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Table 15. Full-time graduate students in science, engineering, and health in all institutions, by field, citizenship, ethnicity, and race: 2007–13
Field, citizenship, ethnicity, and race 2007a 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
All surveyed fields 437,365 449,613 456,115 461,185 457,292 459,498 468,953
   U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 299,716 304,912 307,192 309,475 302,034 297,497 294,147
      Hispanic or Latino 20,264 20,310 21,195 22,068 22,789 23,408 24,549
      Not Hispanic or Latino              
         American Indian or Alaska Native 1,874 2,140 2,028 1,933 1,810 1,660 1,650
         Asianc 25,395 24,570 25,492 25,954 26,107 25,899 26,128
         Black or African American 20,078 21,903 22,362 22,611 22,427 21,845 21,307
         Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 996 955 896 859 890 740 646
         White 203,760 206,023 206,533 207,055 201,601 197,661 194,094
         More than one racec 470 975 1,799 4,239 5,003 6,311 6,518
      Unknown ethnicity and race 26,879 28,036 26,887 24,756 21,407 19,973 19,255
   Temporary visa holders 137,649 144,701 148,923 151,710 155,258 162,001 174,806
   Science and engineering 371,542 383,560 398,498 409,107 411,168 414,384 424,508
      U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 240,319 245,691 256,503 263,871 262,043 258,477 256,211
         Hispanic or Latino 16,378 16,622 17,755 18,870 19,883 20,343 21,443
         Not Hispanic or Latino              
            American Indian or Alaska Native 1,492 1,733 1,716 1,690 1,601 1,481 1,468
            Asianc 20,851 20,383 21,714 22,436 23,035 22,890 23,153
            Black or African American 15,528 16,839 17,779 18,194 18,097 17,544 17,310
            Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 813 764 765 696 655 562 543
            White 162,261 165,333 172,067 176,626 175,588 172,599 169,685
            More than one racec 403 816 1,557 3,639 4,423 5,474 5,669
         Unknown ethnicity and race 22,593 23,201 23,150 21,720 18,761 17,584 16,940
      Temporary visa holders 131,223 137,869 141,995 145,236 149,125 155,907 168,297
      Science 277,229 285,305 293,561 299,315 303,015 304,795 309,756
         U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 197,473 201,142 207,858 211,598 212,624 211,116 209,409
            Hispanic or Latino 13,705 13,930 14,653 15,344 16,255 16,728 17,643
            Not Hispanic or Latino              
               American Indian or Alaska Native 1,310 1,520 1,507 1,483 1,404 1,317 1,307
               Asianc 15,092 14,561 15,565 15,681 16,406 16,493 16,712
               Black or African American 13,308 14,556 15,407 15,725 15,816 15,454 15,238
               Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 687 665 675 594 552 483 467
               White 134,711 136,236 140,148 142,596 143,712 141,905 139,428
               More than one racec 364 730 1,294 2,866 3,507 4,420 4,668
            Unknown ethnicity and race 18,296 18,944 18,609 17,309 14,972 14,316 13,946
         Temporary visa holders 79,756 84,163 85,703 87,717 90,391 93,679 100,347
         Agricultural sciences 9,822 10,132 10,823 11,087 11,448 11,375 11,634
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 7,230 7,413 8,032 8,260 8,427 8,381 8,431
               Hispanic or Latino 443 435 535 522 585 571 602
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 61 82 84 90 57 66 64
                  Asianc 225 231 260 248 253 275 302
                  Black or African American 285 311 274 332 349 300 294
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 11 17 23 20 16 16 11
                  White 5,775 5,798 6,282 6,510 6,642 6,608 6,592
                  More than one racec 13 49 59 73 92 142 172
               Unknown ethnicity and race 417 490 515 465 433 403 394
            Temporary visa holders 2,592 2,719 2,791 2,827 3,021 2,994 3,203
         Biological sciences 60,428 60,662 61,466 62,770 62,773 63,921 63,615
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 45,085 44,606 45,548 46,587 46,527 47,527 47,347
               Hispanic or Latino 2,890 2,921 3,116 3,292 3,496 3,702 3,811
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 250 271 275 312 283 262 269
                  Asianc 4,921 4,581 4,955 5,136 5,401 5,523 5,444
                  Black or African American 2,509 2,645 2,831 2,858 2,725 2,854 2,825
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 246 243 226 194 161 141 147
                  White 30,900 30,493 30,541 31,225 31,095 31,498 31,110
                  More than one racec 75 152 219 542 648 817 960
               Unknown ethnicity and race 3,294 3,300 3,385 3,028 2,718 2,730 2,781
            Temporary visa holders 15,343 16,056 15,918 16,183 16,246 16,394 16,268
         Communication 4,528 5,224 6,091 6,274 6,913 6,978 7,117
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 3,549 4,058 4,757 5,001 5,501 5,428 5,450
               Hispanic or Latino 196 253 264 326 408 457 517
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 21 31 35 42 37 29 28
                  Asianc 149 185 210 207 239 231 261
                  Black or African American 279 335 366 401 563 502 476
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 3 11 22 10 13 13 11
                  White 2,608 2,909 3,390 3,601 3,877 3,743 3,736
                  More than one racec 0 7 63 90 100 144 133
               Unknown ethnicity and race 293 327 407 324 264 309 288
            Temporary visa holders 979 1,166 1,334 1,273 1,412 1,550 1,667
         Computer sciences 30,082 31,338 32,198 32,782 32,861 34,108 39,268
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 11,814 11,684 12,113 12,072 11,579 11,534 11,481
               Hispanic or Latino 480 498 580 564 641 666 680
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 41 65 61 61 45 38 49
                  Asianc 1,695 1,622 1,814 1,649 1,646 1,611 1,749
                  Black or African American 813 803 914 963 811 878 896
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 18 18 28 26 13 15 12
                  White 6,926 7,051 7,291 7,353 7,176 6,987 6,794
                  More than one racec 10 21 77 144 198 278 230
               Unknown ethnicity and race 1,831 1,606 1,348 1,312 1,049 1,061 1,071
            Temporary visa holders 18,268 19,654 20,085 20,710 21,282 22,574 27,787
         Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 10,892 11,171 11,589 12,318 12,404 12,617 12,339
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 8,547 8,668 9,060 9,670 9,568 9,687 9,400
               Hispanic or Latino 395 418 473 522 521 558 588
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 53 59 61 72 75 58 60
                  Asianc 303 295 309 315 327 346 361
                  Black or African American 191 207 223 228 222 206 196
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 9 12 18 11 15 12 11
                  White 7,026 6,989 7,243 7,735 7,663 7,690 7,413
                  More than one racec 11 25 43 119 146 200 179
               Unknown ethnicity and race 559 663 690 668 599 617 592
            Temporary visa holders 2,345 2,503 2,529 2,648 2,836 2,930 2,939
         Family and consumer sciences and human sciences 1,594 1,936 2,168 2,377 2,616 2,410 2,535
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 1,396 1,659 1,891 2,054 2,256 2,046 2,140
               Hispanic or Latino 50 66 83 114 133 169 191
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 14 13 11 14 8 11 15
                  Asianc 61 83 81 95 88 95 102
                  Black or African American 142 155 229 218 292 281 271
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 1 1 6 8 2
                  White 1,046 1,198 1,377 1,443 1,590 1,379 1,430
                  More than one racec 2 3 3 20 26 35 46
               Unknown ethnicity and race 81 141 106 149 113 68 83
            Temporary visa holders 198 277 277 323 360 364 395
         Mathematical sciences 15,668 16,241 16,885 17,606 18,303 18,990 19,510
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 8,943 8,942 9,283 9,766 9,949 10,008 9,895
               Hispanic or Latino 455 429 484 532 543 609 637
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 29 37 32 38 39 30 25
                  Asianc 829 820 882 941 1,012 972 1,000
                  Black or African American 422 402 433 425 434 413 421
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 25 29 40 18 12 19 17
                  White 6,352 6,465 6,636 6,882 7,101 7,055 6,885
                  More than one racec 10 19 62 134 124 173 215
               Unknown ethnicity and race 821 741 714 796 684 737 695
            Temporary visa holders 6,725 7,299 7,602 7,840 8,354 8,982 9,615
         Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies 2,398 3,110 3,957 5,063 4,103 3,987 3,873
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 1,830 2,344 3,087 3,995 3,223 3,042 2,866
               Hispanic or Latino 110 167 190 349 286 265 258
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 23 34 33 34 34 30 17
                  Asianc 110 129 170 222 188 173 183
                  Black or African American 131 169 233 320 259 205 188
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 8 7 11 5 6 3 8
                  White 1,159 1,472 1,904 2,546 2,132 2,031 1,869
                  More than one racec 1 6 9 47 58 63 73
               Unknown ethnicity and race 288 360 537 472 260 272 270
            Temporary visa holders 568 766 870 1,068 880 945 1,007
         Neuroscience 1,530 1,909 2,261 2,682 3,911 4,333 4,576
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 1,203 1,544 1,864 2,222 3,283 3,636 3,849
               Hispanic or Latino 75 96 116 162 252 283 281
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 7 11 12 10 17 16 20
                  Asianc 132 168 205 223 355 369 434
                  Black or African American 55 60 81 82 125 143 146
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 4 6 4 5 9 5 10
                  White 865 1,091 1,284 1,579 2,270 2,534 2,663
                  More than one racec 0 2 7 11 49 77 85
               Unknown ethnicity and race 65 110 155 150 206 209 210
            Temporary visa holders 327 365 397 460 628 697 727
          Physical sciences 32,857 33,254 34,181 34,856 35,643 35,868 35,979
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 19,288 19,360 19,996 20,511 20,985 21,217 21,343
               Hispanic or Latino 1,057 1,047 1,105 1,164 1,221 1,228 1,321
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 89 89 96 83 84 89 86
                  Asianc 1,564 1,454 1,512 1,515 1,696 1,705 1,807
                  Black or African American 770 786 800 820 796 772 778
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 35 30 45 31 37 27 28
                  White 14,404 14,439 14,904 15,224 15,524 15,736 15,764
                  More than one racec 24 59 74 244 299 364 408
               Unknown ethnicity and race 1,345 1,456 1,460 1,430 1,328 1,296 1,151
            Temporary visa holders 13,569 13,894 14,185 14,345 14,658 14,651 14,636
         Psychologyd 40,678 42,103 40,373 38,571 38,548 38,325 38,204
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 38,134 39,542 37,881 36,058 35,985 35,710 35,640
               Hispanic or Latino 3,652 3,807 3,451 3,392 3,660 3,582 3,940
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 246 280 256 250 238 241 231
                  Asianc 1,983 2,028 1,919 1,830 1,791 1,797 1,773
                  Black or African American 2,877 3,423 3,453 3,414 3,326 3,286 3,290
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 106 83 77 83 72 68 70
                  White 25,396 25,579 24,906 23,402 23,456 23,218 22,882
                  More than one racec 66 109 244 471 581 764 803
               Unknown ethnicity and race 3,808 4,233 3,575 3,216 2,861 2,754 2,651
            Temporary visa holders 2,544 2,561 2,492 2,513 2,563 2,615 2,564
         Social sciences 66,752 68,225 71,569 72,929 73,492 71,883 71,106
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 50,454 51,322 54,346 55,402 55,341 52,900 51,567
               Hispanic or Latino 3,902 3,793 4,256 4,405 4,509 4,638 4,817
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 476 548 551 477 487 447 443
                  Asianc 3,120 2,965 3,248 3,300 3,410 3,396 3,296
                  Black or African American 4,834 5,260 5,570 5,664 5,914 5,614 5,457
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 222 209 180 190 192 156 140
                  White 32,254 32,752 34,390 35,096 35,186 33,426 32,290
                  More than one racec 152 278 434 971 1,186 1,363 1,364
               Unknown ethnicity and race 5,494 5,517 5,717 5,299 4,457 3,860 3,760
            Temporary visa holders 16,298 16,903 17,223 17,527 18,151 18,983 19,539
      Engineering 94,313 98,255 104,937 109,792 108,153 109,589 114,752
         U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 42,846 44,549 48,645 52,273 49,419 47,361 46,802
            Hispanic or Latino 2,673 2,692 3,102 3,526 3,628 3,615 3,800
            Not Hispanic or Latino              
               American Indian or Alaska Native 182 213 209 207 197 164 161
               Asianc 5,759 5,822 6,149 6,755 6,629 6,397 6,441
               Black or African American 2,220 2,283 2,372 2,469 2,281 2,090 2,072
               Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 126 99 90 102 103 79 76
               White 27,550 29,097 31,919 34,030 31,876 30,694 30,257
               More than one racec 39 86 263 773 916 1,054 1,001
            Unknown ethnicity and race 4,297 4,257 4,541 4,411 3,789 3,268 2,994
         Temporary visa holders 51,467 53,706 56,292 57,519 58,734 62,228 67,950
         Aerospace engineering 3,482 3,691 3,974 4,211 4,251 3,813 3,897
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,116 2,264 2,454 2,721 2,756 2,507 2,498
               Hispanic or Latino 95 101 119 156 182 169 185
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 9 16 11 5 8 8 7
                  Asianc 216 233 241 301 295 228 245
                  Black or African American 57 83 70 55 58 51 50
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 3 7 2 5 3 1
                  White 1,486 1,560 1,697 1,877 1,923 1,785 1,773
                  More than one racec 1 1 18 40 43 47 61
               Unknown ethnicity and race 252 267 291 285 242 216 176
            Temporary visa holders 1,366 1,427 1,520 1,490 1,495 1,306 1,399
         Agricultural engineering 917 1,022 1,084 1,198 1,372 1,254 1,256
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 401 425 483 491 556 504 497
               Hispanic or Latino 9 17 22 22 27 29 33
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 1 0 0 3 2 2 2
                  Asianc 22 22 18 26 38 39 48
                  Black or African American 18 17 28 29 36 27 23
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 2 0 1 0 1 1 0
                  White 322 351 386 373 423 367 364
                  More than one racec 2 0 1 5 8 13 9
               Unknown ethnicity and race 25 18 27 33 21 26 18
            Temporary visa holders 516 597 601 707 816 750 759
         Architecture 4,097 5,211 6,112 6,079 2,772 2,045 1,933
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 3,259 4,230 4,996 4,916 2,049 1,371 1,270
               Hispanic or Latino 184 332 404 376 224 128 131
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 15 32 32 35 14 8 7
                  Asianc 210 267 291 321 143 86 88
                  Black or African American 172 217 230 211 110 112 107
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 4 6 5 7 3 2 2
                  White 2,382 3,008 3,546 3,509 1,338 936 840
                  More than one racec 1 10 31 88 51 32 31
               Unknown ethnicity and race 291 358 457 369 166 67 64
            Temporary visa holders 838 981 1,116 1,163 723 674 663
         Biomedical engineering 5,921 6,262 6,859 7,418 7,931 7,978 8,092
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 3,897 4,087 4,485 5,004 5,408 5,408 5,502
               Hispanic or Latino 219 183 244 270 313 364 384
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 18 19 17 13 15 15 14
                  Asianc 824 806 956 1,052 1,245 1,196 1,190
                  Black or African American 178 182 202 197 222 224 192
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 12 20 14 13 12 9 17
                  White 2,265 2,504 2,700 3,046 3,187 3,158 3,215
                  More than one racec 8 11 38 73 102 126 168
               Unknown ethnicity and race 373 362 314 340 312 316 322
            Temporary visa holders 2,024 2,175 2,374 2,414 2,523 2,570 2,590
         Chemical engineering 6,459 6,762 7,110 7,516 7,639 8,059 8,522
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 3,011 3,079 3,304 3,504 3,603 3,699 3,866
               Hispanic or Latino 207 191 189 230 242 250 272
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 13 13 13 17 12 12 19
                  Asianc 374 399 440 494 515 521 551
                  Black or African American 124 119 128 126 123 138 157
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 15 2 2 11 20 7 5
                  White 2,122 2,170 2,315 2,346 2,438 2,527 2,633
                  More than one racec 1 9 11 34 49 61 63
               Unknown ethnicity and race 155 176 206 246 204 183 166
            Temporary visa holders 3,448 3,683 3,806 4,012 4,036 4,360 4,656
         Civil engineering 11,336 11,909 13,503 14,191 14,363 14,580 14,728
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 6,175 6,378 7,543 7,989 7,809 7,518 7,083
               Hispanic or Latino 515 456 561 689 683 720 741
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 40 32 34 32 43 30 33
                  Asianc 519 545 694 783 765 683 703
                  Black or African American 286 266 313 341 299 299 273
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 15 10 14 22 21 12 9
                  White 4,288 4,524 5,083 5,317 5,285 5,030 4,762
                  More than one racec 5 12 37 232 263 290 143
               Unknown ethnicity and race 507 533 807 573 450 454 419
            Temporary visa holders 5,161 5,531 5,960 6,202 6,554 7,062 7,645
         Electrical engineering 29,076 29,212 29,282 29,977 30,735 31,526 34,660
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 8,448 8,486 8,362 8,904 8,802 8,278 8,130
               Hispanic or Latino 522 507 530 638 648 639 671
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 30 33 33 32 34 30 22
                  Asianc 1,625 1,666 1,656 1,677 1,620 1,577 1,566
                  Black or African American 470 468 481 532 500 391 428
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 40 25 14 15 9 10 11
                  White 4,798 4,674 4,737 5,016 4,903 4,758 4,646
                  More than one racec 11 13 38 102 128 140 163
               Unknown ethnicity and race 952 1,100 873 892 960 733 623
            Temporary visa holders 20,628 20,726 20,920 21,073 21,933 23,248 26,530
         Engineering science 1,432 1,486 1,490 1,502 1,574 1,705 1,575
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 743 784 754 773 783 845 733
               Hispanic or Latino 22 33 38 44 42 46 51
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 5 4 4 1 0 2 3
                  Asianc 117 109 95 108 88 96 79
                  Black or African American 23 24 24 26 28 22 20
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 2 3 0 0 1 1 0
                  White 522 532 502 502 528 547 501
                  More than one racec 1 1 4 13 17 18 18
               Unknown ethnicity and race 51 78 87 79 79 113 61
            Temporary visa holders 689 702 736 729 791 860 842
         Industrial engineering 7,422 8,216 8,362 8,371 8,251 8,115 8,336
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,882 3,144 3,251 3,314 3,253 2,902 2,991
               Hispanic or Latino 209 221 248 266 303 260 268
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 10 12 16 13 13 12 9
                  Asianc 403 363 341 381 353 360 335
                  Black or African American 271 348 322 270 243 217 210
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 4 1 9 4 3 2 14
                  White 1,487 1,779 1,836 1,819 1,876 1,757 1,802
                  More than one racec 0 7 27 27 45 55 53
               Unknown ethnicity and race 498 413 452 534 417 239 300
            Temporary visa holders 4,540 5,072 5,111 5,057 4,998 5,213 5,345
         Mechanical engineering 13,160 13,763 15,609 16,625 16,084 17,000 17,940
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 6,404 6,567 7,462 8,273 7,934 7,916 7,797
               Hispanic or Latino 417 402 447 502 579 605 649
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 25 24 28 32 31 27 27
                  Asianc 849 798 775 890 871 914 927
                  Black or African American 260 250 272 310 303 261 245
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 9 15 13 15 15 13 9
                  White 4,345 4,518 5,286 5,850 5,541 5,448 5,337
                  More than one racec 5 8 32 93 110 162 166
               Unknown ethnicity and race 494 552 609 581 484 486 437
            Temporary visa holders 6,756 7,196 8,147 8,352 8,150 9,084 10,143
         Metallurgical and materials engineering 4,613 4,811 5,181 5,551 5,877 6,126 6,252
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,235 2,302 2,475 2,660 2,714 2,798 2,854
               Hispanic or Latino 96 94 126 140 177 200 198
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 8 12 9 9 8 7 3
                  Asianc 279 300 309 353 349 357 372
                  Black or African American 110 98 85 102 104 107 108
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 9 5 1 2 6 17 3
                  White 1,558 1,635 1,780 1,873 1,866 1,901 1,972
                  More than one racec 2 7 14 30 38 47 58
               Unknown ethnicity and race 173 151 151 151 166 162 140
            Temporary visa holders 2,378 2,509 2,706 2,891 3,163 3,328 3,398
         Mining engineering 142 207 212 361 414 241 267
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 65 93 110 146 143 111 112
               Hispanic or Latino 3 7 9 4 5 4 6
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 0 2 1 1 0 0 1
                  Asianc 5 7 8 4 4 3 3
                  Black or African American 0 3 7 11 6 3 4
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  White 53 72 82 114 117 86 90
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 2 1 4 0
               Unknown ethnicity and race 4 2 3 10 10 11 8
            Temporary visa holders 77 114 102 215 271 130 155
         Nuclear engineering 951 941 968 1,123 1,165 1,162 1,169
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 704 691 702 846 882 864 878
               Hispanic or Latino 35 36 32 43 37 48 53
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 2 3 3 3 4 3 4
                  Asianc 42 41 45 59 59 39 47
                  Black or African American 15 19 16 13 12 8 13
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 5 1 2 2 1 1
                  White 514 536 541 638 682 664 669
                  More than one racec 0 1 0 12 21 16 16
               Unknown ethnicity and race 96 50 64 76 65 85 75
            Temporary visa holders 247 250 266 277 283 298 291
         Petroleum engineering 792 828 993 1,063 1,064 1,289 1,318
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 135 113 139 184 179 245 255
               Hispanic or Latino 10 6 9 12 12 19 18
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
                  Asianc 11 8 14 29 23 32 43
                  Black or African American 29 19 12 19 21 30 30
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                  White 72 72 100 113 110 150 150
                  More than one racec 0 0 0 2 1 0 0
               Unknown ethnicity and race 13 8 4 9 12 13 12
            Temporary visa holders 657 715 854 879 885 1,044 1,063
         Engineering nec 4,513 3,934 4,198 4,606 4,661 4,696 4,807
            U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 2,371 1,906 2,125 2,548 2,548 2,395 2,336
               Hispanic or Latino 130 106 124 134 154 134 140
               Not Hispanic or Latino              
                  American Indian or Alaska Native 6 11 8 11 13 7 8
                  Asianc 263 258 266 277 261 266 244
                  Black or African American 207 170 182 227 216 200 212
                  Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 14 4 9 9 5 1 4
                  White 1,336 1,162 1,328 1,637 1,659 1,580 1,503
                  More than one racec 2 6 12 20 39 43 52
               Unknown ethnicity and race 413 189 196 233 201 164 173
            Temporary visa holders 2,142 2,028 2,073 2,058 2,113 2,301 2,471
   Healthd 65,823 66,053 57,617 52,078 46,124 45,114 44,445
      U.S. citizens and permanent residentsb 59,397 59,221 50,689 45,604 39,991 39,020 37,936
         Hispanic or Latino 3,886 3,688 3,440 3,198 2,906 3,065 3,106
         Not Hispanic or Latino              
            American Indian or Alaska Native 382 407 312 243 209 179 182
            Asianc 4,544 4,187 3,778 3,518 3,072 3,009 2,975
            Black or African American 4,550 5,064 4,583 4,417 4,330 4,301 3,997
            Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanderc 183 191 131 163 235 178 103
            White 41,499 40,690 34,466 30,429 26,013 25,062 24,409
            More than one racec 67 159 242 600 580 837 849
         Unknown ethnicity and race 4,286 4,835 3,737 3,036 2,646 2,389 2,315
      Temporary visa holders 6,426 6,832 6,928 6,474 6,133 6,094 6,509

nec = not elsewhere classified.
a In 2007, eligible fields were reclassified, newly eligible fields were added, and the survey was redesigned to improve coverage and coding of eligible units. 2007 data presented in this table are the data collected in 2007, which were labeled as "2007new" in the past publications. See appendix A in http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf10307/ for more detail on the changes made in 2007.
b Ethnicity and race data are available only for U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
c Reporting of ethnicity and race in 2008–13 has been affected by changes in the reporting of ethnicity and race in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). Starting in 2008, IPEDS respondents were asked to use a new classification that included a category for two or more races (see http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/reic/resource.asp) and separate reporting of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders from Asians. The new classification was optional in 2008 and 2009 IPEDS but mandatory beginning in 2010 and may have contributed to a significant increase in the reporting of Not Hispanic or Latino, More than one race.
d Beginning with 2008, more rigorous follow-up was done with institutions regarding the exclusion of practitioner-oriented graduate degree programs in Psychology and in Other health (a subfield of health). This change may affect interpretation of trends in these fields.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF-NIH Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering.
Data from survey cycle Fall 2013, as of 8 August 2014.