Table A-17. Imputed amounts for higher education R&D expenditures, by type of cost: FY 2017
(Dollars in millions)
Type of cost
All R&D expenditures
Imputed amount as % of total
Salaries, wages, and fringe benefits
Passed through to subrecipients
Other direct costs
NOTES: Imputation rate at total level is lower than imputation rates at detail levels because some institutions could provide totals but not details. Because of rounding, detail may not add to total. Percentages calculated on unrounded numbers. This table includes only institutions reporting $1 million or more in total R&D expenditures in FY 2016. Institutions reporting less than $1 million in total R&D expenditures in FY 2016 completed a shorter version of the survey form in FY 2017 that did not include this question.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Higher Education Research and Development Survey, FY 2017.