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Analysis Variable:   R&D Outlays
Description
This variable indicates the amount of research and development (R&D) outlays.
Notes
Outlays represent the amounts for checks issued and cash payments made during a given period, regardless of when the funds were appropriated.
Research is systematic study directed toward fuller scientific knowledge or understanding of the subject under study. Research is classified as either basic or applied according to the objectives of the sponsoring agency.
Development is systematic use of the knowledge or understanding gained from research, directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems, or methods, including design and development of prototypes and processes. It excludes quality control, routine product testing, and production.
Quality Control
These data have been checked and verified to correspond to data in the following NSF publications:
Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2015-17
"Federal Funds for Research and Development, Detailed Historical Tables: FY 1951-2002"
  
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