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Analysis Variable:   R&D Expenditures funded by All Other Sources
R&D expenditures financed by all other sources, such as funds from foreign governments, foreign or U.S. universities, and gifts designated by the donors for research.

Prior to 2010, the survey only requested R&D expenditures within science and engineering (S&E) fields for this source of funding, therefore data are available for 2010-16. For trend analyses involving years prior to 2010, please use the analysis variable Other Higher Education R&D Expenditures for S&E.

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