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Analysis Variable:   R&D Obligations
This variable indicates the amount of research and development (R&D) obligations by the type of performer.
Although the non-geographic historical data incorporate corrections to previously reported data that have been submitted by the reporting agencies, corresponding corrections to the geographic distributions are rarely obtainable. Therefore, totals for an agency in "Federal R&D and R&D Plant Obligations to U.S. Performers" may not match totals for that agency obtained for domestic performers in "Federal R&D and R&D Plant Obligations."

This type of discrepancy exists in R&D Obligations for the following agencies:

Agency Fiscal Years
Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Admin 1987
Federal Aviation Administration 1972
Geological Survey 1972-78
National Institutes of Health 1975-77, 1989
Office of Economic Opportunity 1972-73
Washington Headquarters Services 1998

This type of discrepancy also exists in R&D Plant Obligations for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in 1984.

Beginning in FY 2000, Department of the Air Force did not report BA 6.7 Operational Systems Development data because the agency misunderstood reporting requirements. During the Volume 57 (FY 2007-09) data collection cycle, Department of the Air Force edited prior year data from FY 2000 to FY 2007 to include BA 6.7 Operational Systems Development data. The Department of the Air Force did not include BA 6.7 Operational Systems Development data in their preliminary FY 2009 and FY 2010 data; therefore it is not comparable to FY 2008 (actual) data.
Obligations represent the amounts for orders placed, contracts awarded, services received, and similar transactions during a given period, regardless of when the funds were appropriated.
Research is systematic study directed toward fuller scientific knowledge or understanding of the subject under study. Research is classified as either basic or applied according to the objectives of the sponsoring agency.
Development is systematic use of the knowledge or understanding gained from research, directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems, or methods, including design and development of prototypes and processes. It excludes quality control, routine product testing, and production.
Research and development excludes routine product testing, quality control, mapping and surveys, collection of general-purpose statistics, experimental production, and the training of scientific personnel.
Quality Control
These data have been checked and verified to correspond to data in the following NSF publications:
Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2015-17
"Federal Funds for Research and Development, Detailed Historical Tables: FY 1951-2002"
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