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Table 43. Female postdoctoral appointees in science, engineering, and health in all institutions, by detailed field, citizenship, ethnicity, and race: 2013
    U.S. citizens and permanent residentsa  
    Not Hispanic or Latino  
Field Total Hispanic or
Latino
American
Indian or
Alaska Native
Asian Black or
African
American
Native Hawaiian
or Other Pacific
Islander
White More than
one race
Unknown
ethnicity
and race
Temporary
visa holders
All surveyed fields 24,357 768 71 2,418 619 54 7,827 124 1,447 11,029
   Science and engineering 15,537 458 40 1,431 327 39 4,877 70 1,023 7,272
      Science 13,949 423 40 1,287 311 36 4,551 65 866 6,370
         Agricultural sciences 542 16 0 54 9 1 184 5 52 221
         Biological sciences 8,445 255 25 814 179 22 2,538 34 496 4,082
            Anatomy 126 7 0 17 0 0 45 1 1 55
            Biochemistry 789 32 1 87 16 1 219 2 50 381
            Biology 931 31 7 88 16 0 305 5 69 410
            Biometry and epidemiology 275 7 2 18 19 3 114 2 13 97
            Biophysics 53 2 0 5 0 0 8 1 8 29
            Botany 237 12 0 17 2 0 65 1 34 106
            Cell biology 1,053 27 0 103 15 10 262 3 126 507
            Ecology 47 0 0 7 1 0 19 0 6 14
            Entomology and parasitology 121 3 0 7 0 0 48 1 8 54
            Genetics 596 9 1 65 6 0 183 2 34 296
            Microbiology, immunology, and virology 1,026 35 2 96 32 1 341 7 51 461
            Nutrition 147 3 0 17 6 2 53 0 10 56
            Pathology 678 15 4 63 14 0 176 3 21 382
            Pharmacology 563 19 4 59 13 2 188 2 17 259
            Physiology 634 17 2 62 19 0 197 2 16 319
            Zoology 40 0 0 4 2 0 21 0 4 9
            Biological sciences nec 1,129 36 2 99 18 3 294 2 28 647
         Communication 31 2 0 1 1 0 15 0 3 9
         Computer sciences 140 6 1 19 11 0 27 1 8 67
         Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 765 19 1 63 2 2 327 7 40 304
            Atmospheric sciences 61 0 0 9 1 0 10 1 7 33
            Geosciences 265 6 0 17 0 2 104 4 18 114
            Oceanography 193 5 1 12 0 0 100 2 7 66
            Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences nec 246 8 0 25 1 0 113 0 8 91
         Family and consumer sciences and human sciences 62 1 0 12 4 0 28 1 3 13
         Mathematical sciences 187 3 0 15 3 0 61 2 22 81
            Mathematics and applied mathematics 155 3 0 11 1 0 51 2 15 72
            Statistics 32 0 0 4 2 0 10 0 7 9
         Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies 328 5 0 34 7 2 149 0 18 113
         Neuroscience 730 32 3 60 6 0 215 4 50 360
         Physical sciences 1,655 35 6 136 29 5 453 6 99 886
            Astronomy 115 1 1 4 0 3 50 0 9 47
            Chemistry 974 19 2 89 25 1 270 4 34 530
            Physics 503 15 3 38 3 1 112 2 55 274
            Physical sciences nec 63 0 0 5 1 0 21 0 1 35
         Psychology 601 21 1 43 25 1 365 3 33 109
            Clinical psychology 74 3 0 3 8 0 57 0 2 1
            Psychology, general 323 9 0 22 8 1 190 2 21 70
            Psychology nec 204 9 1 18 9 0 118 1 10 38
         Social sciences 463 28 3 36 35 3 189 2 42 125
            Agricultural economics 29 1 0 5 0 0 8 0 5 10
            Anthropology (cultural and social) 71 3 1 2 6 0 42 0 5 12
            Economics (except agricultural) 17 0 0 3 0 0 3 0 4 7
            Geography 40 1 0 3 0 1 20 0 1 14
            History and philosophy of science 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2
            Linguistics 18 0 0 2 2 0 5 0 1 8
            Political science 111 5 1 7 7 0 53 0 12 26
            Sociology 58 5 0 4 4 2 23 1 3 16
            Sociology and anthropology 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
            Social sciences nec 113 13 1 10 16 0 34 1 8 30
      Engineering 1,588 35 0 144 16 3 326 5 157 902
         Aerospace engineering 30 1 0 1 0 0 7 0 3 18
         Agricultural engineering 40 0 0 6 0 1 7 0 3 23
         Architecture 6 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 3
         Biomedical engineering 352 7 0 35 7 0 90 0 43 170
         Chemical engineering 306 11 0 32 4 0 59 1 13 186
         Civil engineering 161 4 0 12 1 0 45 1 16 82
         Electrical engineering 187 3 0 11 1 0 29 1 34 108
         Engineering science 46 0 0 3 0 0 12 0 0 31
         Industrial engineering 30 1 0 3 0 0 11 0 3 12
         Mechanical engineering 166 4 0 18 2 0 30 0 11 101
         Metallurgical and materials engineering 174 2 0 20 0 1 26 0 15 110
         Mining engineering 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
         Nuclear engineering 11 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 3 5
         Petroleum engineering 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 10
         Engineering nec 67 2 0 3 1 1 5 0 13 42
   Health 8,820 310 31 987 292 15 2,950 54 424 3,757
      Clinical medicine 7,533 250 29 846 250 15 2,475 52 366 3,250
         Anesthesiology 169 4 0 20 0 0 42 0 6 97
         Cardiology 318 2 2 33 10 0 76 1 25 169
         Endocrinology 224 11 5 21 3 0 69 6 5 104
         Gastroenterology 150 1 2 11 4 0 38 1 5 88
         Hematology 179 4 0 22 7 0 46 1 5 94
         Neurology 438 15 0 30 10 6 130 4 17 226
         Obstetrics and gynecology 183 4 1 15 8 0 74 2 6 73
         Oncology and cancer research 822 24 1 94 26 0 225 3 15 434
         Ophthalmology 235 10 2 19 6 1 44 1 12 140
         Otorhinolaryngology 73 4 0 4 0 0 30 1 1 33
         Pediatrics 924 36 2 117 37 4 381 4 43 300
         Preventive medicine and community health 412 21 1 34 32 0 160 5 21 138
         Psychiatry 654 25 1 58 21 0 342 3 62 142
         Pulmonary disease 136 5 1 16 7 0 64 0 1 42
         Radiology 312 8 2 34 5 1 65 2 12 183
         Surgery 478 22 1 46 14 0 143 2 20 230
         Clinical medicine nec 1,826 54 8 272 60 3 546 16 110 757
      Other health 1,287 60 2 141 42 0 475 2 58 507
         Dental sciences 138 1 0 21 6 0 32 0 7 71
         Nursing 67 3 0 2 9 0 35 0 3 15
         Pharmaceutical sciences 372 10 1 53 8 0 108 1 11 180
         Speech pathology and audiology 30 3 0 4 0 0 18 0 2 3
         Veterinary sciences 300 14 0 25 7 0 149 0 25 80
         Other health nec 380 29 1 36 12 0 133 1 10 158

nec = not elsewhere classified.
a Ethnicity and race data are available only for U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
NOTE: "Field" refers to the field of the unit that reports postdocs to the Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF-NIH Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering, 2013.
Data from survey cycle Fall 2013, as of 8 August 2014.