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Table A-15. Imputed amounts for total and federally financed higher education R&D expenditures at institutions in the HERD survey population, by R&D field: FY 2013
(Dollars in millions)
  Total Federally financed
R&D field All separately budgeted
R&D expenditures
Imputed amount Imputed amount
as % of total
All separately budgeted
R&D expenditures
Imputed amount Imputed amount
as % of total
All R&D fields 67,041 59 0.1 39,470 40 0.1
     All science and engineering 63,395 514 0.8 38,294 99 0.3
          Computer sciences 2,068 8 0.4 1,552 2 0.1
          Environmental sciences 3,199 22 0.7 2,097 5 0.2
               Atmospheric sciences 494 7 1.4 398 7 1.7
               Earth sciences 1,164 16 1.4 768 5 0.6
               Oceanography 1,052 10 0.9 662 9 1.4
               Environmental sciences, nec 489 24 4.9 268 20 7.4
          Life sciences 37,585 355 0.9 22,250 73 0.3
               Agricultural sciences 3,354 15 0.5 1,112 6 0.5
               Biological sciences 11,725 139 1.2 7,640 28 0.4
               Medical sciences 20,427 180 0.9 12,272 26 0.2
               Life sciences, nec 2,079 26 1.3 1,227 15 1.2
          Mathematical sciences 671 4 0.6 465 1 0.1
          Physical sciences 4,646 47 1.0 3,309 8 0.2
               Astronomy 558 8 1.3 400 0 0.1
               Chemistry 1,706 15 0.9 1,136 3 0.3
               Physics 2,093 21 1.0 1,564 3 0.2
               Physical sciences, nec 288 3 1.2 209 1 0.6
          Psychology 1,152 3 0.2 789 1 0.1
          Social sciences 2,170 9 0.4 897 1 0.2
               Economics 407 1 0.3 137 0 0.1
               Political sciences 427 2 0.5 144 0 0.2
               Sociology 481 2 0.4 237 0 0.1
               Social sciences, nec 855 4 0.4 379 1 0.2
          Sciences, nec 1,175 5 0.4 442 1 0.1
          Engineering 10,729 62 0.6 6,493 8 0.1
               Aeronautical and astronautical engineering 690 122 17.6 513 100 19.5
               Bioengineering and biomedical engineering 885 62 7.0 557 27 4.8
               Chemical engineering 909 70 7.7 479 22 4.6
               Civil engineering 1,296 88 6.8 577 15 2.7
               Electrical engineering 2,414 328 13.6 1,642 251 15.3
               Mechanical engineering 1,647 248 15.1 1,061 185 17.4
               Metallurgical and materials engineering 812 34 4.1 465 3 0.6
               Engineering, nec 2,075 364 17.5 1,198 283 23.6
     All non-science and engineering 3,647 22 0.6 1,176 6 0.5
          Business and management 476 3 0.7 95 0 0.1
          Communications, journalism, and library science 149 0 0.2 51 0 0.1
          Education 1,218 4 0.3 665 1 0.1
          Humanities 389 6 1.5 77 0 0.6
          Law 174 0 0.2 23 0 0.3
          Social work 212 0 0.2 112 0 0.1
          Visual and performing arts 88 1 1.1 7 0 0.4
          Non-science and engineering, nec 940 7 0.8 146 4 2.8

HERD = higher education research and development; nec = not elsewhere classified.
NOTES: Imputation rate at total level is lower than imputation rates at detail levels because some institutions could provide totals but not details. Because of rounding, detail may not add to total. Percentages calculated on unrounded numbers. This table includes only institutions reporting $1 million or more in total R&D expenditures in FY 2012. Institutions reporting less than $1 million in total R&D expenditures in FY 2012 completed a shorter version of the survey form in FY 2013, and that form did not include this question.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Higher Education Research and Development Survey, FY 2013.
Data from survey cycle FY 2013, as of 31 July 2014.