|The Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development,
which is conducted annually by the National Science Foundation (NSF) National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES).|
Michael I. Yamaner
Analyst, Research and Development Statistics Program
National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 965
Arlington, Virginia 22230
Telephone: (703) 292-7815
Fax: (703) 292-9091
|Source data and documentation are available from the
National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics.|
|Data are available for FY 1951 through FY 2016; data for FY 2015 and FY 2016 are estimates.|
|Data are available for basic research, applied research, development, and for research and development (R&D) plant.|
|Current As Of|
|Data are current as of April 2015.|
|Data are reported by each agency for 3 years at a time: actual funding for the prior year, as well as estimates for the current and next fiscal years. Therefore, the last 2 years of data are estimates. Estimates are based on funding levels contained in the Federal budget document.|
|Where data are available by field of science and engineering, not all fields are collected for all years. For example, mathematics and computer sciences were not reported separately until 1976 and are reported under
math and computer sciences, not elsewhere classified, for 1972-75.|
|Data are provided by two agency categories, Federal Funds Survey Agency and Federal Agency. The Federal Funds Survey Agency category values provide data at the agency level by which the data were collected and retain the historical organization of the agencies. The Federal Agency category values provide less detailed agency data, aggregating many agencies into Departments. In addition, the Federal Agency category values do not retain the historical organization of the agencies. Instead, each agency is grouped with the department with which it has been most recently associated, and data for all years are reported to reflect the current organization of the agency in order to provide consistent trend data. Please note that NSF publications report agency data to reflect the historic organization of agencies rather than the current organization of agencies. The following are agency organizational changes:
1) The Office of Education and the National Institute of Education were part of the Department of Health, Education,and Welfare before it was split into the Department of Education and the Department of Health and Human Services in FY 1980. In the Federal Agency category, data for these two agencies are included with the Department of Education for all years.
2) Due to reorganization within the Department of Health and Human Services, the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) ceased to exist as of October 1992. In the Federal Agency category, data for the former ADAMHA are reported with the National Institutes of Health for all years.
3) The Social Security Administration, which was part of the Department of Health and Human Services, became a separate agency in 1996. Data for the Social Security Administration are reported as separate agency for all years.
4) The Bonneville Power Administration moved from the Department of the Interior to the Department of Energy in FY 1982. In the Federal Agency category, its data are reported with the Department of Energy for all years.
5) The Energy Research and Development Administration became part of the Department of Energy in FY 1977. In the Federal Agency category, its data are reported with the Department of Energy for all years.
6) The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research became separate from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health in FY 1991. In the Federal Agency category, its data are reported with the Department of Health and Human Services - Other for all years.
7) The Maritime Administration moved from the Department of Commerce to the Department of Transportation in FY 1981. In the Federal Agency category, its data are reported with the Department of Transportation for all years.
8) The Agency for International Development (AID) became separate from the Department of State in FY 1979. In the Federal Agency category, its data are reported with Other Federal Agencies for all years.
A link to the crosswalk from Federal Funds Agency category values to Federal Agency values is provided in the "Crosswalks" section below.
|Although the non-geographic historical data
incorporate corrections to previously reported data that have been submitted by the reporting agencies, corresponding corrections to the geographic distributions are rarely obtainable. Therefore, totals for an agency in "Federal R&D and R&D Plant Obligations to U.S. Performers" may not match totals for that agency obtained for domestic performers in "Federal R&D and R&D Plant Obligations."
This type of discrepancy exists in R&D Obligations for the following agencies:
|Agency ||Fiscal Years
|Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Admin
|Federal Aviation Administration
|National Institutes of Health
|Office of Economic Opportunity
|Washington Headquarters Services
This type of discrepancy also exists in R&D Plant Obligations for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in 1984.
|Beginning in FY 2000, Department of the Air Force did not report BA 6.7 Operational Systems Development data because the agency misunderstood reporting requirements. During the Volume 57 (FY 2007-09) data collection cycle, Department of the Air Force edited prior year data from FY 2000 to FY 2007 to include BA 6.7 Operational Systems Development data. The Department of the Air Force did not include BA 6.7 Operational Systems Development data in their preliminary FY 2009 and FY 2010 data; therefore it is not comparable to FY 2008 (actual) data.|
|In FY 2008, the Department of Agriculture Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service changed its name to National Institute for Food and Agriculture.|
|Obligations represent the amounts for orders placed, contracts awarded, services received, and similar transactions during a given period, regardless of when the funds were appropriated.|
|Research is systematic study directed toward fuller scientific knowledge or understanding of the subject under study. Research is classified as either basic or applied according to the objectives of the sponsoring agency.|
|In basic research the objective of the sponsoring agency is to gain more complete knowledge or understanding of the fundamental aspects of phenomena and of observable facts, without specific applications toward processes or products in mind.|
|In applied research the objective of the sponsoring agency is to gain knowledge or understanding necessary for determining the means by which a recognized need may be met.|
|Development is systematic use of the knowledge or understanding gained from research, directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems, or methods, including design and development of prototypes and
processes. It excludes quality control, routine product testing, and production.|
|Research, development, and R&D plant include all direct, incidental, or related costs resulting from, or necessary to, performance of research and development, and costs of R&D plant, regardless of whether the R&D is performed by a Federal agency (intramurally) or performed by private individuals and organizations under grant or contract
|Research and development excludes routine product testing, quality control, mapping and surveys, collection of general-purpose statistics, experimental production, and the training of scientific personnel.|
|These data have been checked and verified to correspond to data in the following NSF publications:|
|Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2014-16|
| "Federal Funds for Research and Development, Detailed Historical Tables: FY 1951-2002"|
Federal Funds Survey Agency codes to Federal Agency codes|