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Analysis Variable:   Business Financed R&D Expenditures
R&D expenditures financed by any domestic or foreign for-profit organization. Funds received from a company's nonprofit foundation are included under nonprofit financed R&D expenditures.

Prior to 2010, the survey only requested R&D expenditures within science and engineering (S&E) fields for this source of funding, therefore data are available for 2010-13. For trend analyses involving years prior to 2010, please use the analysis variable Business Financed Higher Education R&D Expenditures for S&E.

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