Newer information is available.
Table 21. Graduate students in science, engineering, and health in all institutions, by detailed field, citizenship, ethnicity, and race: 2013
    U.S. citizens and permanent residentsa  
    Not Hispanic or Latino  
Field Total Hispanic or
Latino
American
Indian or
Alaska Native
Asianb Black or
African
American
Native Hawaiian
or Other Pacific
Islanderb
White More than
one raceb
Unknown
ethnicity
and race
Temporary
visa holders
All surveyed fields 633,010 37,283 2,517 37,137 37,197 1,037 281,354 9,160 30,611 196,714
   Science and engineering 570,300 32,819 2,198 32,917 30,911 882 246,518 8,015 26,965 189,075
      Science 417,251 26,585 1,939 23,108 27,199 752 198,105 6,575 21,300 111,688
         Agricultural sciences 16,429 854 105 417 485 26 10,026 235 625 3,656
         Biological sciences 76,649 4,698 315 6,527 3,713 180 38,743 1,176 3,731 17,566
            Anatomy 527 39 3 29 42 2 280 6 14 112
            Biochemistry 4,970 268 22 417 145 20 2,254 53 194 1,597
            Biology 16,004 1,131 55 975 779 28 8,556 256 933 3,291
            Biometry and epidemiology 8,478 410 20 1,009 535 23 3,470 159 388 2,464
            Biophysics 952 52 3 91 18 1 468 12 38 269
            Botany 1,878 76 15 96 24 5 941 38 67 616
            Cell biology 6,543 386 26 637 223 15 3,031 91 280 1,854
            Ecology 1,437 55 9 46 20 4 992 19 113 179
            Entomology and parasitology 1,278 66 4 51 20 0 780 14 53 290
            Genetics 2,315 134 12 148 70 6 1,249 35 73 588
            Microbiology, immunology, and virology 4,961 315 33 409 236 6 2,680 65 186 1,031
            Nutrition 5,387 310 17 397 284 9 3,174 83 239 874
            Pathology 1,112 74 4 79 68 3 541 27 60 256
            Pharmacology 2,979 141 8 268 219 11 1,414 46 75 797
            Physiology 3,224 159 13 376 153 5 1,767 29 81 641
            Zoology 1,188 45 5 32 11 4 858 32 84 117
            Biological sciences nec 13,416 1,037 66 1,467 866 38 6,288 211 853 2,590
         Communication 11,114 843 46 374 931 17 6,278 197 519 1,909
         Computer sciences 56,339 1,681 95 3,547 2,169 44 13,972 428 2,255 32,148
         Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 15,816 765 70 480 337 14 9,885 234 804 3,227
            Atmospheric sciences 1,534 77 2 49 40 0 930 11 82 343
            Geosciences 8,754 390 43 228 164 8 5,446 137 444 1,894
            Oceanography 2,682 158 10 77 27 1 1,772 46 129 462
            Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences nec 2,846 140 15 126 106 5 1,737 40 149 528
         Family and consumer sciences and human sciences 4,014 291 23 148 590 8 2,252 68 172 462
         Mathematical sciences 24,804 971 38 1,512 723 23 9,830 281 984 10,442
            Mathematics and applied mathematics 18,323 818 35 1,048 607 20 7,998 226 779 6,792
            Statistics 6,481 153 3 464 116 3 1,832 55 205 3,650
         Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies 5,892 393 30 287 334 11 3,018 105 557 1,157
         Neuroscience 4,795 298 21 454 156 11 2,779 93 223 760
         Physical sciences 40,019 1,548 94 2,104 985 36 17,772 466 1,421 15,593
            Astronomy 1,250 43 3 72 10 0 715 25 52 330
            Chemistry 22,949 980 52 1,370 754 22 10,090 265 733 8,683
            Physics 15,239 503 36 630 194 12 6,675 166 616 6,407
            Physical sciences nec 581 22 3 32 27 2 292 10 20 173
         Psychologyc 54,102 5,793 338 2,430 5,545 109 31,962 1,163 3,702 3,060
            Clinical psychology 9,909 1,343 75 522 705 27 5,938 200 750 349
            Psychology, general 15,960 1,478 105 727 1,981 33 9,285 358 1,074 919
            Psychology nec 28,233 2,972 158 1,181 2,859 49 16,739 605 1,878 1,792
         Social sciences 107,278 8,450 764 4,828 11,231 273 51,588 2,129 6,307 21,708
            Agricultural economics 1,916 54 4 61 47 0 743 13 70 924
            Anthropology (cultural and social) 8,172 601 117 258 234 26 5,133 209 604 990
            Economics (except agricultural) 14,819 479 21 721 444 12 4,305 137 528 8,172
            Geography 4,891 233 38 156 140 12 2,982 72 348 910
            History and philosophy of science 391 13 4 8 7 1 257 6 23 72
            Linguistics 3,509 202 33 197 66 5 1,611 83 212 1,100
            Political science 48,411 4,212 294 2,335 6,731 147 24,164 976 3,159 6,393
            Sociology 8,960 901 59 417 1,037 9 4,629 203 448 1,257
            Sociology and anthropology 228 18 1 4 60 0 119 2 18 6
            Social sciences nec 15,981 1,737 193 671 2,465 61 7,645 428 897 1,884
      Engineering 153,049 6,234 259 9,809 3,712 130 48,413 1,440 5,665 77,387
         Aerospace engineering 5,181 276 11 364 81 2 2,572 77 246 1,552
         Agricultural engineering 1,642 43 4 68 33 0 512 17 38 927
         Architecture 2,176 143 7 103 124 2 968 32 82 715
         Biomedical engineering 9,198 441 15 1,364 238 21 3,697 182 403 2,837
         Chemical engineering 9,698 317 24 672 190 5 3,117 70 235 5,068
         Civil engineering 20,110 1,235 58 1,139 502 17 7,536 206 755 8,662
         Electrical engineering 45,562 1,268 41 2,675 790 24 8,557 259 1,278 30,670
         Engineering science 2,142 65 5 109 31 1 756 27 91 1,057
         Industrial engineering 14,363 690 31 755 606 29 4,776 123 996 6,357
         Mechanical engineering 24,087 1,063 31 1,466 435 14 8,687 256 839 11,296
         Metallurgical and materials engineering 7,144 228 3 455 126 3 2,428 70 191 3,640
         Mining engineering 357 7 1 7 4 0 137 0 15 186
         Nuclear engineering 1,459 75 4 57 18 2 881 19 92 311
         Petroleum engineering 1,609 35 4 65 44 0 270 0 22 1,169
         Engineering nec 8,321 348 20 510 490 10 3,519 102 382 2,940
   Health 62,710 4,464 319 4,220 6,286 155 34,836 1,145 3,646 7,639
      Clinical medicine 26,362 2,125 177 2,456 4,274 62 12,271 587 1,611 2,799
         Anesthesiology 7 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 0
         Cardiology 32 1 0 0 1 0 7 0 0 23
         Endocrinology 42 3 0 3 4 1 17 0 2 12
         Gastroenterology 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Hematology 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
         Neurology 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Obstetrics and gynecology 68 1 0 21 6 0 31 1 8 0
         Oncology and cancer research 103 2 0 3 4 0 68 0 0 26
         Ophthalmology 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Otorhinolaryngology 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
         Pediatrics 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Preventive medicine and community health 23,909 1,988 168 2,146 4,078 56 10,952 544 1,482 2,495
         Psychiatry 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Pulmonary disease 11 0 0 0 1 0 8 0 0 2
         Radiology 201 7 0 14 8 0 107 10 8 47
         Surgery 8 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 2 1
         Clinical medicine nec 1,979 123 9 268 171 5 1,069 32 109 193
      Other healthc 36,348 2,339 142 1,764 2,012 93 22,565 558 2,035 4,840
         Dental sciences 1,914 94 4 190 47 5 866 23 80 605
         Nursing 4,969 295 35 235 502 13 3,014 70 457 348
         Pharmaceutical sciences 4,137 122 15 310 210 2 1,297 23 132 2,026
         Speech pathology and audiology 14,113 1,040 40 487 535 40 10,625 230 720 396
         Veterinary sciences 1,919 77 4 63 68 2 1,040 16 148 501
         Other health nec 9,296 711 44 479 650 31 5,723 196 498 964

nec = not elsewhere classified.
a Ethnicity and race data are available only for U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
b Reporting of ethnicity and race in 2008–13 has been affected by changes in the reporting of ethnicity and race in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). Starting in 2008, IPEDS respondents were asked to use a new classification that included a category for two or more races (see http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/reic/resource.asp) and separate reporting of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders from Asians. The new classification was optional in 2008 and 2009 IPEDS but mandatory beginning in 2010 and may have contributed to a significant increase in the reporting of Not Hispanic or Latino, More than one race.
c Beginning with 2008, more rigorous follow-up was done with institutions regarding the exclusion of practitioner-oriented graduate degree programs in Psychology and in Other health (a subfield of health). This change may affect interpretation of trends in these fields.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF-NIH Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering, 2013.
Data from survey cycle Fall 2013, as of 8 August 2014.