 73
               Asianc 2,634 2,575 2,641 2,738 2,727 2,625 2,614
               Black or African American 1,254 1,283 1,315 1,300 1,217 1,129 1,055
               Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 76 48 42 47 45 31 31
               White 9,719 10,065 10,605 11,004 10,176 9,989 10,098
               More than one racec 15 46 98 246 301 394 380
            Unknown ethnicity and race 1,681 1,632 1,764 1,583 1,405 1,241 1,192
         Temporary visa holders 13,772 14,541 15,424 15,989 16,318 17,546 19,416
         Aerospace engineering 700 722 734 784 782 705 741
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 486 487 497 551 566 523 527
               Hispanic or Latino 22 25 25 36 48 54 50
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 4 7 5 4 4 2 2
                  Asianc 62 66 57 56 69 64 66
                  Black or African American 21 24 20 17 15 16 15
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 1 2 1 2 0
                  White 338 296 332 375 376 332 349
                  More than one racec 1 1 5 12 10 12 12
               Unknown ethnicity and race 38 68 52 49 43 41 33
            Temporary visa holders 214 235 237 233 216 182 214
         Agricultural engineering 366 398 437 509 618 590 644
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 172 166 198 206 248 227 248
               Hispanic or Latino 5 6 9 10 14 12 13
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 1 1 1 3 1 1 3
                  Asianc 12 10 11 16 21 16 30
                  Black or African American 10 9 12 16 23 14 17
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 2 0 0 0 1 1 0
                  White 130 132 152 145 173 165 164
                  More than one racec 2 0 1 4 6 7 5
               Unknown ethnicity and race 10 8 12 12 9 11 16
            Temporary visa holders 194 232 239 303 370 363 396
         Architecture 1,974 2,612 2,997 3,044 1,443 1,116 1,001
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 1,567 2,085 2,368 2,396 1,050 740 655
               Hispanic or Latino 86 170 191 182 103 59 56
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 3 26 13 15 7 5 1
                  Asianc 118 157 176 206 106 58 68
                  Black or African American 94 126 123 121 58 60 48
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 2 4 1 3 1 1 1
                  White 1,117 1,403 1,625 1,641 652 493 427
                  More than one racec 1 7 11 43 30 19 15
               Unknown ethnicity and race 146 192 228 185 93 45 39
            Temporary visa holders 407 527 629 648 393 376 346
         Biomedical engineering 2,621 2,761 2,979 3,133 3,459 3,503 3,665
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 1,784 1,805 1,983 2,102 2,331 2,328 2,447
               Hispanic or Latino 86 91 110 120 135 169 183
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 5 7 7 7 5 7 5
                  Asianc 394 371 422 437 553 511 509
                  Black or African American 117 118 139 129 129 126 115
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 7 10 6 5 4 2 6
                  White 1,000 1,058 1,141 1,227 1,320 1,325 1,404
                  More than one racec 3 5 19 28 44 52 74
               Unknown ethnicity and race 172 145 139 149 141 136 151
            Temporary visa holders 837 956 996 1,031 1,128 1,175 1,218
         Chemical engineering 2,266 2,409 2,616 2,722 2,850 2,937 3,023
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 1,129 1,143 1,206 1,230 1,279 1,299 1,329
               Hispanic or Latino 106 90 86 104 108 101 102
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 2 3 2 2 4 7 8
                  Asianc 195 203 215 219 221 223 236
                  Black or African American 52 51 66 65 70 69 79
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 9 2 1 4 4 2 1
                  White 692 716 760 753 778 797 809
                  More than one racec 1 8 7 10 20 22 22
               Unknown ethnicity and race 72 70 69 73 74 78 72
            Temporary visa holders 1,137 1,266 1,410 1,492 1,571 1,638 1,694
         Civil engineering 4,736 4,765 5,301 5,571 5,589 5,805 5,881
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 3,117 3,069 3,423 3,554 3,457 3,494 3,378
               Hispanic or Latino 327 263 302 370 377 391 389
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 15 16 18 22 26 18 24
                  Asianc 303 325 382 404 377 375 368
                  Black or African American 178 168 205 206 167 166 140
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 9 11 8 14 16 5 7
                  White 2,021 2,019 2,155 2,235 2,208 2,203 2,154
                  More than one racec 2 4 15 59 72 108 74
               Unknown ethnicity and race 262 263 338 244 214 228 222
            Temporary visa holders 1,619 1,696 1,878 2,017 2,132 2,311 2,503
         Electrical engineering 7,439 7,340 7,174 7,193 7,430 7,773 9,155
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,241 2,119 2,014 2,007 2,059 1,942 2,010
               Hispanic or Latino 164 159 153 151 164 166 184
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 3 4 6 4 8 15 7
                  Asianc 615 568 548 548 558 528 528
                  Black or African American 183 172 172 174 190 129 136
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 9 3 8 6 5 5 3
                  White 939 872 850 851 862 865 936
                  More than one racec 2 6 8 21 27 35 39
               Unknown ethnicity and race 326 335 269 252 245 199 177
            Temporary visa holders 5,198 5,221 5,160 5,186 5,371 5,831 7,145
         Engineering science 409 471 478 438 434 452 420
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 208 244 237 209 206 229 201
               Hispanic or Latino 6 12 16 12 13 16 17
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 3 3 1 0 0 0 1
                  Asianc 37 31 27 31 23 25 20
                  Black or African American 7 12 12 9 10 8 5
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 2 1 0 0 1 1 0
                  White 135 163 148 132 122 131 133
                  More than one racec 0 1 0 2 6 6 6
               Unknown ethnicity and race 18 21 33 23 31 42 19
            Temporary visa holders 201 227 241 229 228 223 219
         Industrial engineering 3,544 3,714 3,800 3,684 3,610 3,699 3,642
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,291 2,253 2,182 2,029 1,967 1,859 1,805
               Hispanic or Latino 212 201 221 190 173 174 173
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 15 18 14 8 9 9 7
                  Asianc 311 287 254 253 218 216 202
                  Black or African American 291 304 283 231 234 230 200
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 2 2 5 3 3 2 6
                  White 1,171 1,183 1,087 1,033 1,019 990 993
                  More than one racec 1 8 11 16 23 29 36
               Unknown ethnicity and race 288 250 307 295 288 209 188
            Temporary visa holders 1,253 1,461 1,618 1,655 1,643 1,840 1,837
         Mechanical engineering 2,614 2,749 2,990 3,186 3,163 3,465 3,636
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 1,596 1,647 1,709 1,833 1,823 1,923 1,943
               Hispanic or Latino 129 118 121 132 155 180 197
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 6 6 5 7 7 5 5
                  Asianc 256 257 237 251 244 276 270
                  Black or African American 93 99 94 109 109 98 93
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 6 4 7 5 4 4 4
                  White 966 1,010 1,086 1,160 1,163 1,178 1,189
                  More than one racec 0 0 11 25 27 58 51
               Unknown ethnicity and race 140 153 148 144 114 124 134
            Temporary visa holders 1,018 1,102 1,281 1,353 1,340 1,542 1,693
         Metallurgical and materials engineering 1,473 1,533 1,589 1,754 1,876 1,977 2,021
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 769 775 783 880 910 927 943
               Hispanic or Latino 40 44 42 55 64 79 70
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 3 3 3 5 3 3 0
                  Asianc 119 137 136 143 155 145 142
                  Black or African American 58 59 48 57 47 47 49
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 6 5 0 0 3 5 0
                  White 495 497 500 570 572 575 604
                  More than one racec 1 4 8 11 10 18 19
               Unknown ethnicity and race 47 26 46 39 56 55 59
            Temporary visa holders 704 758 806 874 966 1,050 1,078
         Mining engineering 37 49 55 77 93 61 62
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 22 24 31 39 41 29 34
               Hispanic or Latino 0 0 2 2 3 0 2
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
                  Asianc 0 3 2 0 0 0 0
                  Black or African American 0 2 3 4 2 0 0
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  White 22 19 23 30 34 23 27
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 1 0 2 0
               Unknown ethnicity and race 0 0 1 2 2 4 4
            Temporary visa holders 15 25 24 38 52 32 28
         Nuclear engineering 221 214 198 228 225 225 221
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 153 165 148 181 177 173 170
               Hispanic or Latino 9 10 5 13 9 7 8
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
                  Asianc 7 11 14 16 20 15 13
                  Black or African American 11 12 10 9 8 7 9
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 2 0 1 0 0 0
                  White 109 120 108 126 124 126 121
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 3 7 6 7
               Unknown ethnicity and race 17 10 11 13 9 12 11
            Temporary visa holders 68 49 50 47 48 52 51
         Petroleum engineering 183 191 209 235 229 287 335
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 37 40 45 50 49 64 88
               Hispanic or Latino 8 4 5 7 6 7 8
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  Asianc 2 4 3 4 8 14 19
                  Black or African American 7 6 6 6 7 9 10
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  White 18 25 30 31 25 32 45
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
               Unknown ethnicity and race 2 1 1 1 3 2 6
            Temporary visa holders 146 151 164 185 180 223 247
         Engineering nec 1,889 1,609 1,761 1,895 1,940 1,956 1,951
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 1,128 974 1,070 1,197 1,260 1,248 1,204
               Hispanic or Latino 56 57 63 77 98 101 87
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 5 3 3 8 8 8 8
                  Asianc 203 145 157 154 154 159 143
                  Black or African American 132 121 122 147 148 150 139
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 22 4 5 4 2 1 3
                  White 566 552 608 695 748 754 743
                  More than one racec 1 2 2 10 19 20 20
               Unknown ethnicity and race 143 90 110 102 83 55 61
            Temporary visa holders 761 635 691 698 680 708 747
   Healthd 80,217 79,182 65,371 56,690 48,818 48,508 45,993
      U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 75,860 74,537 60,687 52,240 44,610 44,290 41,669
         Hispanic or Latino 4,679 4,354 3,905 3,551 3,157 3,307 3,350
         Not Hispanic or Latino              
            American Indian or Alaska Native 478 515 379 296 262 228 230
            Asianc 4,767 4,582 4,014 3,628 3,097 3,120 2,965
            Black or African American 6,851 6,889 6,020 5,684 5,265 5,392 4,807
            Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 219 226 174 200 248 206 106
            White 52,752 51,476 41,266 34,580 28,839 28,239 26,553
            More than one racec 94 191 268 619 619 895 876
         Unknown ethnicity and race 6,020 6,304 4,661 3,682 3,123 2,903 2,782
      Temporary visa holders 4,357 4,645 4,684 4,450 4,208 4,218 4,324

nec = not elsewhere classified.
a In 2007, eligible fields were reclassified, newly eligible fields were added, and the survey was redesigned to improve coverage and coding of eligible units. 2007 data presented in this table are the data collected in 2007, which were labeled as "2007new" in the past publications. See appendix A in http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf10307/ for more detail on the changes made in 2007.
b Ethnicity and race data are available only for U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
c Reporting of ethnicity and race in 2008–13 has been affected by changes in the reporting of ethnicity and race in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). Starting in 2008, IPEDS respondents were asked to use a new classification that included a category for two or more races (see http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/reic/resource.asp) and separate reporting of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders from Asians. The new classification was optional in 2008 and 2009 IPEDS but mandatory beginning in 2010 and may have contributed to a significant increase in the reporting of Not Hispanic or Latino, More than one race.
d Beginning with 2008, more rigorous follow-up was done with institutions regarding the exclusion of practitioner-oriented graduate degree programs in Psychology and in Other health (a subfield of health). This change may affect interpretation of trends in these fields.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF-NIH Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering.
Data from survey cycle Fall 2013, as of 8 August 2014.