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Data Source:   NSF Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges/Higher Education Research and Development Survey
Source
The National Science Foundation (NSF) Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges, which is conducted annually by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES). The survey was redesigned and renamed the Higher Education R&D Survey in 2010.
Contact

Ronda Britt
Survey Statistician
National Science Foundation
Directorate for Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences
National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics
Research and Development Statistics Program
4201 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 965 S
Arlington, VA 22230
Phone: (703) 292-7765
Fax: (703) 292-9092
Email: rbritt@nsf.gov

URL
Source data and documentation are available from the National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics.
Availability
Data are available for FY 1972-2015. FY 2015 is defined as the institutional fiscal year that ends in 2015.
Current As Of
Data are current as of November 2016.
Population Size and Structure
Beginning with the FY 2010 Higher Education R&D Survey, the target population includes institutions that have bachelor's or higher degree programs and annually perform at least $150,000 in separately budgeted R&D within any field.

Between FY 2004 and 2009, the target population included institutions that had bachelor's or higher programs in science and engineering (S&E) fields only and annually performed at least $150,000 in separately budgeted S&E R&D.

Prior to FY 2004, all bachelor's or higher degree-granting institutions performing at least $150,000 in separately budgeted S&E R&D were included, as well as the complete populations of institutions with doctoral programs in S&E and Historically Black Colleges and Universities (regardless of the level of R&D).

Prior to FY 1998, a combination of population and sample surveys were administered. Sample surveys were conducted in FY 1984-87, FY 1989-92, and FY 1994-97. In FY 1978, data were collected only from S&E doctorate-granting institutions. Population surveys were conducted in all other years.

Beginning with FY 2012, institutions reporting less than $1 million in total R&D expenditures in the previous fiscal year completed a shorter version of the survey questionnaire. These institutions reported $149 million in total R&D expenditures in FY 2014 and are not included in this database. For more information on these institutions' R&D expenditures, please see tables 78-84 in the data tables located at http://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/herd/2014/.

The FY 2015 response rate was 96.7 percent.

Sample Inflation
For sample survey years, the data were weighted to represent national-level R&D expenditures at institutions of higher education.
Estimation/Imputation
Detailed information on estimation and imputation procedures may be found in the methodology reports. These reports are available on request from Ronda Britt.
Data Limitations
Data for detailed engineering and environmental science fields were not collected prior to FY 1980.

Prior to FY 1990, separate data were not collected for metallurgical and materials engineering; these are included in other engineering prior to FY 1990.

Prior to FY 1997, separate data were not collected for bioengineering/biomedical engineering; these are included in other engineering prior to FY 1997.

Prior to FY 2003, data were not collected for non-science and engineering fields. These were not included in the survey within any field prior to FY 2003.

In FY 2010 the survey underwent many significant changes and additions, and thus several variables for this survey are only available for 2010. Full details on these changes can be found within the source data and documentation at the National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics.

Notes
In order to correspond to institutional data in NSF publications, data for certain systems of institutions or otherwise related institutions have been combined into a single entity in WebCASPAR. The detailed data from the most recent survey for these institutions are provided in spreadsheet files that may be accessed through the following links:

Johns Hopkins University

University of Mississippi

College of William and Mary

Quality Control
These data have been checked and verified to correspond to data in the following NSF publication:
"Higher Education Research & Development: Fiscal Year 2015"

These tables are available upon request from Ronda Britt.

  
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