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Table 10-4. Employed U.S. scientists and engineers with a doctorate as the highest degree, by occupation, age, and primary or secondary work activity: 2013
 

Level of highest degree, occupation, and age (years)                Primary or secondary work activity
Employed scientists and engineers Computer applications Management, sales, administration Research and development Teaching Other
Number SE Number SE Number SE Number SE Number SE Number SE
Doctorate 1,154,000 16,000 91,000 3,500 455,000 9,500 703,000 12,000 359,000 9,500 267,000 8,500
< 30 31,000 2,500 4,000 1,000 7,000 1,500 22,000 2,000 5,000 1,000 8,000 1,500
30–39 262,000 6,500 29,000 2,000 73,000 3,000 198,000 6,000 69,000 4,000 49,000 3,000
40–49 303,000 8,000 27,000 2,000 129,000 5,500 193,000 6,500 89,000 4,000 65,000 5,500
50–59 305,000 9,000 19,000 1,500 136,000 5,500 170,000 6,000 105,000 6,500 72,000 4,500
60–75 253,000 7,000 13,000 1,500 109,000 5,500 120,000 4,500 92,000 4,500 73,000 4,000
S&E occupations 708,000 8,500 77,000 3,000 206,000 4,000 517,000 7,500 219,000 4,500 123,000 3,000
< 30 23,000 2,500 4,000 1,000 4,000 1,000 19,000 2,000 3,000 1,000 4,000 1,000
30–39 200,000 5,000 26,000 2,000 45,000 2,000 165,000 4,500 47,000 2,500 28,000 2,000
40–49 184,000 4,500 22,000 2,000 59,000 2,500 138,000 4,000 57,000 2,500 27,000 1,500
50–59 168,000 4,000 15,000 1,500 61,000 3,000 116,000 3,500 58,000 2,500 32,000 1,500
60–75 132,000 3,000 10,000 1,000 37,000 1,500 79,000 2,500 54,000 2,500 33,000 1,500
Science occupations 590,000 8,000 65,000 3,000 174,000 4,000 417,000 7,000 198,000 4,500 110,000 3,000
< 30 18,000 2,000 3,000 1,000 3,000 1,000 14,000 1,500 3,000 1,000 4,000 1,000
30–39 164,000 4,500 21,000 1,500 37,000 2,000 132,000 4,000 42,000 2,000 25,000 2,000
40–49 153,000 4,000 19,000 2,000 50,000 2,500 112,000 3,500 52,000 2,500 23,000 1,500
50–59 141,000 4,000 13,000 1,500 52,000 3,000 93,000 3,000 52,000 2,500 29,000 1,500
60–75 114,000 3,000 9,000 1,000 31,000 1,500 66,000 2,500 49,000 2,500 30,000 1,500
Biological/ agricultural/ other life scientists 202,000 5,000 9,000 1,500 68,000 2,500 169,000 4,500 43,000 2,000 24,000 1,500
< 30 7,000 1,500 1,000 500 1,000 1,000 6,000 1,000 * * 1,000 500
30–39 69,000 3,000 5,000 1,500 19,000 1,500 60,000 3,000 8,000 1,000 7,000 1,000
40–49 53,000 2,500 1,000 500 18,000 1,500 45,000 2,000 11,000 1,000 6,000 1,000
50–59 46,000 2,500 1,000 500 20,000 1,500 37,000 2,000 12,000 1,000 5,000 500
60–75 28,000 1,500 1,000 500 9,000 1,000 20,000 1,500 11,000 1,500 5,000 1,000
Agricultural/ food scientists 10,000 1,000 * * 4,000 500 9,000 1,000 * * 2,000 500
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 3,000 500 D D 1,000 500 2,000 500 D D * *
40–49 3,000 500 D D 1,000 500 2,000 500 D D * *
50–59 3,000 500 D D 1,000 500 3,000 500 * * 1,000 500
60–75 2,000 500 D D 1,000 500 2,000 500 D D * *
Biological and medical scientists 138,000 4,500 8,000 1,500 48,000 2,500 125,000 4,500 3,000 500 17,000 1,000
< 30 6,000 1,500 1,000 500 1,000 1,000 6,000 1,000 D D S S
30–39 56,000 3,000 5,000 1,500 15,000 1,500 52,000 3,000 1,000 500 6,000 1,000
40–49 36,000 2,000 1,000 500 12,000 1,000 33,000 2,000 * * 4,000 500
50–59 27,000 2,000 1,000 500 14,000 1,500 24,000 2,000 1,000 500 3,000 500
60–75 13,000 1,000 1,000 500 5,000 500 11,000 1,000 1,000 500 3,000 500
Environmental life scientists 2,000 500 * * 1,000 500 1,000 500 D D * *
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 * * * * * * * * D D D D
40–49 1,000 500 D D * * * * D D * *
50–59 * * D D * * * * D D D D
60–75 * * D D D D * * D D D D
Postsecondary teachers - life/ related sciences 52,000 2,000 * * 16,000 1,500 33,000 2,000 40,000 2,000 5,000 1,000
< 30 * * D D D D * * * * D D
30–39 9,000 1,000 D D 3,000 500 6,000 1,000 7,000 1,000 1,000 500
40–49 14,000 1,000 D D 4,000 1,000 9,000 1,000 11,000 1,000 2,000 500
50–59 16,000 1,500 D D 5,000 1,000 10,000 1,000 11,000 1,000 1,000 500
60–75 12,000 1,500 D D 3,000 500 7,000 1,000 10,000 1,500 1,000 500
Computer/ mathematical scientists 107,000 4,000 44,000 2,500 26,000 2,500 69,000 3,000 34,000 2,000 10,000 1,500
< 30 4,000 1,000 2,000 1,000 * * 3,000 1,000 * * D D
30–39 28,000 2,000 11,000 1,000 4,000 500 20,000 2,000 9,000 1,500 4,000 1,000
40–49 29,000 2,000 15,000 2,000 9,000 1,500 19,000 1,500 7,000 1,000 2,000 500
50–59 27,000 2,500 11,000 1,500 9,000 1,500 17,000 2,000 9,000 1,500 3,000 1,000
60–75 19,000 1,500 6,000 1,000 4,000 1,000 10,000 1,000 8,000 1,000 2,000 500
Computer and information scientists 53,000 3,500 35,000 2,500 16,000 2,000 32,000 2,500 1,000 500 5,000 1,000
< 30 2,000 1,000 S S * * 2,000 1,000 D D D D
30–39 12,000 1,500 8,000 1,000 2,000 500 8,000 1,000 D D 2,000 1,000
40–49 17,000 2,000 12,000 2,000 6,000 1,500 9,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500
50–59 14,000 2,000 8,000 1,500 5,000 1,500 9,000 1,500 * * 1,000 500
60–75 8,000 1,500 5,000 1,000 2,000 1,000 4,000 1,000 S S 1,000 500
Mathematical scientists 18,000 1,500 7,000 1,000 5,000 1,000 16,000 1,500 * * 2,000 500
< 30 1,000 500 * * D D 1,000 500 D D D D
30–39 6,000 1,000 2,000 500 1,000 500 6,000 1,000 D D * *
40–49 5,000 1,000 2,000 500 2,000 500 4,000 1,000 D D * *
50–59 4,000 1,000 1,000 500 2,000 500 3,000 500 D D * *
60–75 3,000 500 1,000 500 * * 2,000 500 D D * *
Postsecondary teachers - computer/ math sciences 35,000 2,500 2,000 1,000 6,000 1,000 21,000 2,000 32,000 2,500 4,000 1,000
< 30 * * D D D D * * * * D D
30–39 10,000 1,500 * * 1,000 500 6,000 1,500 9,000 1,500 2,000 1,000
40–49 8,000 1,000 1,000 500 1,000 500 6,000 1,000 7,000 1,000 * *
50–59 10,000 1,500 1,000 500 2,000 1,000 5,000 1,000 9,000 1,500 1,000 500
60–75 8,000 1,000 1,000 500 2,000 500 3,000 500 7,000 1,000 1,000 500
Physical/ related scientists 107,000 3,000 9,000 1,000 28,000 1,500 85,000 3,000 37,000 1,500 11,000 1,000
< 30 3,000 1,000 * * * * 3,000 1,000 * * * *
30–39 27,000 2,000 4,000 1,000 5,000 500 23,000 1,500 7,000 1,000 2,000 500
40–49 28,000 2,000 2,000 500 8,000 1,000 23,000 1,500 10,000 1,000 2,000 500
50–59 26,000 1,500 1,000 500 8,000 1,000 20,000 1,500 10,000 1,000 3,000 500
60–75 23,000 1,500 1,000 500 6,000 1,000 16,000 1,500 9,000 1,000 3,000 1,000
Chemists, except biochemists 26,000 1,500 1,000 500 8,000 1,000 24,000 1,500 * * 3,000 500
< 30 1,000 500 D D * * 1,000 500 D D D D
30–39 7,000 1,000 * * 2,000 500 6,000 1,000 * * 1,000 500
40–49 8,000 1,500 D D 3,000 500 7,000 1,500 D D 1,000 500
50–59 6,000 500 D D 2,000 500 5,000 500 D D 1,000 500
60–75 4,000 500 D D 1,000 500 3,000 500 D D 1,000 500
Earth/ atmospheric/ ocean scientists 14,000 1,000 2,000 500 4,000 500 13,000 1,000 * * 2,000 500
< 30 * * * * D D * * D D D D
30–39 3,000 500 1,000 500 1,000 500 3,000 500 D D * *
40–49 3,000 500 1,000 500 1,000 500 3,000 500 D D * *
50–59 3,000 500 * * 1,000 500 3,000 500 D D 1,000 500
60–75 4,000 1,000 * * 1,000 500 3,000 1,000 D D * *
Physicists and astronomers 21,000 2,000 5,000 1,000 4,000 500 20,000 2,000 * * 2,000 500
< 30 1,000 500 * * * * 1,000 500 D D D D
30–39 8,000 1,500 3,000 1,000 * * 8,000 1,500 D D * *
40–49 4,000 1,000 1,000 500 1,000 500 4,000 1,000 D D * *
50–59 4,000 1,000 1,000 500 1,000 500 4,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500
60–75 3,000 500 1,000 500 1,000 500 3,000 500 D D 1,000 500
Postsecondary teachers - physical/ related sciences 40,000 2,000 * * 10,000 1,000 24,000 1,500 36,000 1,500 3,000 1,000
< 30 1,000 500 D D D D * * * * D D
30–39 8,000 1,000 D D 2,000 500 5,000 500 7,000 1,000 * *
40–49 11,000 1,000 D D 3,000 500 8,000 1,000 10,000 1,000 1,000 500
50–59 11,000 1,000 D D 3,000 500 7,000 1,000 10,000 1,000 1,000 500
60–75 10,000 1,500 * * 2,000 1,000 5,000 1,000 8,000 1,000 1,000 500
Other physical/ related scientists 6,000 1,000 * * 2,000 500 5,000 1,000 * * 1,000 500
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 1,000 500 * * * * 1,000 500 D D D D
40–49 1,000 500 D D 1,000 500 1,000 500 D D * *
50–59 2,000 500 D D 1,000 500 1,000 500 D D * *
60–75 2,000 500 D D 1,000 500 2,000 500 D D * *
Social science, psychology 174,000 4,000 3,000 500 51,000 2,500 94,000 3,000 85,000 3,500 65,000 2,500
< 30 5,000 1,000 D D 2,000 1,000 2,000 500 2,000 500 3,000 1,000
30–39 40,000 2,500 1,000 500 9,000 1,000 28,000 2,000 18,000 1,500 12,000 1,500
40–49 42,000 2,500 * * 14,000 1,500 26,000 2,000 23,000 2,000 12,000 1,000
50–59 42,000 2,000 * * 15,000 1,500 19,000 1,500 21,000 2,000 18,000 1,500
60–75 44,000 2,000 * * 12,000 1,000 19,000 1,500 21,000 1,500 20,000 1,500
Economists 10,000 1,000 1,000 500 3,000 500 8,000 1,000 * * 3,000 500
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 3,000 1,000 * * 1,000 500 3,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500
40–49 2,000 500 * * 1,000 500 2,000 500 D D 1,000 500
50–59 2,000 500 * * 1,000 500 2,000 500 D D 1,000 500
60–75 2,000 500 * * 1,000 500 1,000 500 D D 1,000 500
Political scientists 1,000 500 D D * * 1,000 500 D D * *
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 * * D D D D * * D D * *
40–49 * * D D * * * * D D D D
50–59 * * D D D D D D D D D D
60–75 * * D D * * * * D D D D
Postsecondary teachers - social/ related sciences 87,000 3,500 * * 18,000 2,000 56,000 2,500 79,000 3,500 9,000 1,500
< 30 2,000 500 D D D D 1,000 500 1,000 500 D D
30–39 20,000 2,000 * * 3,000 1,000 15,000 2,000 17,000 1,500 2,000 1,000
40–49 25,000 2,000 D D 5,000 1,000 17,000 2,000 23,000 2,000 2,000 500
50–59 21,000 2,000 D D 6,000 1,500 11,000 1,000 19,000 2,000 2,000 500
60–75 21,000 1,500 D D 4,000 500 12,000 1,500 19,000 1,500 2,000 500
Psychologists 60,000 2,000 * * 21,000 1,000 15,000 1,500 5,000 500 49,000 2,000
< 30 3,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500 1,000 500 D D 2,000 1,000
30–39 12,000 1,500 * * 4,000 500 5,000 1,000 1,000 500 8,000 1,000
40–49 11,000 1,000 D D 5,000 500 4,000 1,000 1,000 500 9,000 500
50–59 15,000 1,000 D D 6,000 1,000 2,000 500 1,000 500 14,000 1,000
60–75 18,000 1,000 * * 6,000 500 3,000 1,000 2,000 500 16,000 1,000
Sociologists and anthropologists 5,000 1,000 * * 1,000 500 5,000 1,000 * * 1,000 500
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 2,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500 2,000 1,000 D D D D
40–49 1,000 500 D D * * 1,000 500 D D D D
50–59 1,000 500 D D * * 1,000 500 * * * *
60–75 1,000 500 D D * * 1,000 500 D D * *
Other social and related scientists 11,000 1,500 1,000 500 6,000 1,000 9,000 1,500 * * 2,000 500
< 30 * * D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 3,000 1,000 S S 1,000 500 3,000 500 D D 1,000 500
40–49 3,000 1,000 D D 2,000 1,000 3,000 1,000 D D * *
50–59 3,000 1,000 * * 1,000 1,000 2,000 1,000 D D S S
60–75 2,000 500 D D 1,000 500 2,000 500 D D 1,000 500
Engineering occupations 118,000 3,000 13,000 1,000 33,000 1,500 100,000 3,000 20,000 1,000 13,000 1,000
< 30 5,000 1,000 * * S S 5,000 1,000 * * * *
30–39 36,000 2,000 5,000 1,000 8,000 1,000 33,000 2,000 5,000 500 3,000 500
40–49 31,000 2,000 3,000 500 10,000 1,000 26,000 2,000 4,000 500 4,000 500
50–59 27,000 1,500 2,000 500 9,000 1,000 23,000 1,500 6,000 1,000 3,000 500
60–75 18,000 1,000 2,000 500 6,000 1,000 14,000 1,000 5,000 500 3,000 500
Aeronautical/ aerospace/ astronautical engineers 6,000 1,000 1,000 500 2,000 500 6,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500
< 30 * * D D D D * * D D D D
30–39 1,000 500 * * * * 1,000 500 D D * *
40–49 2,000 500 * * 1,000 500 2,000 500 D D * *
50–59 2,000 500 * * * * 1,000 500 D D D D
60–75 2,000 500 * * * * 1,000 500 D D * *
Chemical engineers 10,000 1,000 1,000 500 2,000 500 9,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500
< 30 1,000 500 D D D D 1,000 500 D D D D
30–39 3,000 500 * * 1,000 500 3,000 500 D D * *
40–49 2,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500 2,000 1,000 D D * *
50–59 2,000 500 D D 1,000 500 2,000 500 D D D D
60–75 1,000 500 D D * * 1,000 500 D D * *
Civil, including architectural/ sanitary engineers 6,000 1,000 * * 2,000 500 4,000 500 D D 2,000 500
< 30 * * D D D D * * D D D D
30–39 2,000 500 * * * * 1,000 500 D D * *
40–49 1,000 500 D D 1,000 500 1,000 500 D D * *
50–59 1,000 500 D D * * 1,000 500 D D * *
60–75 1,000 500 D D 1,000 500 1,000 500 D D 1,000 500
Electrical/ computer hardware engineers 26,000 1,500 6,000 1,000 5,000 1,000 24,000 1,500 D D 2,000 500
< 30 1,000 500 * * D D 1,000 500 D D D D
30–39 9,000 1,000 3,000 1,000 1,000 500 8,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500
40–49 7,000 1,000 1,000 500 2,000 500 7,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500
50–59 6,000 1,000 1,000 500 2,000 500 6,000 1,000 D D * *
60–75 3,000 500 1,000 500 1,000 500 3,000 500 D D * *
Industrial engineers 2,000 500 * * 1,000 500 1,000 500 * * D D
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 1,000 500 * * * * 1,000 500 D D D D
40–49 * * D D D D * * D D D D
50–59 * * D D D D D D D D D D
60–75 * * D D D D * * D D D D
Mechanical engineers 13,000 1,500 1,000 500 3,000 500 12,000 1,500 D D 1,000 500
< 30 * * D D D D * * D D D D
30–39 5,000 1,000 1,000 500 1,000 500 5,000 1,000 D D * *
40–49 3,000 500 * * 1,000 500 3,000 500 D D * *
50–59 3,000 500 D D 1,000 500 2,000 500 D D * *
60–75 1,000 500 * * D D 1,000 500 D D * *
Postsecondary teachers - engineering 24,000 1,000 1,000 500 6,000 500 17,000 1,000 19,000 1,000 1,000 500
< 30 * * D D D D * * * * D D
30–39 6,000 500 * * 1,000 500 5,000 500 4,000 500 * *
40–49 6,000 500 D D 2,000 500 4,000 500 4,000 500 * *
50–59 7,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500 5,000 1,000 6,000 1,000 * *
60–75 5,000 500 * * 1,000 500 3,000 500 4,000 500 * *
Other engineers 31,000 1,500 2,000 500 11,000 1,000 26,000 1,500 * * 5,000 1,000
< 30 1,000 500 D D * * 1,000 500 D D D D
30–39 9,000 1,000 1,000 500 3,000 500 8,000 1,000 * * 1,000 500
40–49 9,000 1,000 1,000 500 3,000 500 8,000 1,000 D D 2,000 500
50–59 7,000 1,000 1,000 500 3,000 500 5,000 500 D D 1,000 500
60–75 4,000 500 * * 2,000 500 3,000 500 * * 1,000 500
S&E-related occupations 168,000 10,500 8,000 1,500 73,000 4,500 80,000 6,500 57,000 6,500 67,000 7,000
< 30 5,000 1,500 D D 1,000 500 2,000 1,000 S S 4,000 1,500
30–39 27,000 3,500 2,000 1,000 10,000 1,500 18,000 3,000 7,000 2,500 10,000 2,000
40–49 49,000 6,000 3,000 1,000 22,000 2,500 26,000 4,000 14,000 2,500 21,000 5,000
50–59 53,000 6,500 2,000 1,000 24,000 3,000 22,000 3,500 22,000 5,500 17,000 3,500
60–75 33,000 3,500 S S 15,000 2,500 12,000 2,000 12,000 2,000 15,000 3,000
Health occupations 92,000 7,000 1,000 500 27,000 3,500 38,000 4,500 35,000 3,000 57,000 7,000
< 30 4,000 1,500 D D 1,000 500 1,000 500 S S 4,000 1,500
30–39 13,000 2,000 * * 3,000 500 7,000 1,500 4,000 500 9,000 2,000
40–49 26,000 5,000 * * 5,000 1,500 12,000 3,500 9,000 2,000 17,000 5,000
50–59 26,000 3,500 * * 10,000 3,000 11,000 2,000 10,000 1,500 14,000 3,500
60–75 23,000 3,000 S S 8,000 2,500 7,000 1,500 10,000 2,000 13,000 3,000
S&E managers, including health 39,000 3,000 1,000 500 39,000 3,000 24,000 2,500 * * 5,000 500
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 6,000 1,500 * * 6,000 1,500 5,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500
40–49 13,000 2,000 1,000 500 13,000 2,000 9,000 1,500 D D 1,000 500
50–59 13,000 2,000 * * 13,000 2,000 6,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500
60–75 7,000 1,500 D D 7,000 1,500 4,000 1,500 * * 1,000 500
S&E precollege teacher 22,000 5,500 D D 4,000 1,000 S S 22,000 5,500 S S
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 S S D D * * S S S S D D
40–49 5,000 1,500 D D 3,000 1,000 S S 5,000 1,500 D D
50–59 12,000 5,000 D D 1,000 500 S S 12,000 5,000 S S
60–75 2,000 1,000 D D * * * * 2,000 1,000 D D
S&E technician/ technologist 13,000 2,000 5,000 1,000 2,000 1,000 11,000 2,000 D D 4,000 1,500
< 30 1,000 500 D D D D 1,000 500 D D D D
30–39 4,000 1,000 2,000 1,000 * * 3,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500
40–49 5,000 1,500 2,000 500 1,000 500 4,000 1,500 D D 2,000 1,500
50–59 2,000 500 1,000 500 * * 2,000 500 D D * *
60–75 1,000 500 * * * * 1,000 500 D D D D
Other S&E-related 1,000 500 * * S S 1,000 500 D D 1,000 500
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 * * D D D D D D D D D D
40–49 S S D D D D D D D D D D
50–59 D D D D D D D D D D D D
60–75 D D D D D D D D D D D D
Non-S&E occupations 279,000 9,000 6,000 1,000 176,000 7,500 106,000 6,000 84,000 5,500 77,000 4,000
< 30 2,000 1,000 D D 2,000 1,000 1,000 500 * * * *
30–39 35,000 3,000 1,000 500 18,000 2,000 16,000 2,000 14,000 2,500 11,000 2,000
40–49 70,000 4,500 2,000 1,000 48,000 4,000 29,000 3,500 19,000 2,000 17,000 2,000
50–59 83,000 5,000 1,000 500 51,000 4,000 32,000 3,000 25,000 3,500 23,000 2,500
60–75 88,000 6,000 1,000 500 57,000 5,000 29,000 3,000 25,000 3,000 25,000 2,500
Arts/ humanities/ related 11,000 1,500 * * 5,000 1,000 4,000 1,000 1,000 500 7,000 1,000
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 2,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500 S S * * 1,000 500
40–49 3,000 1,000 D D 2,000 1,000 1,000 500 * * 2,000 1,000
50–59 2,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500 S S D D 1,000 500
60–75 3,000 1,000 D D 1,000 500 1,000 500 S S 2,000 500
Management-related 37,000 2,500 2,000 1,000 27,000 2,500 14,000 2,000 1,000 500 14,000 2,000
< 30 * * D D * * * * D D D D
30–39 6,000 1,000 * * 5,000 1,000 2,000 500 * * 2,000 500
40–49 13,000 2,000 1,000 1,000 10,000 2,000 5,000 1,500 * * 4,000 1,500
50–59 9,000 2,000 * * 6,000 1,500 4,000 1,500 * * 4,000 1,500
60–75 9,000 1,000 * * 6,000 1,000 3,000 1,000 * * 3,000 500
Manager 90,000 4,500 2,000 500 82,000 4,500 31,000 2,500 3,000 1,000 18,000 1,500
< 30 * * D D * * * * D D D D
30–39 6,000 1,000 * * 5,000 1,000 2,000 500 * * 2,000 1,000
40–49 25,000 2,500 1,000 500 23,000 2,500 10,000 1,500 S S 4,000 500
50–59 31,000 2,500 1,000 500 28,000 2,500 9,000 1,000 2,000 1,000 6,000 1,000
60–75 28,000 2,500 1,000 500 25,000 2,500 9,000 1,500 1,000 500 6,000 1,000
Postsecondary teacher 64,000 4,500 D D 15,000 2,000 37,000 3,500 60,000 4,500 7,000 1,500
< 30 * * D D D D D D * * D D
30–39 13,000 2,000 D D 2,000 1,000 10,000 2,000 13,000 2,000 1,000 1,000
40–49 16,000 2,000 D D 4,000 1,000 9,000 1,500 15,000 2,000 2,000 1,000
50–59 20,000 3,000 D D 5,000 1,500 11,000 2,000 17,000 2,500 2,000 1,000
60–75 15,000 2,000 D D 4,000 1,500 8,000 1,500 15,000 2,000 2,000 500
Precollege/ other teacher 8,000 2,500 D D 2,000 1,000 S S 8,000 2,500 * *
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 * * D D D D D D * * D D
40–49 1,000 500 D D * * D D 1,000 500 D D
50–59 3,000 1,500 D D S S D D 3,000 1,500 * *
60–75 S S D D S S D D S S D D
Sales/ marketing 15,000 2,500 1,000 500 14,000 2,500 4,000 1,000 S S 2,000 500
< 30 S S D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 2,000 500 * * 1,000 500 1,000 500 D D * *
40–49 3,000 500 * * 2,000 500 1,000 500 D D 1,000 500
50–59 3,000 1,000 * * 3,000 1,000 1,000 500 D D * *
60–75 7,000 2,500 D D 6,000 2,500 S S S S 1,000 500
Social service/ related 20,000 3,000 D D 9,000 2,500 4,000 1,500 6,000 1,500 15,000 3,000
< 30 D D D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 2,000 1,000 D D S S * * * * S S
40–49 2,000 1,000 D D S S * * 1,000 500 2,000 1,000
50–59 6,000 1,500 D D 1,000 500 2,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 5,000 1,500
60–75 10,000 2,500 D D 6,000 2,000 1,000 1,000 3,000 1,500 7,000 2,500
Other non-S&E 33,000 4,500 * * 22,000 4,000 10,000 3,000 4,000 1,500 13,000 2,000
< 30 * * D D D D D D D D D D
30–39 4,000 1,000 D D 2,000 1,000 * * 1,000 500 3,000 1,000
40–49 7,000 2,500 D D 5,000 2,500 S S * * 2,000 500
50–59 10,000 3,000 D D 7,000 2,500 S S S S 4,000 1,500
60–75 12,000 2,500 D D 8,000 2,000 3,000 1,000 1,000 500 4,000 1,000

Data codes used in these tables: * = value < 500. D = suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information. S = suppressed for reliability; coefficient of variation exceeds publication standards.
Abbreviations used in these tables: S&E = science and engineering; SE = standard error.
NOTES: Numbers are rounded to the nearest 1,000. Standard errors for numbers are rounded up to the nearest 500. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Scientists and engineers are bachelor's and higher degreed individuals living in the United States with an S&E or S&E-related degree or occupation. See appendix for additional details on coverage, eligibility, educational field classification, and occupational classification. The doctorate estimates are from the Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT), which represents the total U.S. college educated population. This is in contrast to the doctorate estimates from the Survey of Doctorate Recipients, which represent the population of U.S. doctorate degree recipients.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT): 2013.
Data from survey cycle 2013, as of 24 February 2015.