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Table 7-3. Employed U.S. scientists and engineers with a master's as the highest degree, by field of highest degree, employment sector, and primary or secondary work activity: 2013
 

Level and field of highest degree and employment sector                Primary or secondary work activity
Employed scientists and engineers Computer applications Management, sales, administration Research and development Teaching Other
Number SE Number SE Number SE Number SE Number SE Number SE
Master's 6,882,000 109,500 730,000 21,500 3,874,000 71,000 1,951,000 42,500 1,748,000 54,500 2,483,000 47,000
Business/ industry 4,171,000 68,500 608,000 18,500 2,639,000 48,500 1,248,000 31,000 313,000 15,500 1,663,000 34,000
4-year college/ university 537,000 21,000 46,000 4,000 207,000 12,500 237,000 12,000 208,000 13,000 158,000 9,500
Other educational institution 1,448,000 55,000 19,000 4,000 557,000 30,000 251,000 17,500 1,158,000 47,500 358,000 20,000
Government 726,000 22,500 57,000 6,500 472,000 19,000 215,000 10,000 70,000 7,000 305,000 15,000
S&E field 2,596,000 47,500 513,000 15,500 1,378,000 29,000 1,058,000 26,500 391,000 18,500 780,000 24,500
Business/ industry 1,720,000 34,000 437,000 14,500 992,000 23,500 705,000 20,500 70,000 7,000 517,000 17,500
4-year college/ university 244,000 12,000 32,000 3,000 60,000 5,500 162,000 9,500 88,000 7,000 49,000 5,000
Other educational institution 304,000 19,500 6,000 1,500 114,000 11,000 59,000 6,000 213,000 15,000 100,000 11,500
Government 328,000 13,500 38,000 4,000 212,000 11,500 132,000 7,500 20,000 3,500 114,000 8,000
Science 1,902,000 41,000 352,000 13,000 999,000 25,000 668,000 22,000 360,000 18,500 645,000 22,000
Business/ industry 1,168,000 28,500 293,000 11,500 680,000 20,000 394,000 16,500 64,000 7,000 410,000 16,000
4-year college/ university 205,000 12,000 25,000 3,000 56,000 5,500 129,000 9,000 79,000 6,500 45,000 4,500
Other educational institution 291,000 19,000 4,000 1,500 113,000 11,000 54,000 6,000 202,000 14,500 99,000 11,500
Government 238,000 11,500 30,000 3,500 150,000 9,500 91,000 6,500 15,000 3,000 91,000 7,500
Biological/ agricultural/ environmental life sciences 273,000 14,500 14,000 3,500 140,000 11,000 120,000 9,000 54,000 5,500 85,000 6,500
Business/ industry 149,000 10,500 10,000 3,500 85,000 7,500 57,000 6,000 13,000 3,000 52,000 5,000
4-year college/ university 43,000 4,000 2,000 1,000 11,000 2,000 32,000 4,000 10,000 2,000 9,000 2,500
Other educational institution 34,000 4,500 D D 15,000 3,500 7,000 2,000 28,000 4,000 6,000 2,500
Government 47,000 5,000 1,000 500 29,000 4,500 24,000 3,000 3,000 1,500 18,000 2,500
Agricultural/ food sciences 40,000 8,000 1,000 1,000 22,000 5,500 20,000 5,000 8,000 2,500 13,000 3,500
Business/ industry 25,000 5,500 S S 14,000 3,500 11,000 3,500 3,000 1,500 9,000 3,000
4-year college/ university 5,000 1,000 D D 2,000 1,000 3,000 1,000 2,000 1,000 1,000 500
Other educational institution S S D D D D D D S S D D
Government 7,000 2,500 D D 6,000 2,500 5,000 2,500 D D 2,000 1,000
Biological sciences 194,000 10,500 11,000 3,000 92,000 7,500 87,000 6,000 43,000 5,000 60,000 5,500
Business/ industry 103,000 8,000 7,000 3,000 56,000 6,000 41,000 4,000 10,000 2,500 36,000 4,000
4-year college/ university 34,000 4,000 2,000 500 8,000 2,000 26,000 3,500 7,000 1,500 8,000 2,500
Other educational institution 30,000 4,500 D D 13,000 3,500 7,000 2,000 24,000 3,500 5,000 1,500
Government 27,000 3,000 1,000 500 15,000 2,500 14,000 2,000 3,000 1,000 11,000 2,000
Environmental life sciences 40,000 4,500 S S 26,000 4,000 13,000 2,500 3,000 1,000 12,000 2,500
Business/ industry 21,000 4,000 S S 15,000 3,500 5,000 1,500 D D 7,000 2,000
4-year college/ university 4,000 1,500 D D 2,000 1,000 3,000 1,500 S S * *
Other educational institution 2,000 1,000 D D D D S S 1,000 1,000 D D
Government 13,000 2,500 D D 9,000 2,000 4,000 1,000 D D 5,000 1,500
Computer/ mathematical sciences 626,000 19,500 288,000 11,000 303,000 14,500 250,000 11,500 78,000 7,500 110,000 9,500
Business/ industry 458,000 15,000 250,000 10,000 231,000 11,500 192,000 10,000 9,000 2,500 77,000 7,000
4-year college/ university 51,000 5,500 16,000 2,500 12,000 3,000 27,000 3,500 21,000 3,000 7,000 2,000
Other educational institution 69,000 10,000 3,000 1,500 31,000 8,000 11,000 2,500 48,000 6,000 16,000 7,000
Government 49,000 6,000 19,000 3,000 29,000 4,500 20,000 4,000 * * 9,000 3,000
Computer/ information sciences 481,000 17,000 253,000 10,500 239,000 11,500 196,000 11,000 29,000 5,500 78,000 7,000
Business/ industry 388,000 14,500 221,000 9,500 194,000 10,000 165,000 9,500 7,000 2,500 61,000 6,000
4-year college/ university 27,000 3,500 13,000 2,500 8,000 2,000 13,000 3,000 5,000 1,500 5,000 1,500
Other educational institution 26,000 5,500 2,000 1,500 12,000 3,500 3,000 1,500 16,000 4,500 S S
Government 39,000 5,500 16,000 3,000 25,000 4,500 14,000 3,500 D D 7,000 2,500
Mathematics/ statistics 145,000 11,000 35,000 4,000 64,000 8,500 54,000 5,000 50,000 5,000 32,000 7,000
Business/ industry 70,000 7,000 29,000 4,000 37,000 5,500 27,000 3,500 S S 16,000 3,000
4-year college/ university 24,000 3,500 3,000 1,500 4,000 2,000 13,000 2,500 16,000 2,500 2,000 1,000
Other educational institution 42,000 8,000 * * 19,000 7,000 8,000 2,000 32,000 4,500 12,000 6,500
Government 9,000 2,000 3,000 1,000 4,000 1,500 5,000 1,500 D D 2,000 1,000
Physical sciences 145,000 7,500 16,000 2,000 71,000 6,000 74,000 5,000 31,000 4,000 36,000 3,500
Business/ industry 84,000 6,500 9,000 2,000 49,000 5,500 39,000 3,500 S S 25,000 3,500
4-year college/ university 25,000 3,000 4,000 1,000 3,000 1,000 22,000 3,000 11,000 2,500 3,000 1,000
Other educational institution 19,000 3,500 D D 8,000 2,500 4,000 1,500 18,000 3,500 1,000 500
Government 18,000 2,000 2,000 1,000 10,000 2,000 9,000 1,500 D D 6,000 1,500
Chemistry, except biochemistry 54,000 5,500 2,000 1,000 26,000 5,000 25,000 3,000 14,000 3,000 13,000 2,500
Business/ industry 32,000 4,500 1,000 1,000 19,000 4,000 14,000 2,500 * * 10,000 2,500
4-year college/ university 9,000 2,000 D D 2,000 1,000 8,000 2,000 4,000 1,500 S S
Other educational institution 10,000 3,000 D D S S S S 9,000 3,000 1,000 500
Government 3,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500 1,000 500 D D 1,000 500
Earth/ atmospheric/ ocean sciences 55,000 5,000 5,000 1,500 31,000 4,000 29,000 3,000 9,000 2,000 14,000 2,500
Business/ industry 32,000 4,000 2,000 500 20,000 3,500 16,000 2,500 1,000 500 10,000 2,500
4-year college/ university 5,000 1,500 S S * * 5,000 1,500 1,000 500 * *
Other educational institution 7,000 1,500 D D 3,000 1,000 2,000 1,000 7,000 1,500 D D
Government 11,000 2,000 2,000 1,000 7,000 1,500 6,000 1,500 D D 4,000 1,000
Physics/ astronomy 33,000 3,500 9,000 2,000 12,000 2,000 19,000 2,000 9,000 2,000 8,000 2,000
Business/ industry 18,000 3,000 6,000 1,500 9,000 2,000 8,000 1,500 D D 6,000 1,500
4-year college/ university 11,000 2,000 3,000 1,000 S S 10,000 2,000 6,000 1,500 2,000 1,000
Other educational institution 2,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500 D D 2,000 1,000 D D
Government 2,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500 1,000 500 D D 1,000 500
Other physical sciences 3,000 1,000 D D 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 D D 1,000 1,000
Business/ industry 1,000 1,000 D D S S D D D D D D
4-year college/ university D D D D D D D D D D D D
Other educational institution D D D D D D D D D D D D
Government S S D D S S S S D D D D
Social sciences 858,000 27,500 34,000 4,500 485,000 19,000 224,000 13,000 196,000 13,500 414,000 18,000
Business/ industry 478,000 18,500 23,000 4,000 314,000 14,500 105,000 9,500 40,000 5,500 255,000 12,500
4-year college/ university 86,000 8,500 3,000 1,000 30,000 4,500 47,000 6,500 37,000 4,500 26,000 3,500
Other educational institution 169,000 13,000 * * 59,000 7,000 32,000 5,000 108,000 11,000 76,000 8,500
Government 124,000 9,000 8,000 1,500 81,000 7,500 39,000 5,000 11,000 3,000 58,000 6,500
Economics 90,000 7,000 7,000 2,500 66,000 6,500 29,000 4,000 8,000 2,000 24,000 3,500
Business/ industry 68,000 6,500 6,000 2,500 56,000 6,000 18,000 3,500 S S 20,000 3,500
4-year college/ university 8,000 2,000 1,000 500 1,000 1,000 5,000 1,500 4,000 1,500 2,000 1,000
Other educational institution 3,000 1,500 D D 1,000 500 S S 3,000 1,500 D D
Government 12,000 2,000 * * 8,000 2,000 4,000 1,500 D D 3,000 1,500
Political/ related sciences 144,000 10,500 12,000 2,500 107,000 9,500 39,000 4,500 17,000 3,500 56,000 7,000
Business/ industry 82,000 7,500 7,000 2,000 65,000 7,000 18,000 3,000 3,000 1,500 35,000 5,000
4-year college/ university 12,000 3,000 D D 4,000 2,000 7,000 2,000 5,000 2,000 2,000 1,500
Other educational institution 9,000 2,500 D D 6,000 2,000 S S 6,000 2,000 2,000 1,500
Government 42,000 6,000 4,000 1,500 31,000 5,500 12,000 2,500 S S 16,000 4,500
Psychology 435,000 19,500 4,000 1,500 214,000 12,500 99,000 9,000 104,000 10,000 276,000 14,500
Business/ industry 248,000 13,500 3,000 1,500 133,000 10,000 53,000 7,000 29,000 4,500 171,000 11,500
4-year college/ university 37,000 5,000 * * 15,000 3,500 20,000 4,000 14,000 2,500 13,000 2,500
Other educational institution 109,000 10,500 D D 42,000 6,000 16,000 3,000 55,000 8,000 62,000 7,000
Government 40,000 5,000 S S 23,000 3,500 9,000 3,000 6,000 1,500 30,000 4,000
Sociology/ anthropology 65,000 6,000 2,000 1,000 38,000 5,500 21,000 3,500 20,000 4,000 18,000 3,500
Business/ industry 32,000 4,500 S S 25,000 4,500 6,000 1,500 4,000 2,000 11,000 3,000
4-year college/ university 8,000 1,500 S S 3,000 1,000 4,000 1,000 4,000 1,500 1,000 500
Other educational institution 14,000 3,500 D D 5,000 2,000 6,000 2,500 11,000 3,000 1,000 1,000
Government 10,000 2,000 D D 6,000 1,500 4,000 1,500 D D 4,000 1,500
Other social sciences 124,000 9,500 9,000 2,500 60,000 6,000 37,000 6,500 48,000 6,500 40,000 6,000
Business/ industry 48,000 5,500 6,000 2,500 35,000 5,000 10,000 2,500 3,000 1,000 18,000 3,500
4-year college/ university 21,000 5,000 S S 6,000 2,000 11,000 4,500 9,000 2,500 7,000 3,000
Other educational institution 35,000 6,000 D D 6,000 2,000 7,000 3,500 34,000 6,000 10,000 4,000
Government 20,000 3,500 2,000 1,500 13,000 3,000 9,000 2,500 S S 5,000 2,000
Engineering 694,000 17,500 161,000 8,000 379,000 13,000 390,000 13,000 31,000 3,500 135,000 7,000
Business/ industry 552,000 15,000 144,000 7,500 312,000 11,000 312,000 11,500 5,000 1,500 108,000 6,500
4-year college/ university 39,000 3,500 8,000 1,500 5,000 1,000 33,000 3,500 10,000 1,500 4,000 1,500
Other educational institution 13,000 3,000 D D S S 5,000 2,500 11,000 3,000 S S
Government 90,000 6,500 8,000 1,500 62,000 5,500 40,000 4,000 5,000 2,000 23,000 3,500
Aerospace/ related engineering 32,000 4,000 4,000 1,500 22,000 4,000 16,000 3,000 1,000 500 5,000 1,500
Business/ industry 20,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 14,000 3,000 12,000 2,500 D D 4,000 1,500
4-year college/ university 2,000 1,000 S S D D 2,000 1,000 * * D D
Other educational institution D D D D D D D D D D D D
Government 9,000 3,000 S S 8,000 3,000 3,000 1,000 D D S S
Chemical engineering 26,000 3,500 3,000 1,500 12,000 2,000 16,000 2,500 1,000 1,000 7,000 2,000
Business/ industry 21,000 3,000 3,000 1,500 10,000 2,000 13,000 2,500 D D 6,000 2,000
4-year college/ university 2,000 1,000 D D * * 2,000 1,000 D D D D
Other educational institution D D D D D D D D D D D D
Government 2,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500 1,000 500 D D S S
Civil/ architectural engineering 97,000 6,000 9,000 2,500 61,000 5,000 52,000 4,000 6,000 2,000 19,000 2,500
Business/ industry 62,000 4,500 6,000 2,000 41,000 4,000 37,000 3,500 S S 12,000 2,000
4-year college/ university 5,000 1,000 1,000 500 * * 4,000 1,000 2,000 1,000 S S
Other educational institution 3,000 1,500 D D D D D D 2,000 1,500 D D
Government 28,000 3,500 2,000 1,000 20,000 3,000 10,000 1,500 D D 6,000 1,500
Electrical/ computer engineering 254,000 10,500 113,000 6,000 108,000 7,000 148,000 7,500 7,000 2,000 38,000 4,000
Business/ industry 221,000 9,500 106,000 6,000 98,000 6,500 124,000 6,500 2,000 1,000 33,000 4,000
4-year college/ university 12,000 2,000 3,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 10,000 1,500 2,000 1,000 D D
Other educational institution 4,000 2,000 D D D D D D 3,000 2,000 D D
Government 17,000 3,000 3,000 1,000 9,000 2,000 12,000 2,000 D D 4,000 1,500
Industrial engineering 46,000 4,500 3,000 1,000 35,000 4,000 22,000 3,500 4,000 2,000 8,000 2,000
Business/ industry 41,000 4,000 3,000 1,000 34,000 4,000 19,000 3,000 * * 8,000 2,000
4-year college/ university S S D D * * S S S S D D
Other educational institution S S D D D D S S S S D D
Government 1,000 500 D D 1,000 500 * * D D * *
Mechanical engineering 115,000 6,500 13,000 2,500 65,000 5,000 73,000 5,500 8,000 1,500 21,000 3,000
Business/ industry 94,000 6,000 11,000 2,500 56,000 4,500 61,000 4,500 S S 16,000 2,500
4-year college/ university 9,000 2,000 1,000 500 2,000 1,000 7,000 2,000 3,000 1,500 S S
Other educational institution S S D D D D D D S S D D
Government 10,000 2,000 * * 7,000 2,000 5,000 2,000 D D 3,000 1,500
Other engineering 124,000 7,500 14,000 2,500 75,000 6,000 63,000 5,000 4,000 1,000 38,000 4,500
Business/ industry 92,000 6,500 12,000 2,500 58,000 5,000 46,000 4,500 2,000 1,000 29,000 3,500
4-year college/ university 8,000 1,500 2,000 500 1,000 500 7,000 1,500 1,000 500 1,000 500
Other educational institution 1,000 500 D D D D D D 1,000 500 D D
Government 22,000 3,500 * * 16,000 3,000 9,000 2,000 D D 8,000 3,000
S&E-related field 1,423,000 36,000 41,000 4,500 674,000 26,500 321,000 16,000 432,000 17,500 807,000 24,500
Business/ industry 873,000 28,500 31,000 4,500 459,000 21,000 214,000 13,500 129,000 8,500 567,000 20,000
4-year college/ university 103,000 7,000 4,000 1,500 35,000 4,000 34,000 4,000 42,000 4,500 50,000 5,500
Other educational institution 299,000 15,500 3,000 1,000 91,000 10,000 42,000 5,000 240,000 14,000 99,000 7,000
Government 148,000 10,500 4,000 1,500 89,000 9,000 30,000 4,000 21,000 3,500 91,000 9,000
Health 1,007,000 28,500 15,000 3,500 449,000 19,500 197,000 11,500 265,000 12,000 693,000 23,000
Business/ industry 667,000 24,000 10,000 3,000 322,000 16,500 131,000 10,000 120,000 8,500 487,000 19,500
4-year college/ university 81,000 6,500 1,000 500 25,000 3,500 26,000 3,500 32,000 4,000 47,000 5,000
Other educational institution 138,000 9,000 1,000 1,000 34,000 5,500 19,000 3,000 92,000 7,000 81,000 6,500
Government 122,000 10,000 3,000 1,000 67,000 8,500 21,000 3,000 20,000 3,500 79,000 8,500
Science/ mathematics teacher education 208,000 14,000 5,000 2,000 90,000 10,000 36,000 5,500 150,000 12,000 40,000 7,000
Business/ industry 40,000 6,500 3,000 1,500 25,000 5,000 9,000 4,000 5,000 2,500 18,000 4,500
4-year college/ university 11,000 2,500 D D 6,000 2,000 3,000 1,500 4,000 1,000 S S
Other educational institution 152,000 12,500 S S 55,000 8,500 21,000 3,500 140,000 12,000 18,000 4,500
Government 6,000 2,000 D D 5,000 1,500 2,000 1,500 S S S S
Technology/ technical fields 53,000 5,500 17,000 2,500 30,000 4,000 21,000 3,500 5,000 2,000 13,000 3,000
Business/ industry 44,000 5,000 16,000 2,500 26,000 3,500 17,000 3,500 S S 11,000 2,500
4-year college/ university 3,000 1,000 D D S S 2,000 1,000 S S S S
Other educational institution S S D D D D D D S S D D
Government 3,000 1,000 D D 2,000 1,000 1,000 500 D D S S
Other S&E-related fields 154,000 11,000 5,000 2,000 105,000 9,500 67,000 7,000 13,000 4,000 61,000 6,000
Business/ industry 120,000 10,500 3,000 1,500 86,000 9,000 56,000 7,000 2,000 1,500 50,000 6,000
4-year college/ university 9,000 2,500 D D 3,000 1,500 3,000 1,500 5,000 1,500 D D
Other educational institution 6,000 3,500 D D D D D D S S D D
Government 18,000 3,500 D D 15,000 3,000 6,000 2,000 D D 10,000 2,500
Non-S&E field 2,863,000 63,000 176,000 12,500 1,822,000 45,500 573,000 24,500 925,000 38,000 896,000 26,500
Business/ industry 1,579,000 36,500 140,000 10,000 1,188,000 31,000 328,000 15,500 115,000 11,000 579,000 20,500
4-year college/ university 189,000 12,500 10,000 2,000 112,000 9,500 42,000 5,000 77,000 8,000 59,000 6,000
Other educational institution 845,000 37,500 11,000 3,500 352,000 24,000 150,000 15,000 704,000 34,000 159,000 12,500
Government 250,000 14,500 16,000 4,500 170,000 12,000 53,000 5,500 29,000 5,500 100,000 8,000
Art/ humanities fields 143,000 11,500 7,000 2,000 73,000 8,000 46,000 7,000 67,000 7,500 36,000 5,000
Business/ industry 67,000 7,500 5,000 1,500 43,000 6,500 19,000 3,000 12,000 3,500 24,000 4,500
4-year college/ university 24,000 4,000 D D 9,000 2,500 7,000 2,000 14,000 3,000 5,000 1,500
Other educational institution 45,000 6,500 D D 17,000 4,500 16,000 5,000 41,000 6,500 6,000 2,000
Government 8,000 2,500 D D 4,000 2,000 4,000 2,000 D D 1,000 500
Education, except science/ math teacher education 911,000 37,000 14,000 3,500 435,000 24,000 147,000 14,000 647,000 32,000 214,000 14,000
Business/ industry 151,000 12,500 3,000 1,500 96,000 10,500 23,000 4,000 28,000 5,500 66,000 7,500
4-year college/ university 53,000 5,500 D D 35,000 5,000 9,000 2,000 26,000 4,000 23,000 4,000
Other educational institution 682,000 33,000 9,000 3,500 291,000 21,000 110,000 12,500 586,000 30,500 114,000 11,500
Government 25,000 4,000 S S 12,000 3,000 5,000 2,000 8,000 2,500 11,000 2,500
Management/ administration 1,180,000 33,000 135,000 11,000 920,000 27,500 269,000 15,000 94,000 11,500 321,000 14,500
Business/ industry 986,000 27,000 115,000 9,500 802,000 23,500 229,000 13,500 33,000 5,000 272,000 13,000
4-year college/ university 43,000 6,500 6,000 1,500 27,000 4,500 9,000 2,000 12,000 4,000 9,000 2,000
Other educational institution 50,000 9,000 2,000 1,000 16,000 3,500 9,000 4,000 39,000 8,000 13,000 3,500
Government 101,000 10,500 12,000 4,500 75,000 8,500 22,000 4,500 11,000 4,500 26,000 4,500
Sales/ marketing 70,000 7,000 5,000 1,500 62,000 7,000 16,000 3,000 3,000 1,000 12,000 4,000
Business/ industry 67,000 6,500 5,000 1,500 61,000 6,500 15,000 3,000 D D 11,000 4,000
4-year college/ university S S D D D D D D D D D D
Other educational institution S S D D D D D D S S D D
Government * * D D D D D D D D D D
Social service/ related 284,000 15,000 8,000 2,000 150,000 10,500 34,000 4,000 57,000 8,000 203,000 13,000
Business/ industry 198,000 12,500 7,000 2,000 107,000 9,000 19,000 3,500 35,000 6,500 153,000 11,500
4-year college/ university 22,000 3,500 D D 10,000 3,000 7,000 2,000 6,000 2,000 9,000 2,500
Other educational institution 32,000 4,500 D D 12,000 3,000 5,000 2,000 14,000 3,500 17,000 3,500
Government 33,000 4,500 D D 21,000 3,500 3,000 1,500 1,000 500 23,000 4,000
Other non-S&E field 275,000 15,500 8,000 2,000 182,000 12,000 60,000 7,500 57,000 7,000 111,000 9,500
Business/ industry 110,000 9,000 5,000 2,000 79,000 7,500 23,000 3,500 6,000 2,000 52,000 6,000
4-year college/ university 46,000 5,500 2,000 1,000 29,000 5,000 10,000 2,500 18,000 3,000 12,000 3,000
Other educational institution 35,000 7,000 D D 15,000 4,000 10,000 5,000 23,000 5,500 7,000 2,000
Government 83,000 8,000 2,000 1,000 58,000 6,500 18,000 4,000 9,000 2,500 39,000 6,000

Data codes used in these tables: * = value < 500. D = suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information. S = suppressed for reliability; coefficient of variation exceeds publication standards.
Abbreviations used in these tables: S&E = science and engineering; SE = standard error.
NOTES: Numbers are rounded to the nearest 1,000. Standard errors for numbers are rounded up to the nearest 500. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Scientists and engineers are bachelor's and higher degreed individuals living in the United States with an S&E or S&E-related degree or occupation. See appendix for additional details on coverage, eligibility, educational field classification, and occupational classification. Business/industry includes self-employed individuals, nonprofit organizations, and other unspecified types of employers. Four-year college/university includes medical schools and university-affiliated research institutes. Other educational institution includes 2-year colleges, precollege institutions, and other educational institutions. Government includes federal (civilian), military, state, and local employers.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT): 2013.
Data from survey cycle 2013, as of 24 February 2015.