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Analysis Variable:   Federally Financed Higher Education R&D Expenditures for S&E
R&D expenditures in S&E fields, including direct and recovered indirect costs, funded by all agencies of the Federal government.

Prior to 2003, the survey only requested R&D expenditures within S&E fields, therefore this variable should be used for any trend analyses including years prior to 2003. For complete totals for 2003 and beyond, please use the analysis variable Federally Financed R&D Expenditures in All Fields.

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