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Table 22. Female graduate students in science, engineering, and health in all institutions, by detailed field, citizenship, ethnicity, and race: 2013
    U.S. citizens and permanent residentsa  
    Not Hispanic or Latino  
Field Total Hispanic or
Latino
American
Indian or
Alaska Native
Asianb Black or
African
American
Native Hawaiian
or Other Pacific
Islanderb
White More than
one raceb
Unknown
ethnicity
and race
Temporary
visa holders
All surveyed fields 291,380 20,190 1,415 17,738 23,359 585 137,274 5,067 14,995 70,757
   Science and engineering 245,387 16,840 1,185 14,773 18,552 479 110,721 4,191 12,213 66,433
      Science 208,989 15,301 1,112 12,159 17,497 448 100,623 3,811 11,021 47,017
         Agricultural sciences 8,334 479 58 240 281 17 5,014 135 335 1,775
         Biological sciences 43,479 2,771 174 3,700 2,478 110 21,632 727 2,077 9,810
            Anatomy 270 19 1 14 26 0 145 2 8 55
            Biochemistry 2,400 140 10 204 82 12 996 30 99 827
            Biology 8,848 661 29 538 532 15 4,534 161 509 1,869
            Biometry and epidemiology 5,005 253 14 595 375 16 2,138 98 219 1,297
            Biophysics 328 16 1 33 7 0 148 6 9 108
            Botany 930 43 7 48 15 2 448 22 37 308
            Cell biology 3,595 202 12 368 132 8 1,582 52 153 1,086
            Ecology 787 32 3 26 11 1 549 13 53 99
            Entomology and parasitology 618 33 3 21 9 0 375 8 29 140
            Genetics 1,345 80 6 88 48 4 735 25 41 318
            Microbiology, immunology, and virology 2,844 198 22 245 154 3 1,452 38 107 625
            Nutrition 4,385 257 15 320 224 8 2,649 69 198 645
            Pathology 652 38 1 48 41 3 328 12 37 144
            Pharmacology 1,672 78 6 160 143 8 763 27 37 450
            Physiology 1,656 87 6 182 96 3 859 18 40 365
            Zoology 770 31 3 26 10 2 562 21 54 61
            Biological sciences nec 7,374 603 35 784 573 25 3,369 125 447 1,413
         Communication 7,265 552 29 279 653 10 3,969 127 321 1,325
         Computer sciences 14,688 367 27 1,099 727 9 2,621 107 535 9,196
         Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 7,196 406 39 235 156 6 4,522 121 372 1,339
            Atmospheric sciences 501 27 1 19 13 0 260 2 23 156
            Geosciences 3,674 196 23 105 67 4 2,293 65 193 728
            Oceanography 1,525 99 9 46 18 0 1,038 30 72 213
            Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences nec 1,496 84 6 65 58 2 931 24 84 242
         Family and consumer sciences and human sciences 3,342 251 20 123 486 5 1,883 55 140 379
         Mathematical sciences 8,744 301 9 584 281 5 3,129 98 294 4,043
            Mathematics and applied mathematics 6,005 248 8 383 238 4 2,554 80 224 2,266
            Statistics 2,739 53 1 201 43 1 575 18 70 1,777
         Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies 2,871 224 17 146 192 9 1,451 66 274 492
         Neuroscience 2,484 165 8 256 93 8 1,421 45 113 375
         Physical sciences 13,018 549 34 811 458 18 5,359 182 415 5,192
            Astronomy 422 10 2 29 2 0 233 12 23 111
            Chemistry 9,369 444 22 620 401 15 3,866 122 287 3,592
            Physics 3,009 83 8 149 41 3 1,148 42 101 1,434
            Physical sciences nec 218 12 2 13 14 0 112 6 4 55
         Psychologyc 40,570 4,410 250 1,859 4,487 89 23,498 881 2,830 2,266
            Clinical psychology 7,693 1,051 57 425 568 25 4,553 154 588 272
            Psychology, general 11,378 1,067 72 526 1,587 23 6,424 261 787 631
            Psychology nec 21,499 2,292 121 908 2,332 41 12,521 466 1,455 1,363
         Social sciences 56,998 4,826 447 2,827 7,205 162 26,124 1,267 3,315 10,825
            Agricultural economics 816 22 1 38 17 0 281 7 25 425
            Anthropology (cultural and social) 5,260 395 66 170 168 16 3,345 151 375 574
            Economics (except agricultural) 5,417 163 9 308 153 6 1,178 44 153 3,403
            Geography 2,126 110 23 89 69 7 1,234 33 150 411
            History and philosophy of science 194 7 1 6 4 1 126 3 8 38
            Linguistics 2,143 136 18 139 53 4 924 52 118 699
            Political science 25,498 2,312 172 1,361 4,273 79 11,692 554 1,655 3,400
            Sociology 5,668 552 29 275 710 5 2,929 132 290 746
            Sociology and anthropology 157 13 1 2 47 0 75 1 13 5
            Social sciences nec 9,719 1,116 127 439 1,711 44 4,340 290 528 1,124
      Engineering 36,398 1,539 73 2,614 1,055 31 10,098 380 1,192 19,416
         Aerospace engineering 741 50 2 66 15 0 349 12 33 214
         Agricultural engineering 644 13 3 30 17 0 164 5 16 396
         Architecture 1,001 56 1 68 48 1 427 15 39 346
         Biomedical engineering 3,665 183 5 509 115 6 1,404 74 151 1,218
         Chemical engineering 3,023 102 8 236 79 1 809 22 72 1,694
         Civil engineering 5,881 389 24 368 140 7 2,154 74 222 2,503
         Electrical engineering 9,155 184 7 528 136 3 936 39 177 7,145
         Engineering science 420 17 1 20 5 0 133 6 19 219
         Industrial engineering 3,642 173 7 202 200 6 993 36 188 1,837
         Mechanical engineering 3,636 197 5 270 93 4 1,189 51 134 1,693
         Metallurgical and materials engineering 2,021 70 0 142 49 0 604 19 59 1,078
         Mining engineering 62 2 1 0 0 0 27 0 4 28
         Nuclear engineering 221 8 1 13 9 0 121 7 11 51
         Petroleum engineering 335 8 0 19 10 0 45 0 6 247
         Engineering nec 1,951 87 8 143 139 3 743 20 61 747
   Health 45,993 3,350 230 2,965 4,807 106 26,553 876 2,782 4,324
      Clinical medicine 18,795 1,533 126 1,723 3,233 36 8,807 447 1,179 1,711
         Anesthesiology 3 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0
         Cardiology 14 1 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 9
         Endocrinology 27 2 0 2 3 1 12 0 1 6
         Gastroenterology 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Hematology 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Neurology 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Obstetrics and gynecology 55 0 0 18 4 0 26 1 6 0
         Oncology and cancer research 59 0 0 2 4 0 35 0 0 18
         Ophthalmology 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Otorhinolaryngology 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
         Pediatrics 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Preventive medicine and community health 17,407 1,458 122 1,545 3,096 32 8,048 427 1,116 1,563
         Psychiatry 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Pulmonary disease 8 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 2
         Radiology 58 2 0 3 3 0 27 1 3 19
         Surgery 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
         Clinical medicine nec 1,163 70 4 153 121 3 647 18 53 94
      Other healthc 27,198 1,817 104 1,242 1,574 70 17,746 429 1,603 2,613
         Dental sciences 890 46 3 102 29 1 348 15 46 300
         Nursing 4,439 247 29 198 467 10 2,727 64 409 288
         Pharmaceutical sciences 2,140 85 10 177 143 1 677 11 70 966
         Speech pathology and audiology 13,277 967 38 448 503 38 10,081 210 670 322
         Veterinary sciences 1,239 51 3 35 50 2 723 13 109 253
         Other health nec 5,213 421 21 282 382 18 3,190 116 299 484

nec = not elsewhere classified.
a Ethnicity and race data are available only for U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
b Reporting of ethnicity and race in 2008–13 has been affected by changes in the reporting of ethnicity and race in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). Starting in 2008, IPEDS respondents were asked to use a new classification that included a category for two or more races (see http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/reic/resource.asp) and separate reporting of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders from Asians. The new classification was optional in 2008 and 2009 IPEDS but mandatory beginning in 2010 and may have contributed to a significant increase in the reporting of Not Hispanic or Latino, More than one race.
c Beginning with 2008, more rigorous follow-up was done with institutions regarding the exclusion of practitioner-oriented graduate degree programs in Psychology and in Other health (a subfield of health). This change may affect interpretation of trends in these fields.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF-NIH Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering, 2013.
Data from survey cycle Fall 2013, as of 8 August 2014.