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Analysis Variable:   Applied Research Obligations
This variable indicates the amount of applied research obligations by type of performer.
Obligations represent the amounts for orders placed, contracts awarded, services received, and similar transactions during a given period, regardless of when the funds were appropriated.
Research is systematic study directed toward fuller scientific knowledge or understanding of the subject under study. Research is classified as either basic or applied according to the objectives of the sponsoring agency.
In applied research the objective of the sponsoring agency is to gain knowledge or understanding necessary for determining the means by which a recognized need may be met.
Quality Control
These data have been checked and verified to correspond to data in the following NSF publications:
Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2015-17
"Federal Funds for Research and Development, Detailed Historical Tables: FY 1951-2002"
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