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Analysis Variable:   Number of Foreign Postdoctorates with Medical Degrees (Pre-2010)
This variable is the number of foreign postdoctorates who hold first professional medical degrees (M.D., D.O., D.D.S., and D.V.M.) in GSS-eligible science, engineering, and health (SEH) units in the fall of the data collection year. Breakdowns of these data are available by: academic institution, state, Carnegie classification, type-of-control (public or private), discipline, and highest degree granted (unit and/or institution level).
Postdoctorates include individuals with SEH degrees as Ph.D.'s, M.D.'s, D.D.S.'s, or D.V.M.'s (including foreign degrees equivalent to U.S. doctorates) who devote their primary effort to their own research training through research activities or study in the department under temporary appointments carrying no academic rank. These individuals may contribute to the academic program through seminars, lectures, or working with graduate students. Such postdoctorates may have different titles at different institutions, e.g., "Postdoctoral Scholar," "Research Associate," "Postdoctoral Fellow," or "Postgraduate Researcher." Excluded are clinical fellows and those with appointments in residency training programs in medical and health professions, unless research training under the supervision of a senior mentor is the primary purpose of the appointment.
Foreign postdoctorates are those holding temporary visas; native residents of a U.S. possession and applicants for U.S. citizenship holding green cards are not considered foreign.
Data are available for fall 1983-2009.
Please see the data source help for details on the population size and structure for each year.
Quality Control
These data have been checked and verified to correspond to data in the following NSF publication:
Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering
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