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Table 81. Higher education R&D expenditures, by source of funds, R&D field, and survey population: FY 2013
(Dollars in thousands)
  Survey population
Source of funds and R&D field All
institutions
Short form HERD
All R&D expenditures 67,173,419 132,265 67,041,154
    Source of funds      
        Federal government 39,535,199 65,042 39,470,157
        State and local government 3,666,940 9,215 3,657,725
        Institution funds 15,011,613 37,690 14,973,923
        Business 3,505,552 4,244 3,501,308
        Nonprofit organizations 3,874,135 14,042 3,860,093
        All other sources 1,579,980 2,032 1,577,948
    R&D field      
        Science 52,765,521 99,559 52,665,962
            Computer sciences 2,073,175 4,982 2,068,193
            Environmental sciences 3,208,984 9,827 3,199,157
            Life sciences 37,631,306 46,106 37,585,200
            Mathematical sciences 674,690 3,702 670,988
            Physical sciences 4,664,313 18,290 4,646,023
            Psychology 1,157,497 5,795 1,151,702
            Social sciences 2,175,769 5,745 2,170,024
            Sciences, nec 1,179,787 5,112 1,174,675
        Engineering 10,737,839 9,154 10,728,685
        Non-S&E 3,670,059 23,552 3,646,507

HERD = higher education research and development; nec = not elsewhere classified; S&E = science and engineering.
NOTE: Institutions are included in the short form population if they reported less than $1 million in total R&D expenditures during the previous fiscal year.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Higher Education Research and Development Survey, FY 2013.
Data from survey cycle FY 2013, as of 31 July 2014.