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Table 16-4. Median annual salaries of employed U.S. scientists and engineers with a doctorate as the highest degree, by occupation, ethnicity, race, and years since highest degree: 2013
 

Level of highest degree, occupation, ethnicity, and race              Employed scientists and engineers < 5 5–9 10–14 15–19 20–24 25–29 30–34 35+
Median salary SE Median salary SE Median salary SE Median salary SE Median salary SE Median salary SE Median salary SE Median salary SE Median salary SE
Doctorate 90,000 500 62,000 2,000 80,000 1,000 90,000 3,000 100,000 3,000 110,000 2,500 110,000 3,000 116,000 6,500 105,000 3,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  72,000 5,000 62,000 8,000 68,000 6,000 86,000 7,500 80,000 8,500 110,000 15,500 90,000 10,500 S S 30,000 11,000
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb 106,000 17,500 111,000 3,500 75,000 16,000 * * * * * * * * D D D D
Asian 93,000 2,500 65,000 7,500 87,000 4,500 93,000 5,000 110,000 8,000 127,000 6,000 108,000 7,000 129,000 5,500 118,000 15,000
Black or African American 80,000 1,500 65,000 6,000 83,000 7,500 85,000 8,500 84,000 2,500 72,000 7,000 107,000 18,500 118,000 27,000 81,000 10,000
White 90,000 500 60,000 1,500 79,000 2,000 88,000 4,500 96,000 4,000 110,000 2,500 114,000 5,500 114,000 7,500 109,000 4,000
Other racec 63,000 11,000 62,000 500 85,000 10,500 99,000 5,000 85,000 10,500 82,000 5,000 S S 150,000 6,000 101,000 9,000
S&E occupations 88,000 1,500 57,000 2,000 80,000 1,000 90,000 1,500 96,000 3,000 108,000 2,500 110,000 2,500 110,000 4,000 102,000 6,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  72,000 4,000 50,000 4,000 69,000 4,000 85,000 8,000 84,000 6,500 99,000 2,000 90,000 5,500 82,000 14,000 S S
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb 75,000 4,000 * * 75,000 20,500 * * * * * * D D D D D D
Asian 90,000 1,000 58,000 4,000 86,000 4,500 93,000 4,500 107,000 5,500 120,000 5,500 114,000 7,500 139,000 13,000 125,000 9,500
Black or African American 79,000 4,000 54,000 6,500 68,000 3,000 86,000 8,500 91,000 9,000 78,000 10,000 95,000 15,000 99,000 5,500 80,000 16,000
White 88,000 2,000 58,000 2,500 78,000 2,000 89,000 2,500 93,000 4,500 105,000 3,000 110,000 2,500 106,000 2,500 101,000 6,000
Other racec 80,000 4,000 56,000 6,500 75,000 6,500 98,000 7,500 71,000 12,000 81,000 10,000 * * 150,000 27,500 * *
Science occupations 82,000 1,000 53,000 1,500 75,000 1,500 83,000 2,000 90,000 2,000 100,000 1,500 104,000 4,000 105,000 2,500 100,000 500
Hispanic or Latinoa  70,000 1,500 50,000 3,500 64,000 5,000 78,000 4,500 77,000 4,500 98,000 2,500 90,000 7,000 95,000 25,500 S S
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb 71,000 9,000 * * 72,000 30,000 * * * * * * D D D D D D
Asian 82,000 3,000 52,000 5,000 79,000 2,000 84,000 4,000 99,000 2,500 113,000 7,500 98,000 12,500 131,000 15,500 111,000 26,000
Black or African American 78,000 6,000 52,000 8,500 68,000 1,500 85,000 8,500 91,000 9,000 73,000 5,500 94,000 14,500 97,000 6,500 80,000 16,500
White 84,000 1,500 53,000 1,500 75,000 1,500 83,000 3,000 90,000 500 100,000 1,500 105,000 2,000 103,000 3,000 100,000 500
Other racec 76,000 5,500 55,000 2,000 70,000 5,500 92,000 9,000 71,000 7,500 81,000 9,500 * * 150,000 35,000 * *
Biological/ agricultural/ other life scientists 76,000 2,500 45,000 1,000 64,000 1,000 80,000 1,500 91,000 4,000 108,000 3,500 115,000 3,000 110,000 8,000 114,000 8,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  59,000 4,500 42,000 3,500 47,000 9,000 70,000 4,000 85,000 4,000 94,000 4,500 * * * * * *
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 62,000 4,500 42,000 2,500 55,000 3,500 72,000 7,500 81,000 7,500 117,000 6,000 92,000 10,000 151,000 12,000 112,000 47,000
Black or African American 68,000 5,500 45,000 3,000 65,000 11,500 67,000 14,000 89,000 14,500 * * S S * * * *
White 84,000 3,500 47,000 2,000 69,000 2,000 87,000 4,500 98,000 6,500 108,000 3,500 120,000 7,000 104,000 7,500 114,000 7,000
Other racec 79,000 10,000 49,000 6,500 * * * * * * * * * * * * D D
Agricultural/ food sciences 92,000 2,500 59,000 18,000 79,000 2,000 86,000 11,000 101,000 7,000 104,000 9,000 114,000 13,000 120,000 8,000 105,000 34,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  S S * * * * * * D D * * D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 79,000 1,000 35,000 3,500 * * * * S S D D D D D D D D
Black or African American * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 99,000 3,500 83,000 9,500 87,000 5,000 102,000 11,500 93,000 5,000 110,000 12,500 110,000 12,000 122,000 7,500 111,000 39,500
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Biological and medical scientists 72,000 3,500 45,000 1,500 64,000 1,500 85,000 4,500 100,000 4,500 117,000 6,000 123,000 9,000 120,000 10,000 125,000 22,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  48,000 4,000 41,000 2,500 47,000 10,500 87,000 3,500 * * * * * * D D * *
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 59,000 2,000 43,000 2,500 54,000 4,500 79,000 10,500 89,000 8,000 116,000 8,500 104,000 11,000 152,000 5,000 S S
Black or African American 66,000 14,000 44,000 2,000 75,000 8,500 * * * * D D * * D D * *
White 81,000 4,000 46,000 2,000 70,000 2,000 96,000 10,000 109,000 11,500 115,000 10,000 142,000 13,500 108,000 11,500 134,000 21,500
Other racec 79,000 12,000 * * * * * * * * * * D D D D D D
Environmental life scientists 78,000 7,000 * * * * * * * * D D * * D D D D
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Black or African American D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 80,000 9,500 * * * * * * * * D D * * D D D D
Other racec D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Postsecondary teachers - life/ related sciences 80,000 1,000 52,000 5,000 62,000 3,000 70,000 4,000 78,000 4,000 95,000 4,500 94,000 3,500 103,000 10,000 109,000 6,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  70,000 2,500 * * * * 62,000 8,500 * * * * * * D D * *
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 80,000 8,000 * * 61,000 8,000 64,000 2,500 61,000 18,500 130,000 34,000 S S * * * *
Black or African American 65,000 3,500 * * * * * * * * * * * * D D D D
White 80,000 3,500 49,000 4,000 63,000 3,500 74,000 7,000 80,000 1,500 91,000 7,000 99,000 7,500 97,000 8,000 106,000 7,500
Other racec 81,000 20,500 * * * * * * * * * * D D * * D D
Computer/ mathematical scientists 100,000 500 73,000 4,500 100,000 1,500 101,000 8,000 105,000 5,000 101,000 11,500 106,000 6,000 109,000 10,000 89,000 12,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  80,000 10,000 64,000 8,500 79,000 1,000 * * * * * * * * * * S S
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 107,000 4,500 89,000 9,000 109,000 8,000 118,000 7,500 118,000 3,500 109,000 6,500 109,000 11,500 112,000 14,000 106,000 25,000
Black or African American 94,000 15,500 S S * * S S S S * * * * * * * *
White 95,000 4,500 70,000 10,500 89,000 8,000 90,000 7,000 98,000 9,500 100,000 9,500 110,000 10,000 110,000 13,000 97,000 6,500
Other racec 115,000 10,000 * * * * * * * * D D D D D D D D
Computer and information scientists 112,000 4,000 100,000 1,000 115,000 500 119,000 7,500 116,000 8,000 110,000 6,000 116,000 6,500 110,000 8,000 S S
Hispanic or Latinoa  85,000 18,500 * * * * * * * * * * D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 115,000 1,500 102,000 7,000 115,000 500 127,000 12,000 124,000 12,000 124,000 12,500 108,000 22,000 * * * *
Black or African American 105,000 1,500 * * * * S S S S D D D D D D D D
White 110,000 4,500 99,000 4,000 119,000 4,000 123,000 17,500 112,000 15,500 109,000 18,500 125,000 8,000 104,000 9,500 97,000 19,000
Other racec * * * * * * * * * * D D D D D D D D
Mathematical scientists 100,000 7,000 63,000 12,000 105,000 5,000 110,000 10,000 118,000 3,500 131,000 7,000 119,000 9,500 123,000 57,500 89,000 14,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 100,000 3,000 60,000 25,500 100,000 4,500 123,000 12,000 120,000 21,000 118,000 19,000 * * D D D D
Black or African American * * * * D D * * * * D D D D D D D D
White 105,000 8,500 63,000 14,500 113,000 11,500 90,000 30,000 119,000 4,500 141,000 16,500 119,000 10,500 S S 87,000 13,500
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Postsecondary teachers - computer/ math sciences 80,000 1,000 53,000 1,000 77,000 8,500 80,000 3,500 78,000 8,000 84,000 4,500 94,000 2,000 106,000 6,500 94,000 12,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  77,000 7,000 * * * * * * * * * * * * D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 84,000 2,500 69,000 15,000 78,000 6,000 94,000 10,000 94,000 6,500 84,000 9,500 * * * * * *
Black or African American S S S S * * * * * * * * D D D D * *
White 80,000 2,500 53,000 2,500 77,000 10,500 74,000 7,000 72,000 13,000 82,000 5,500 95,000 4,000 110,000 16,500 96,000 8,000
Other racec * * D D * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
Physical/ related scientists 90,000 1,000 59,000 2,500 80,000 1,500 86,000 6,500 100,000 3,500 110,000 3,000 109,000 7,500 123,000 8,500 99,000 10,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  80,000 4,500 57,000 1,000 * * 97,000 5,500 75,000 3,000 * * * * * * * *
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 80,000 4,500 58,000 2,500 74,000 5,000 87,000 14,500 107,000 11,500 113,000 9,500 111,000 17,000 126,000 9,500 S S
Black or African American 64,000 5,500 * * * * * * * * * * * * D D * *
White 95,000 3,500 58,000 3,500 85,000 6,500 83,000 5,500 100,000 4,000 110,000 3,500 107,000 7,000 120,000 10,500 100,000 13,000
Other racec 85,000 7,000 * * * * * * * * * * D D D D D D
Chemists, except biochemists 101,000 4,000 68,000 8,500 80,000 5,500 102,000 7,500 110,000 500 123,000 4,000 119,000 9,500 136,000 7,500 101,000 9,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  96,000 6,000 * * * * * * D D * * D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 95,000 6,500 54,000 6,000 69,000 13,500 100,000 7,000 110,000 500 129,000 3,000 * * * * D D
Black or African American 100,000 8,500 * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D
White 105,000 5,000 74,000 5,000 88,000 7,500 102,000 10,500 112,000 5,500 120,000 2,000 127,000 7,500 135,000 7,500 102,000 9,000
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Earth/ atmospheric/ ocean scientists 96,000 8,500 63,000 3,500 81,000 2,000 106,000 8,500 107,000 5,500 113,000 20,500 135,000 20,500 136,000 13,000 S S
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 82,000 8,000 54,000 7,500 80,000 3,000 * * * * * * D D D D D D
Black or African American * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 100,000 5,500 66,000 7,000 82,000 5,500 104,000 20,000 110,000 8,500 118,000 23,000 136,000 16,000 138,000 12,500 S S
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Physicists and astronomers 108,000 1,000 56,000 3,500 108,000 2,000 114,000 3,500 120,000 3,000 141,000 17,000 131,000 8,500 150,000 6,500 109,000 18,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 84,000 11,000 58,000 7,000 100,000 13,000 76,000 18,500 D D * * 149,000 18,000 D D D D
Black or African American D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 110,000 2,000 54,000 4,500 108,000 1,000 123,000 3,000 122,000 5,500 149,000 9,500 121,000 23,500 147,000 9,500 109,000 18,000
Other racec * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Postsecondary teachers - physical/ related sciences 75,000 2,500 48,000 3,000 64,000 2,000 68,000 4,000 75,000 2,000 85,000 5,000 85,000 4,500 102,000 8,500 106,000 18,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  77,000 6,000 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 60,000 10,000 49,000 5,500 58,000 2,000 66,000 8,000 49,000 23,000 98,000 24,500 S S * * * *
Black or African American 52,000 6,500 * * * * * * D D * * * * D D * *
White 80,000 1,500 48,000 3,000 68,000 1,000 68,000 3,000 78,000 3,500 85,000 3,500 87,000 4,500 102,000 6,500 109,000 12,500
Other racec * * D D * * D D D D * * D D D D D D
Other physical/ related scientists 105,000 6,000 78,000 6,000 91,000 4,500 117,000 14,500 115,000 4,500 119,000 22,500 * * S S 85,000 28,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 101,000 13,000 * * * * * * D D * * D D D D D D
Black or African American * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 106,000 8,500 * * * * 117,000 30,500 115,000 2,000 * * * * S S 85,000 29,500
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Social/related scientists 75,000 500 58,000 3,500 70,000 1,500 75,000 500 75,000 4,000 81,000 6,500 90,000 2,000 93,000 5,500 99,000 5,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  70,000 2,500 58,000 7,500 71,000 2,000 71,000 10,000 68,000 5,000 85,000 6,500 * * * * * *
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb 66,000 6,500 * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 73,000 5,500 56,000 7,500 70,000 7,500 74,000 8,500 89,000 6,000 99,000 7,500 72,000 14,000 * * * *
Black or African American 79,000 5,500 60,000 2,500 68,000 1,500 79,000 3,000 85,000 4,500 70,000 12,000 87,000 2,500 96,000 7,000 * *
White 75,000 500 57,000 5,000 70,000 2,500 75,000 1,500 75,000 3,500 80,000 4,500 91,000 3,000 92,000 5,500 98,000 5,500
Other racec 70,000 1,000 54,000 5,000 * * * * 70,000 500 * * * * * * * *
Economists 127,000 8,500 69,000 18,000 119,000 3,000 140,000 9,500 137,000 18,500 160,000 12,000 162,000 8,000 172,000 23,500 129,000 18,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  116,000 5,500 * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 118,000 6,500 71,000 25,500 * * * * * * D D D D D D D D
Black or African American * * D D D D * * D D D D D D D D D D
White 137,000 8,500 60,000 24,500 127,000 18,500 145,000 6,500 145,000 19,000 162,000 13,000 161,000 8,500 171,000 62,000 134,000 20,500
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Political scientists 121,000 11,500 * * * * D D * * D D D D D D D D
Hispanic or Latinoa  D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Black or African American * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 123,000 15,500 * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
Other racec D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Postsecondary teachers - social/ related sciences 70,000 2,000 59,000 4,500 64,000 2,000 69,000 1,500 75,000 2,000 79,000 2,500 90,000 500 96,000 7,500 100,000 2,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  67,000 1,000 56,000 5,500 65,000 2,000 69,000 3,000 71,000 5,000 * * * * * * D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb 66,000 4,500 * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 68,000 7,000 51,000 5,500 57,000 9,000 74,000 19,500 84,000 5,500 * * S S * * * *
Black or African American 75,000 7,000 58,000 4,500 67,000 2,000 72,000 5,000 S S 64,000 16,000 * * * * * *
White 71,000 3,000 60,000 4,500 63,000 2,000 69,000 2,000 72,000 4,500 79,000 3,500 90,000 500 98,000 8,000 100,000 1,500
Other racec 70,000 500 * * * * * * * * D D D D D D D D
Psychologists 77,000 3,000 55,000 4,500 79,000 2,000 84,000 1,500 71,000 7,000 89,000 6,000 89,000 4,000 83,000 9,000 85,000 4,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  69,000 12,000 52,000 14,500 * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 72,000 9,500 50,000 11,500 54,000 13,500 * * * * * * D D D D D D
Black or African American 79,000 4,500 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
White 77,000 3,000 55,000 7,000 80,000 2,500 84,000 2,500 69,000 7,000 88,000 8,500 89,000 4,000 81,000 10,000 85,000 4,000
Other racec 61,000 13,500 * * * * * * D D * * D D D D D D
Sociologists and anthropologists 51,000 16,500 40,000 500 71,000 9,500 * * * * * * * * * * * *
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Black or African American * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 42,000 14,500 40,000 500 * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Other social and related scientists 83,000 5,000 57,000 6,500 96,000 14,000 116,000 33,000 86,000 6,500 98,000 15,500 * * * * 99,000 23,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  72,000 12,500 * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 58,000 18,000 45,000 3,000 100,000 11,500 * * D D D D D D D D D D
Black or African American 81,000 7,000 * * * * * * * * D D D D D D D D
White 86,000 6,000 60,000 12,500 90,000 18,500 123,000 33,500 86,000 10,000 97,000 15,500 * * * * 98,000 22,000
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Engineering occupations 109,000 2,000 84,000 3,500 99,000 3,000 118,000 1,500 120,000 1,500 134,000 5,500 129,000 2,000 139,000 7,000 127,000 4,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  97,000 4,500 S S 99,000 5,000 97,000 3,000 * * * * * * * * * *
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb * * D D * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 104,000 2,500 83,000 8,000 99,000 4,000 119,000 1,000 120,000 2,000 137,000 3,500 125,000 7,500 140,000 6,000 144,000 16,000
Black or African American 87,000 8,000 77,000 2,000 81,000 22,000 * * * * * * D D D D D D
White 114,000 3,000 85,000 2,500 100,000 1,000 118,000 2,000 120,000 2,000 130,000 2,500 132,000 6,000 139,000 12,500 124,000 6,000
Other racec 108,000 5,000 * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D
Aeronautical/ aerospace/ astronautical engineers 125,000 4,500 101,000 6,500 115,000 6,000 111,000 11,000 147,000 12,000 130,000 21,500 145,000 5,500 * * 157,000 23,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 124,000 6,500 * * * * D D * * D D D D * * D D
Black or African American * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 127,000 5,500 100,000 2,000 119,000 5,000 109,000 7,000 153,000 5,000 * * * * * * 171,000 23,000
Other racec D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Chemical engineers 113,000 7,000 81,000 6,000 100,000 1,500 138,000 19,000 120,000 15,000 132,000 8,000 138,000 10,500 * * 134,000 13,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 102,000 6,500 75,000 17,000 98,000 5,500 * * * * * * * * D D * *
Black or African American * * D D * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 120,000 8,500 89,000 14,500 101,000 1,500 150,000 19,000 * * 142,000 9,000 * * * * 88,000 33,000
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Civil, including architectural/ sanitary engineers 94,000 6,500 79,000 11,000 87,000 5,500 84,000 17,000 113,000 11,000 * * * * 80,000 25,500 115,000 21,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * D D * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 91,000 11,000 61,000 23,000 * * * * * * D D D D D D D D
Black or African American * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 95,000 4,000 82,000 9,000 * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Other racec D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Electrical/ computer hardware engineers 125,000 3,000 99,000 1,500 117,000 3,000 131,000 9,000 135,000 13,000 139,000 7,500 139,000 18,500 149,000 15,000 142,000 22,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * D D * * D D * * D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 121,000 2,500 98,000 2,500 119,000 2,500 131,000 6,500 138,000 14,500 151,000 10,500 * * * * * *
Black or African American * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 129,000 1,500 110,000 6,500 117,000 5,000 139,000 7,500 129,000 14,000 134,000 3,000 142,000 16,500 148,000 22,000 129,000 18,000
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Industrial engineers 84,000 28,500 S S * * * * * * D D D D D D * *
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Black or African American D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 99,000 8,500 * * * * D D D D D D D D D D * *
Other racec D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Mechanical engineers 102,000 6,500 80,000 14,500 93,000 8,500 116,000 2,000 126,000 5,000 118,000 8,500 * * * * 108,000 16,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 94,000 5,500 S S 89,000 14,500 114,000 3,000 122,000 20,500 110,000 24,000 * * D D * *
Black or African American * * D D * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 113,000 4,000 85,000 9,000 102,000 7,500 117,000 1,500 127,000 6,500 122,000 11,500 * * * * 102,000 15,500
Other racec D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Postsecondary teachers - engineering 100,000 500 76,000 4,000 86,000 2,500 93,000 3,500 104,000 4,000 118,000 6,000 119,000 4,000 118,000 20,000 117,000 10,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  90,000 2,500 * * * * * * * * * * * * D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 100,000 3,500 76,000 6,500 82,000 6,000 98,000 12,000 110,000 6,000 111,000 13,500 119,000 5,000 * * * *
Black or African American 83,000 7,000 * * * * * * D D * * D D D D D D
White 100,000 500 76,000 7,000 87,000 2,500 92,000 3,500 100,000 4,000 118,000 7,000 120,000 9,500 121,000 22,000 117,000 15,000
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Other engineers 101,000 5,000 79,000 1,500 94,000 9,000 112,000 6,500 110,000 7,500 149,000 4,500 127,000 5,000 129,000 7,000 120,000 14,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  96,000 7,000 * * * * * * * * D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 95,000 7,500 79,000 3,000 92,000 14,000 107,000 11,500 95,000 10,000 140,000 6,000 * * * * * *
Black or African American * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 110,000 4,000 78,000 3,000 95,000 10,000 119,000 4,500 120,000 11,500 134,000 12,000 129,000 7,000 129,000 8,000 120,000 18,000
Other racec * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
S&E-related occupations 94,000 3,500 72,000 10,500 83,000 4,000 98,000 18,000 122,000 17,000 135,000 16,500 101,000 29,500 149,000 17,500 133,000 14,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  79,000 5,500 S S S S 103,000 5,000 * * S S * * * * S S
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb 119,000 9,000 S S D D D D * * D D D D D D D D
Asian 99,000 9,000 88,000 18,000 82,000 9,000 100,000 9,000 133,000 18,000 147,000 9,000 100,000 16,500 128,000 18,500 115,000 17,500
Black or African American 83,000 13,000 69,000 1,000 87,000 12,500 166,000 62,500 101,000 12,000 * * * * * * D D
White 98,000 6,500 64,000 2,000 84,000 4,500 92,000 22,000 110,000 27,000 129,000 16,500 129,000 9,000 149,000 15,500 139,000 12,000
Other racec S S * * * * * * * * * * S S D D D D
Health occupations 92,000 3,000 70,000 10,000 80,000 6,500 118,000 19,000 95,000 22,000 135,000 41,500 109,000 18,000 145,000 26,500 120,000 24,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  S S * * S S * * * * S S D D D D S S
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 91,000 1,000 S S 75,000 11,000 87,000 9,500 101,000 33,000 198,000 57,000 86,000 13,500 * * * *
Black or African American 85,000 5,000 72,000 5,000 79,000 5,000 * * * * * * * * D D D D
White 94,000 3,500 64,000 2,000 86,000 9,000 119,000 19,000 94,000 28,000 113,000 33,000 120,000 13,000 145,000 27,500 139,000 13,000
Other racec 85,000 7,000 * * * * * * D D * * D D D D D D
S&E managers, including health 136,000 8,500 117,000 29,000 96,000 11,500 110,000 13,500 153,000 5,500 156,000 11,500 159,000 8,500 161,000 7,500 170,000 10,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  99,000 11,000 * * * * * * * * * * D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 140,000 6,500 * * 96,000 12,000 132,000 10,500 158,000 25,500 144,000 6,000 * * 144,000 36,000 * *
Black or African American 88,000 500 * * S S * * * * D D D D D D D D
White 141,000 7,500 137,000 34,000 101,000 1,500 105,000 19,000 151,000 4,500 163,000 8,000 160,000 9,500 165,000 9,500 171,000 12,500
Other racec * * * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D
S&E precollege teacher 59,000 10,500 68,000 16,000 64,000 23,500 S S 59,000 14,000 65,000 9,500 S S * * * *
Hispanic or Latinoa  S S D D D D * * D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Black or African American 69,000 5,000 S S S S D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 53,000 17,500 D D 46,000 15,000 S S 55,000 18,000 56,000 13,000 * * * * * *
Other racec D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
S&E technician/ technologist 95,000 8,500 62,000 9,000 68,000 7,000 87,000 42,500 98,000 10,000 126,000 12,000 D D D D S S
Hispanic or Latinoa  * * * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 80,000 15,000 49,000 10,000 63,000 7,000 78,000 3,000 95,000 18,500 129,000 22,000 D D D D D D
Black or African American D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 97,000 10,000 86,000 7,000 * * S S 98,000 40,500 S S D D D D * *
Other racec D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Other S&E-related S S * * * * * * D D D D D D D D D D
Hispanic or Latinoa  D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Black or African American D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 47,000 2,500 * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Other racec D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Non-S&E occupations 93,000 4,500 65,000 4,500 81,000 5,500 80,000 6,500 95,000 9,000 115,000 14,000 114,000 7,000 119,000 11,500 100,000 5,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  65,000 7,000 65,000 4,500 65,000 9,000 83,000 20,500 74,000 11,500 141,000 49,500 S S S S S S
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb * * D D D D * * D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 104,000 3,500 96,000 26,000 101,000 4,000 88,000 20,500 126,000 18,500 127,000 13,500 S S 79,000 16,000 80,000 29,000
Black or African American 80,000 3,500 69,000 11,000 111,000 32,500 79,000 3,000 73,000 4,000 51,000 22,000 S S S S * *
White 95,000 6,000 61,000 5,000 75,000 8,000 80,000 10,000 93,000 12,000 119,000 13,000 115,000 8,000 120,000 6,500 107,000 13,000
Other racec 62,000 7,000 59,000 500 S S * * * * S S * * * * D D
Arts/ humanities/ related 36,000 11,000 S S 40,000 5,500 47,000 2,500 35,000 500 S S S S 14,000 2,000 19,000 6,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  S S D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 30,000 13,500 * * * * * * D D * * D D D D D D
Black or African American * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 43,000 10,500 34,000 16,500 36,000 6,500 47,000 3,000 S S 76,000 9,500 S S 14,000 2,000 19,000 6,000
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Management-related 113,000 9,000 89,000 9,000 90,000 14,000 102,000 15,000 135,000 21,000 129,000 9,000 127,000 47,500 118,000 19,500 99,000 18,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  90,000 19,500 * * * * * * * * * * D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 120,000 5,500 99,000 31,500 104,000 19,000 123,000 12,500 141,000 21,000 119,000 19,000 * * D D * *
Black or African American 91,000 24,000 * * * * * * * * * * * * D D * *
White 113,000 12,000 92,000 17,500 83,000 24,500 100,000 20,000 129,000 24,000 129,000 8,500 130,000 60,500 126,000 26,000 103,000 20,000
Other racec * * D D D D * * D D D D D D D D D D
Non-S&E manager 141,000 4,500 100,000 13,000 120,000 13,500 119,000 6,500 151,000 9,500 141,000 16,500 156,000 19,000 150,000 9,500 167,000 12,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  140,000 24,000 * * 140,000 56,000 120,000 31,000 129,000 16,000 * * * * * * * *
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 149,000 10,500 S S 116,000 12,500 102,000 16,000 197,000 9,000 163,000 42,000 197,000 24,500 S S 105,000 4,000
Black or African American 128,000 24,500 S S 133,000 7,500 99,000 7,000 75,000 16,000 * * S S * * * *
White 141,000 4,500 100,000 11,500 101,000 8,500 123,000 6,500 154,000 8,000 131,000 20,500 150,000 13,500 147,000 8,500 176,000 7,500
Other racec 109,000 11,500 D D D D * * D D * * D D * * D D
Non-S&E postsecondary teacher 79,000 2,500 65,000 4,500 80,000 5,500 71,000 8,000 79,000 3,500 89,000 7,000 99,000 7,000 85,000 26,500 80,000 20,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  65,000 3,500 61,000 3,000 64,000 4,000 61,000 3,000 D D * * * * * * D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 83,000 12,000 126,000 38,000 102,000 7,000 69,000 4,000 72,000 17,500 98,000 18,000 * * * * D D
Black or African American 72,000 7,500 65,000 4,500 * * * * 64,000 8,500 * * * * D D D D
White 79,000 2,000 62,000 4,500 75,000 9,500 75,000 6,500 81,000 4,500 86,000 16,500 99,000 5,500 90,000 27,500 80,000 18,000
Other racec 93,000 11,000 * * S S D D * * D D D D D D D D
Non-S&E precollege/ other teacher S S S S 61,000 2,500 S S 70,000 10,500 S S S S D D D D
Hispanic or Latinoa  S S D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Black or African American * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White S S S S * * S S * * S S S S D D D D
Other racec D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Sales/ marketing 65,000 24,500 51,000 5,500 100,000 6,000 115,000 2,000 104,000 14,000 83,000 30,000 112,000 25,000 46,000 18,500 S S
Hispanic or Latinoa  S S D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 96,000 22,500 * * * * 142,000 36,500 79,000 21,500 * * * * D D * *
Black or African American * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
White 81,000 25,000 51,000 2,500 * * 114,000 7,500 114,000 28,000 73,000 16,500 105,000 25,500 S S S S
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Social service/ related 54,000 9,000 50,000 7,500 48,000 12,000 50,000 6,000 70,000 10,500 67,000 29,000 51,000 5,500 68,000 3,500 50,000 4,500
Hispanic or Latinoa  60,000 17,500 * * * * S S D D D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 50,000 9,000 D D * * D D D D D D D D D D D D
Black or African American 50,000 19,500 * * 37,000 7,000 S S * * * * D D D D D D
White 50,000 6,000 S S 60,000 14,000 50,000 9,000 76,000 5,500 64,000 21,000 53,000 6,500 68,000 3,500 48,000 11,500
Other racec D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Other non-S&E 60,000 3,000 S S 63,000 4,000 S S 69,000 18,500 48,000 13,500 46,000 500 S S 97,000 36,000
Hispanic or Latinoa  S S * * * * * * * * D D D D D D D D
Not Hispanic or Latino                                    
American Indian or Alaska Nativeb D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
Asian 47,000 19,500 * * * * * * * * * * S S * * * *
Black or African American 45,000 19,500 * * D D * * D D D D D D D D D D
White 60,000 14,000 S S 60,000 22,000 S S 69,000 16,500 57,000 16,500 45,000 21,000 88,000 28,000 98,000 36,000
Other racec * * D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D

Data codes used in these tables: * = value < 500. D = suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information. S = suppressed for reliability; coefficient of variation exceeds publication standards.
Abbreviations used in these tables: S&E = science and engineering; SE = standard error.
a Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.
b American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, black or African American, and white are single race.
c Other race includes Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander and persons reporting more than one race who are not of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.
NOTES: Salaries are for principal job and rounded to the nearest $1,000. Standard errors for salaries are rounded up to the nearest $500. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Scientists and engineers are bachelor's and higher degreed individuals living in the United States with an S&E or S&E-related degree or occupation. See appendix for additional details on coverage, eligibility, educational field classification, and occupational classification.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT): 2013.
Data from survey cycle 2013, as of 24 February 2015.